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  1. The military population face a unique set of risk factors that may increase the risk of being diagnosed with dementia. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a higher preva...

    Authors: Zara Raza, Syeda F. Hussain, Suzanne Ftouni, Gershon Spitz, Nick Caplin, Russell G. Foster and Renata S. M. Gomes

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:55

    Content type: Review

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  2. Despite the widespread use of malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) in clinical practice, there are a lot of challenges. We conducted a secondary analysis of 129 malaria RDT data from rounds 5–8 of the World Hea...

    Authors: Biao Xu, Bo Tu, Fang Chu, Mohamed Jalloh, Jin-Song Mu, Jun-Jie Zheng and Wei-Wei Chen

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:52

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  3. Periodontitis has been proposed as a novel risk factor of genitourinary cancers: although periodontitis and genitourinary cancers are two totally distinct types of disorders, epidemiological and clinical studi...

    Authors: Shuai Yuan, Cheng Fang, Wei-Dong Leng, Lan Wu, Bing-Hui Li, Xing-Huan Wang, Hailiang Hu and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:54

    Content type: Review

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  4. To determine the prevalence and clinical features of olfactory and taste disorders among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. A cross-sectional study was performed in Wuhan from April 3, 2020...

    Authors: Jian-Hui Li, Yi Sun, Mei-Rong Li, Hu Yuan, Chang-Liang Yang, Cheng-Cheng Huang, Feng-Jie Zhou, Rui-Yao Chen, Lei-Bo Zhang, Ning Yu, Qiong Liu, Jing-Jing He, Xue-Jun Zhou, Xiao-Bing Fu and Shi-Ming Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:51

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  5. The management of bacterial infections is becoming a major clinical challenge due to the rapid evolution of antibiotic resistant bacteria. As an excellent candidate to overcome antibiotic resistance, antimicro...

    Authors: Qi-Yu Zhang, Zhi-Bin Yan, Yue-Ming Meng, Xiang-Yu Hong, Gang Shao, Jun-Jie Ma, Xu-Rui Cheng, Jun Liu, Jian Kang and Cai-Yun Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:48

    Content type: Review

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  6. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) sense viral RNA and activate antiviral immune responses. Herein we investigate their functions in human epithelia...

    Authors: Duo-Meng Yang, Ting-Ting Geng, Andrew G. Harrison and Peng-Hua Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:49

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. SARS-CoV-2 is a newly identified member of the coronavirus family that has caused the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This rapidly evolving and unrelenting SARS-CoV-2 has disrupted the lives and ...

    Authors: Natalie Yan-Lin Pang, Alexander Shao-Rong Pang, Vincent T. Chow and De-Yun Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:47

    Content type: Review

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  8. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a candidate general marker of oxidative stress (OS). We sought to assess the relation of MDA to Gulf War illness (GWI) and to a variety of exposures.

    Authors: Beatrice Alexandra Golomb, Sridevi Devaraj, Alexis K. Messner, Hayley Jean Koslik, Jun Hee Han and Barnabas Yik

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:46

    Content type: Research

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  9. Many high quality studies have emerged from public databases, such as Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCG...

    Authors: Wen-Tao Wu, Yuan-Jie Li, Ao-Zi Feng, Li Li, Tao Huang, An-Ding Xu and Jun Lyu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:44

    Content type: Review

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  10. Service members are at risk for sleep and psychological conditions affecting their readiness. Chronotype (“morningness” or “eveningness”) is strongly associated with sleep, health and performance. The objectiv...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Harrison, Alexandra P. Easterling, Emily A. Schmied, Suzanne L. Hurtado and Gena L. Glickman

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:43

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. War and combat exposure pose great risks to the vision system. More recently, vision related deficiencies and impairments have become common with the increased use of powerful explosive devices and the subsequ...

    Authors: Syeda F. Hussain, Zara Raza, Andrew T. G. Cash, Thomas Zampieri, Robert A. Mazzoli, Randy H. Kardon and Renata S. M. Gomes

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:42

    Content type: Review

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  12. The clinical efficiency of routine oxygen therapy is uncertain in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who do not have hypoxemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between oxygen ther...

    Authors: Yue Yu, Ren-Qi Yao, Yu-Feng Zhang, Su-Yu Wang, Wang Xi, Jun-Nan Wang, Xiao-Yi Huang, Yong-Ming Yao and Zhi-Nong Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:38

    Content type: Research

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  13. Septic shock has a high incidence and mortality rate in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Earlier intravenous fluid resuscitation can significantly improve outcomes in septic patients but easily leads to fluid over...

    Authors: Mei-Ping Wang, Li Jiang, Bo Zhu, Bin Du, Wen Li, Yan He and Xiu-Ming Xi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:40

    Content type: Research

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  14. Meta-analysis is a statistical method to synthesize evidence from a number of independent studies, including those from clinical studies with binary outcomes. In practice, when there are zero events in one or ...

    Authors: Jia-Jin Wei, En-Xuan Lin, Jian-Dong Shi, Ke Yang, Zong-Liang Hu, Xian-Tao Zeng and Tie-Jun Tong

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:41

    Content type: Methodology

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  15. Pituicytoma is an extremely rare low-grade glial tumor that is closely related to the neurohypophysis axis. Most studies of pituicytomas include only several cases. To better understand this disease, we review...

    Authors: Jian-Hua Cheng, Ding Nie, Bin Li, Song-Bai Gui, Chu-Zhong Li, Ya-Zhuo Zhang, Luigi Maria Cavallo and Peng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:39

    Content type: Research

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  16. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the main life-threatening complication of crush syndrome (CS), and myoglobin is accepted as the main pathogenic factor. The pattern recognition receptor retinoicacid-inducible gene...

    Authors: Peng-Tao Wang, Ning Li, Xin-Yue Wang, Jia-Le Chen, Chen-Hao Geng, Zi-Quan Liu, Hao-Jun Fan, Qi Lv, Shi-Ke Hou and Yan-Hua Gong

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:37

    Content type: Research

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  17. Fluid overload (FO) after resuscitation is frequent and contributes to adverse outcomes among postinjury open abdomen (OA) patients. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a promising tool for monitoring fl...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Shi-Long Sun, Xin-Yu Wang, Cheng-Nan Chu, Ze-Hua Duan, Chao Yang, Bao-Chen Liu, Wei-Wei Ding, Wei-Qin Li and Jie-Shou Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:36

    Content type: Research

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  18. An adequate hydration status is critical to ensure efficiency during mental and physical activities. Our goal was to assess the hydration status of a Spanish group of aeronautical military men and to determine...

    Authors: Alejandra Carretero-Krug, Natalia Úbeda, Carlos Velasco, Juan Medina-Font, Trinidad Trujillo Laguna, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras and Ana Montero

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:35

    Content type: Research

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  19. The traditional Chinese medicine NiuBeiXiaoHe (NBXH) extract and Chinese medicine preparation JieHeWan (JHW) exhibit anti-tuberculosis effects. The anti- tuberculosis effect of NBXH was compared with that of J...

    Authors: Li-Yao Duan, Yan Liang, Wen-Ping Gong, Yong Xue, Jie Mi, Jie Wang, Lan Wang, Zai-Xing Jia, Hong Lei, Yu-Mei Liang, Jun Liu, Yue Zheng and Xue-Qiong Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:34

    Content type: Research

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  20. The vital signs of trauma patients are complex and changeable, and the prediction of blood transfusion demand mainly depends on doctors’ experience and trauma scoring system; therefore, it cannot be accurately...

    Authors: Yan-Nan Feng, Zhen-Hua Xu, Jun-Ting Liu, Xiao-Lin Sun, De-Qing Wang and Yang Yu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:33

    Content type: Research

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  21. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but its use remains low among U.S. military men who have sex with men (MSM), likely due to mis-matching with personal pref...

    Authors: José I. Gutierrez, Alex Dubov, Frederick L. Altice and David Vlahov

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:32

    Content type: Research

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  22. In response to an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) within a cluster of Navy personnel in Sri Lanka commencing from 22nd April 2020, an aggressive outbreak management program was launched by the ...

    Authors: N. W. A. N. Y. Wijesekara, Nayomi Herath, K. A. L. C. Kodituwakku, H. D. B. Herath, Samitha Ginige, Thilanga Ruwanpathirana, Manjula Kariyawasam, Sudath Samaraweera, Anuruddha Herath, Senarupa Jayawardena and Deepa Gamge

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:31

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  23. Aeromedical evacuation of patients with burn trauma is an important transport method in times of peace and war, during which patients are exposed to prolonged periods of hypobaric hypoxia; however, the effects...

    Authors: Meng-Jing Xiao, Xiao-Fang Zou, Bin Li, Bao-Long Li, Shi-Jian Wu and Bo Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:30

    Content type: Research

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  24. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is also a combat-related injury that is increasing in modern warfare. The aim of this work is to inform medical experts regarding the different course of bladder cancer in ab...

    Authors: Ralf Böthig, Christian Tiburtius, Wolfgang Schöps, Michael Zellner, Oliver Balzer, Birgitt Kowald, Sven Hirschfeld, Roland Thietje, Aki Pietsch, Ines Kurze, Martin Forchert, Thura Kadhum and Klaus Golka

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:29

    Content type: Research

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  25. Tension pneumothorax is one of the leading causes of preventable death on the battlefield. Current prehospital diagnosis relies on a subjective clinical impression complemented by a manual thoracic and respira...

    Authors: Adir Sommer, Noy Mark, Gavriel D. Kohlberg, Rafi Gerasi, Linn Wagnert Avraham, Ruth Fan-Marko, Arik Eisenkraft and Dean Nachman

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:27

    Content type: Research

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  26. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Meng-Meng Yang, Lu Wang, Yu Zhang, Rui Yuan, Yan Zhao, Jie Hu, Fei-Hu Zhou and Hong-Jun Kang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:26

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:40

  27. Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is caused by post-traumatic tissue injury and manifests as hypercoagulability that leads to thromboembolism or hypocoagulability that leads to uncontrollable massive hemorrhag...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Li-Kun Yang, Wei Zhao, Feng Zhu, Gang Wang, Yao-Peng Chen and Wei-Qin Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:25

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    Published on:

  28. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: An-Dong Zhao, Hua Qin, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:24

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:42

  29. Studies have revealed the protective effect of DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) against diseases associated with ischemic hypoxia. However, the role of NBP in animals with hypobaric hypoxia has not been elucidated....

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yi-Kun Shi, Bin-Da Sun, Lu Liu, Guo-Ji E., Shu He, Jian-Yang Zhang, Bao Liu, Qiu Hu, Jian Chen, Yu-Qi Gao and Er-Long Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:23

    Content type: Research

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  30. To develop an effective model of predicting fatal outcomes in the severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

    Authors: Yun Yang, Xiao-Fei Zhu, Jian Huang, Cui Chen, Yang Zheng, Wei He, Ling-Hao Zhao, Qian Gao, Xuan-Xuan Huang, Li-Juan Fu, Yu Zhang, Yan-Qin Chang, Huo-Jun Zhang and Zhi-Jie Lu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:21

    Content type: Research

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  31. Battlefield internal medicine aims at the treatment of combatants and noncombatants with various internal diseases on the battlefield. The military medical research on battlefield internal diseases focuses on ...

    Authors: Guang-Dong Liu, Nan Wang, Hai-Ming Wang, Xin Li, Jun-Jie Shao, Zi-Fan Liu, Min Jiang, Lin Wang, Zi-Kai Wang, Meng Li, Xue-Ying Cao, Jiang Wang, Ran Zhang and Yun-Dai Chen

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:20

    Content type: Review

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  32. Invasive Trichosporon asahii (T. asahii) infection frequently occurs with a high mortality in immunodeficient hosts, but the pathogenesis of T. asahii infection remains elusive. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a typ...

    Authors: Ming-Wang Zhang, Zhi-Hong Zhu, Zhi-Kuan Xia, Xin Yang, Wan-Ting Luo, Jun-Hong Ao and Rong-Ya Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:19

    Content type: Research

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  33. Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) both play an important role in the treatment of wounds. This study aims to explore the effects of the combination of VSD and EGF on wound healing...

    Authors: Shuai Wei, Wei Wang, Li Li, Hao-Ye Meng, Chun-Zhen Feng, Yu-Ying Dong, Xi-Chi Fang, Qi-Qiang Dong, Wen Jiang, Hai-Li Xin, Zhan-Zhen Li and Xin Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:18

    Content type: Research

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  34. Postoperative care has been evolving since the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was introduced in China. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early ambulation within 24 h after unilater...

    Authors: Yi-Ting Lei, Jin-Wei Xie, Qiang Huang, Wei Huang and Fu-Xing Pei

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:17

    Content type: Research

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  35. Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5)-mediated pathways play critical roles in regulating the hepatic immune response and show hepatoprotective effects in mouse models of hepatic diseases. However, the role of TLR5 in e...

    Authors: Wen Zhang, Lei Wang, Xue-Hua Sun, Xian Liu, Yang Xiao, Jie Zhang, Ting Wang, Hui Chen, Yi-Qun Zhan, Miao Yu, Chang-Hui Ge, Chang-Yan Li, Guang-Ming Ren, Rong-Hua Yin and Xiao-Ming Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:16

    Content type: Research

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  36. Technological advancements in modern military and acrobatic jet planes have resulted in extraordinary psychophysiological loads being exerted upon flying personnel, including inducing neck and back pain. The p...

    Authors: Monika Rausch, Frank Weber, Sven Kühn, Carla Ledderhos, Christoph Zinner and Billy Sperlich

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:15

    Content type: Research

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  37. The potential association between medical resources and the proportion of oldest-old (90 years of age and above) in the Chinese population was examined, and we found that the higher proportion of oldest-old wa...

    Authors: Chao Tan, Cai-Zhi Tang, Xing-Shu Chen and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:14

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  38. Until January 18, 2021, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 93 million individuals and has caused a certain degree of panic. Viral pneumonia caused by common viruses such as respiratory ...

    Authors: Guang-Li Ren, Xian-Feng Wang, Jun Xu, Jun Li, Qiong Meng, Guo-Qiang Xie, Bo Huang, Wei-Chun Zhu, Jing Lin, Cheng-He Tang, Sheng Ye, Zhuo Li, Jie Zhu, Zhen Tang, Ming-Xin Ma, Cong Xie…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:13

    Content type: Research

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  39. We published rapid advice guidelines and updated guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management on February 6, 2020, and September 4, 2020, respectively. These two guidelines vary widely in thei...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Xiao-Mei Yao and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:10

    Content type: Letter to the editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:41

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

  40. The present moment is not the first time that America has found itself at war with a pathogen during a time of international conflict. Between crowded barracks at home and trenches abroad, wartime conditions h...

    Authors: Lauren K. Dutton, Peter C. Rhee, Alexander Y. Shin, Richard J. Ehrlichman and Richard J. Shemin

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:8

    Content type: Perspective

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:11

  41. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a pathogen that has caused a rapidly spreading pandemic all over the world. The primary mean of tra...

    Authors: Deniz Esin Tekcan Sanli, Duzgun Yildirim, Ahmet Necati Sanli, Suha Turkmen, Neval Erozan, Guray Husmen, Aytug Altundag and Filiz Tuzuner

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:7

    Content type: Review

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  42. Cold injury refers to local or systemic injury caused by a rapid, massive loss of body heat in a cold environment. The incidence of cold injury is high. However, the current situation regarding the diagnosis a...

    Authors: Hong-Xu Jin, Yue Teng, Jing Dai and Xiao-Dong Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:6

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    Published on:

  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Laurent Mathieu, Soryapong Plang, Nicolas de l’Escalopier, James Charles Murison, Christophe Gaillard, Antoine Bertani and Frédéric Rongieras

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:4

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:51