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  1. Cytokines are essential cellular modulators of various physiological and pathological activities, including peripheral nerve repair and regeneration. However, the molecular changes of these cellular mediators ...

    Authors: Rui-Rui Zhang, Sai-Ling Chen, Zhang-Chun Cheng, Yin-Ying Shen, Sheng Yi and Hui Xu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:57

    Content type: Research

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  2. Plasma expanders are widely used for acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH). However, existing studies have not focused on large-volume infusion with colloidal plasma expanders, and there is a lack of studies t...

    Authors: Guo-Xing You, Bing-Ting Li, Zhen Wang, Quan Wang, Ying Wang, Jing-Xiang Zhao, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:55

    Content type: Research

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  3. Compared with non-degradable materials, biodegradable biomaterials play an increasingly important role in the repairing of severe bone defects, and have attracted extensive attention from researchers. In the t...

    Authors: Shuai Wei, Jian-Xiong Ma, Lai Xu, Xiao-Song Gu and Xin-Long Ma

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:54

    Content type: Review

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  4. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is the mildest form of acute altitude illnesses, and consists of non-specific symptoms when unacclimatized persons ascend to elevation of ≥2500 m. Risk factors of AMS include: the...

    Authors: Yang Shen, Yuan-Qi Yang, Chuan Liu, Jie Yang, Ji-Hang Zhang, Jun Jin, Hu Tan, Fang-Zheng-Yuan Yuan, Jing-Bin Ke, Chun-Yan He, Lai-Ping Zhang, Chen Zhang, Jie Yu and Lan Huang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:53

    Content type: Research

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  5. Generation of neurons is essential in cell replacement therapy for neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s disease. Several studies have reported the generation of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from mouse and...

    Authors: Hua Qin, An-Dong Zhao, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:52

    Content type: Research

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  6. In theaters of operation, military orthopedic surgeons have to deal with complex open extremity injuries and perform soft-tissue reconstruction on local patients who cannot be evacuated. Our objective was to e...

    Authors: Laurent MATHIEU, Soryapong PLANG, Nicolas de l’ESCALOPIER, James Charles MURISON, Christophe GAILLARD, Antoine BERTANI and Frédéric RONGIERAS

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:51

    Content type: Research

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Denise S. Ryan, Rose K. Sia, Jennifer B. Eaddy, Lorie A. Logan, Jide O. Familoni, Hind Beydoun, Samantha B. Rodgers and Bruce A. Rivers

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:50

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:2

  8. The effects of coronaviruses on the respiratory system are of great concern, but their effects on the digestive system receive much less attention. Coronaviruses that infect mammals have shown gastrointestinal...

    Authors: Xi Luo, Guan-Zhou Zhou, Yan Zhang, Li-Hua Peng, Li-Ping Zou and Yun-Sheng Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:49

    Content type: Review

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  9. p53 and DIRAS3 are tumor suppressors that are frequently silenced in tumors. In this study, we sought to determine whether the concurrent re-expression of p53 and DIRAS3 could effectively induce head and neck ...

    Authors: Zhe Liu, Douglas R. Hurst, Xing Qu, Li-Guang Lu, Chen-Zhou Wu, Yu-Yu Li and Yi Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:48

    Content type: Research

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  10. Our objective was to identify possible associations between clinical and laboratory variables and the risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI) in severely injured patients admitted to the intensive care un...

    Authors: Alberto F. García, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Juan G. Bayona, Maria P. Naranjo, Dary Neicce Villa, Manuel Moreno, Sebastian Ossa, Juan M. Martinez, Nathalia Martinez and Juan C. Puyana

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:47

    Content type: Research

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  11. Selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are first-line pharmacologic treatments for patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but must be given over extended period of time before the onse...

    Authors: Muhammad R. Baig, Robert D. Beck, Jennifer L. Wilson, Jennifer A. Lemmer, Adeel Meraj, Eric C. Meyer, Jim Mintz, Alan L. Peterson and John D. Roache

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:46

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  12. Gastrointestinal symptoms are not rare among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, but there have been no reports regarding convalescent plasma therapy for the recovery of gastrointestinal problems in ...

    Authors: Li-Bo Zhang, Rong-Rong Pang, Qing-Hua Qiao, Zhi-Hua Wang, Xin-Yi Xia, Chang-Jun Wang and Xiao-Li Xu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:45

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. The majority of Veterans Affair (VA) hospitals are in urban areas. We examined whether veterans residing in rural areas have lower mental health service use and poorer mental health status.

    Authors: Joseph J. Boscarino, Charles R. Figley, Richard E. Adams, Thomas G. Urosevich, H. Lester Kirchner and Joseph A. Boscarino

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:44

    Content type: Research

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  14. Using ultrasound to measure optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is an emerging bedside technique to noninvasively assess intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with brain injury. This technique is unique among...

    Authors: Heidi M. Felix, Kristin A. Rosenbush, Amy M. Lannen, Robert A. Pooley, Jason L. Siegel, Benjamin L. Brown, Melissa L. McMullan, Christina I. Collins and William D. Freeman

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:43

    Content type: Methodology

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  15. Motor neuron degeneration or loss in the spinal cord is the characteristic phenotype of motor neuron diseases or spinal cord injuries. Being proliferative and located near neurons, astrocytes are considered id...

    Authors: An-Dong Zhao, Hua Qin, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:42

    Content type: Research

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  16. The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of a rapidly spreading illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), affecting more than seventeen million people around the ...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Qing-Yuan Zhan, Zhi-Yong Peng, Xue-Qun Ren, Xun-Tao Yin, Lin Cai, Yu-Feng Yuan, Ji-Rong Yue, Xiao-Chun Zhang, Qi-Wen Yang, Jianguang Ji, Jian Xia, Yi-Rong Li, Fu-Xiang Zhou, Ya-Dong Gao, Zhui Yu…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:41

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  17. Heat stroke (HS) is a serious, life-threatening disease. However, there is no scoring system for HS so far. This research is to establish a scoring system that can quantitatively assess the severity of exertio...

    Authors: Meng-Meng Yang, Lu Wang, Yu Zhang, Rui Yuan, Yan Zhao, Jie Hu, Fei-Hu Zhou and Hong-Jun Kang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:40

    Content type: Research

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  18. Circadian clocks have important physiological and behavioral functions in humans and other organisms, which enable organisms to anticipate and respond to periodic environmental changes. Disturbances in circadi...

    Authors: Jin-Hu Guo, Xiao-Hong Ma, Huan Ma, Yin Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Tian, Xin Wang and Yong-Cong Shao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:39

    Content type: Review

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  19. The occurrence of infectious complications characterizes the more severe forms of acute pancreatitis (AP) and is associated with high mortality. We investigated the effects of infection at different sites in p...

    Authors: Xun Jiang, Ji-Yu Shi, Xia-Yu Wang, Yong Hu and Yun-Feng Cui

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:38

    Content type: Research

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  20. Heat stroke is the most severe type of heat illness, it is often accompanied by severe multiorgan damage and has a high fatality rate. In January 2020, based on new research evidence and the experiences of Chi...

    Authors: Shu-Yuan Liu, Qian Wang, Yun-Peng Lou, Yan Gao, Bo Ning, Qing Song and Hai-Ling Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:37

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that is characterized by multiple organ dysfunction due to abnormal host response to various pathogens, like bacteria, fungi and virus. The differences between viral and ...

    Authors: Chao Ren, Ren-Qi Yao, Di Ren, Ying Li, Yong-Wen Feng and Yong-Ming Yao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:36

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  22. More people ascend to high altitude (HA) for various activities, and some individuals are susceptible to HA illness after rapidly ascending from plains. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a general complaint tha...

    Authors: Ji-Hang Zhang, Yang Shen, Chuan Liu, Jie Yang, Yuan-Qi Yang, Chen Zhang, Shi-Zhu Bian, Jie Yu, Xu-Bin Gao, Lai-Ping Zhang, Jing-Bin Ke, Fang-Zheng-Yuan Yuan, Wen-Xu Pan, Zhi-Nian Guo and Lan Huang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:35

    Content type: Research

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  23. Pediatric casualties account for a notable proportion of encounters in the deployed setting based on the humanitarian medical care mission. Previously published data demonstrates that an age-adjust shock index...

    Authors: Camaren M. Cuenca, Matthew A. Borgman, Michael D. April, Andrew D. Fisher and Steven G. Schauer

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:33

    Content type: Research

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  24. Neuronal networks, especially those in the central nervous system (CNS), evolved to support extensive functional capabilities while ensuring stability. Several physiological “brakes” that maintain the stabilit...

    Authors: Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Hong Chen and De-Yun Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:30

    Content type: Review

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  25. Civilian explosion blast injury is more frequent in developing countries, including China. However, the incidence, casualties, and characteristics of such incidents in China are unknown.

    Authors: Xu Wang, Juan Du, Zhuo Zhuang, Zheng-Guo Wang, Jian-Xin Jiang and Ce Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:29

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recent studies reported that patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) might have liver injury. However, few data on the combined analysis and change patterns of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), asparta...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Hong Zhao, Li-Gai Liu, Yan-Bin Wang, Ting Zhang, Ming-Hui Li, Yan-Li Xu, Gui-Ju Gao, Hao-Feng Xiong, Ying Fan, Ying Cao, Rui Ding, Jing-Jing Wang, Cheng Cheng and Wen Xie

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:28

    Content type: Research

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  27. Attrition rate in new army recruits is higher than in incumbent troops. In the current study, we identified the risk factors for attrition due to injuries and physical fitness failure in recruit training. A va...

    Authors: Robin M. Orr, Bruce S. Cohen, Stephen C. Allison, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Edward J. Zambraski and Mark Jaffrey

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:26

    Content type: Research

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  28. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide. BCG is an effective vaccine, but not widely used in many parts of the world due to a variety of issues. Mycobacterium vaccae (M. vaccae) is another vaccine used...

    Authors: Wen-Ping Gong, Yan Liang, Yan-Bo Ling, Jun-Xian Zhang, You-Rong Yang, Lan Wang, Jie Wang, Ying-Chang Shi and Xue-Qiong Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:25

    Content type: Research

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  29. The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) Operational Research Kit-Actigraphy (WORK-A) is a set of unique practice parameters and actigraphy-derived measures for the analysis of operational military s...

    Authors: Jaime K. Devine, Jake Choynowski, Tina Burke, Kajsa Carlsson, Vincent F. Capaldi, Ashlee B. McKeon and Walter J. Sowden

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:31

    Content type: Methodology

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  30. Many healthcare workers were infected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) early in the epidemic posing a big challenge for epidemic control. Hence, this study aims to explore perceived infection routes, inf...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Qiao Huang, Yun-Yun Wang, Xian-Tao Zeng, Li-Sha Luo, Zhen-Yu Pan, Yu-Feng Yuan, Zhi-Min Chen, Zhen-Shun Cheng, Xing Huang, Na Wang, Bing-Hui Li, Hao Zi, Ming-Juan Zhao, Lin-Lu Ma, Tong Deng…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:24

    Content type: Research

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  31. Intracranial infection after craniotomy is one of the most serious postoperative complications, especially multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) bacterial meningitis, and strongly affec...

    Authors: Li Zhong, Xue-Zhi Shi, Lei Su and Zhi-Feng Liu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Limb loss has a drastic impact on a patient’s life. Severe trauma to the extremities is common in current military conflicts. Among other aspects, “life before limb” damage control surgery hinders immediate re...

    Authors: Alexander Kaltenborn, Nicco Krezdorn, Sebastian Hoffmann, André Gutcke, Kirsten Haastert-Talini, Peter M. Vogt, Axel Haverich and Bettina Wiegmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:21

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  33. LL-37 peptide is a member of the human cathelicidin family, and has been shown to promote the healing of pressure ulcers. However, the low stability of this peptide within the wound environment limits its clin...

    Authors: Xu Yang, Jing-Lin Guo, Jing Han, Rui-Juan Si, Pan-Pan Liu, Zi-Rui Zhang, Ai-Min Wang and Ju Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:20

    Content type: Research

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  34. Since December 2019, a novel type of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan led to an outbreak throughout China and the rest of the world. To date, there have been more than 1,260,000 COVID-19 patients, with ...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Gang Wang, Wei Zhang, Yang Zhang, Wei-Qin Li and Zhou Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:19

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  35. On 6 February 2020, our team had published a rapid advice guideline for diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection, and this guideline provided our experience and make well referen...

    Authors: Yun-Yun Wang, Ying-Hui Jin, Xue-Qun Ren, Yi-Rong Li, Xiao-Chun Zhang, Xian-Tao Zeng and Xing-Huan Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:17

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:16

  36. In this Commentary, we would like to comment on the article titled “A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)” as a fe...

    Authors: Ting-Ting Zhou and Feng-Xian Wei

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:16

    Content type: Commentary

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:17

  37. Thrombocytopenia is a common complication of critical care patients. The rates of bleeding events and mortality are also significantly increased in critical care patients with thrombocytopenia. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Shu-Yuan Liu, Feng Zhu, Ai-Qing Wen, Lin-Hao Ma, Wei-Qin Li and Jun Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:15

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  38. None of study mentioned about contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in people who have received contrast agents twice within in a short period of time. This study is trying to identify the predictors.

    Authors: Chong-Huai Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Ya-Ling Han, Quan-Min Jing, Li-Li Ren, Yan Zhang, Jun-Yin Peng and Xin Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:14

    Content type: Research

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  39. In the original publication of this article [1] there are two garbled codes in the second sentence, the fourth paragraph of the Background section. The correct sentence should be: Tumor growth leads to the inc...

    Authors: İbrahim Mungan, Çilem Bayındır Dicle, Şerife Bektaş, Sema Sarı, Serdar Yamanyar, Mine Çavuş, Sema Turan and Erdal Birol Bostancı

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:12

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:9

  40. An acute respiratory disease, caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2, previously known as 2019-nCoV), the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread throughout China and received worldwide attention. On...

    Authors: Yan-Rong Guo, Qing-Dong Cao, Zhong-Si Hong, Yuan-Yang Tan, Shou-Deng Chen, Hong-Jun Jin, Kai-Sen Tan, De-Yun Wang and Yan Yan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:11

    Content type: Review

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  41. The impact of sleep disorders on active-duty soldiers’ medical readiness is not currently quantified. Patient data generated at military treatment facilities can be accessed to create research reports and thus...

    Authors: Jaime K. Devine, Jacob Collen, Jake J. Choynowski and Vincent Capaldi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Gastric cancer is the 2nd most common cause of cancer-related deaths, and the morbidity rate after surgery is reported to be as high as 46%. The estimation of possible complications, morbidity, and mortality a...

    Authors: İbrahim Mungan, Çilem Bayındır Dicle, Şerife Bektaş, Sema Sarı, Serdar Yamanyar, Mine Çavuş, Sema Turan and Erdal Birol Bostancı

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:12

  43. Methodological quality (risk of bias) assessment is an important step before study initiation usage. Therefore, accurately judging study type is the first priority, and the choosing proper tool is also importa...

    Authors: Lin-Lu Ma, Yun-Yun Wang, Zhi-Hua Yang, Di Huang, Hong Weng and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:7

    Content type: Review

    Published on: