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  1. Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    The emergency treatment of thoracic injuries varies of general conditions and modern warfare. However, there are no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for thoracic injuries in the Chinese People’s Libera...

    Authors: Zhao-Wen Zong, Zhi-Nong Wang, Si-Xu Chen, Hao Qin, Lian-Yang Zhang, Yue Shen, Lei Yang, Wen-Qiong Du, Can Chen, Xin Zhong, Lin Zhang, Jiang-Tao Huo, Li-Ping Kuai, Li-Xin Shu, Guo-Fu Du and Yu-Feng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:34

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  2. Content type: Research

    Hypoxia is a primary cause of mountain sickness and a common pathological condition in patients with heart failure, shock, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus far, little advancement...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yu-Qi Gao, Yi-Xing Gao, Gang Wu, Jian-Yang Zhang and Wen-Xiang Gao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:33

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  3. Content type: Review

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic impairment disorder that occurs after exposure to traumatic events. This disorder can result in a disturbance to individual and family functioning, causing sig...

    Authors: Xue-Rong Miao, Qian-Bo Chen, Kai Wei, Kun-Ming Tao and Zhi-Jie Lu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:32

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  4. Content type: Research

    Junctional hemorrhage surpassed extremity hemorrhage as the leading cause of preventable death after the resurgence of limb tourniquets during the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Junctional tournique...

    Authors: Ismael Flecha, Jason F. Naylor, Steven G. Schauer, Ryan A. Curtis and Cord W. Cunningham

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:31

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    The pubic region is often involved in accidental hot water or soup-spill burns. Most of these wounds are superficial partial thickness burns. Due to their proximity to the urinary system, as well as vaginal an...

    Authors: Jia-Jun Feng, Jia Le See, Abby Choke, Adrian Ooi and Si Jack Chong

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:29

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  6. Content type: Research

    Heavy backpacks are often used by soldiers and firefighters. Weight carrying could reduce the speed and efficiency in task completion by altering the foot sole sensitivity and postural control.

    Authors: Yves Jammes, Eva Ferrand, Corentin Fraud, Alain Boussuges and Jean Paul Weber

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:28

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  7. Content type: Perspective

    A wide spectrum of scenarios may lead to radiation incidents and the liberation of radioactive material. In the case of a terrorist attack by a “dirty bomb”, there is a risk of mechanical and thermal trauma, e...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Benjamin Becker, Stefan Eder, Andreas Lamkowski, Michael Abend and Matthias Port

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:27

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  8. Content type: Research

    Acute lung injury (ALI) is a major component of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) following pulmonary and systemic infection. Alveolar macrophages (AMϕ) are at the center of ALI pathogenesis. Emerging...

    Authors: Zhi-Gang Li, Melanie J. Scott, Tomasz Brzóska, Prithu Sundd, Yue-Hua Li, Timothy R. Billiar, Mark A. Wilson, Ping Wang and Jie Fan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:24

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  9. Content type: Research

    The activities carried out by soldiers in the army involve great physical demands and require intense trainings to perform combat-specific tasks. Musculoskeletal injury is a potential threat to the health and ...

    Authors: Michele Zukauskas de Andrade Gomes and Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:23

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  10. Content type: Research

    The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of different uphill and downhill gradients on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses of soldiers while carrying heavy military loads in two different...

    Authors: Subhojit Chatterjee, Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Suranjana Sen and Madhusudan Pal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:26

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  11. Content type: Review

    With the development of radiotherapeutic oncology, computer technology and medical imaging technology, radiation therapy has made great progress. Research on the impact and the specific mechanism of radiation ...

    Authors: Jin-song Wang, Hai-juan Wang and Hai-li Qian

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:20

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  12. Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    The characteristics and treatment of pelvic fractures vary between general conditions and modern war. An expert consensus has been reached based on pelvic injury epidemiology and the concepts of battlefield tr...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Si-xu Chen, Hao Qin, Hua-ping Liang, Lei Yang and Yu-feng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:21

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  13. Content type: Research

    In combat operations, patients with traumatic injuries require expeditious evacuation to improve survival. Studies have shown that long transport times are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Li...

    Authors: Joseph K. Maddry, Crystal A. Perez, Alejandra G. Mora, Jill D. Lear, Shelia C. Savell and Vikhyat S. Bebarta

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:22

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  14. Content type: Research

    The European Union Training Mission Mali (EUTM MLI) is a multinational military training deployment to the Western African tropical nation of Mali. Based on routinely collected disease and non-battle injury su...

    Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Florian Geiselbrechtinger and Nagpal Hoysal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:19

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  15. Content type: Review

    Sufficient sleep duration and good sleep quality are crucial to ensure normal physical and mental health, cognition and work performance for the common people, as well as astronauts. On-orbit sleep problem is ...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Yue Wang, Xiaorui Wu, Dong Liu, Dong Xu and Fei Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:17

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  16. Content type: Research

    Ballistics gelatin is a common tissue surrogate used in bacterial contamination models for projectile wounds. Although these studies have demonstrated that bacteria are transferred from the surface of the gela...

    Authors: Jessica J. Evans, Aaron Bost, Karim H. Muci-Küchler and Linda C. DeVeaux

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:16

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  17. Content type: Research

    Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patie...

    Authors: Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar and Davood Rahimpoor

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:15

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  18. Content type: Review

    Type A lactic acidosis resulted from hypoxic mitochondrial dysfunction is an independent predictor of mortality for critically ill patients. However, current therapeutic agents are still in shortage and can ev...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Ya Huang, Jing Yang, Fang-Qiang Zhou, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:13

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  19. Content type: Research

    The diagnosis of bacterium-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and extra-pulmonary TB is challenging clinically. The detection of the anti-TB antibody has an important, auxiliary, clinical diagnostic value. T...

    Authors: Xue-Juan Bai, You-Rong Yang, Jian-Qin Liang, Hui-Ru An, Jie Wang, Yan-Bo Ling, Zhong-Yuan Wang and Xue-Qiong Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:10

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  20. Content type: Review

    Currently, ionizing radiation (IR) plays a key role in the agricultural and medical industry, while accidental exposure resulting from leakage of radioactive sources or radiological terrorism is a serious conc...

    Authors: Rasoul Yahyapour, Peyman Amini, Saeed Rezapour, Mohsen Cheki, Abolhasan Rezaeyan, Bagher Farhood, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Hengameh Fallah and Masoud Najafi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:9

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  21. Content type: Review

    The dynamic nature of modern warfare, including threats and injuries faced by soldiers, necessitates the development of countermeasures that address a wide variety of injuries. Tissue engineering has emerged a...

    Authors: Chinedu Cletus Ude, Azizi Miskon, Ruszymah Bt Hj Idrus and Muhamad Bin Abu Bakar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:7

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  22. Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    The accurate assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries are the basis for triage and treatment of combat casualties. A consensus on the assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries was made and discussed at th...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Lian-yang Zhang, Hao Qin, Si-xu Chen, Lin Zhang, Lei Yang, Xiao-xue Li, Quan-wei Bao, Dao-cheng Liu, Si-hao He, Yue Shen, Rong Zhang, Yu-feng Zhao and Xiao-zheng Zhong

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:6

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  23. Content type: Research

    Repeat hospitalizations in veterans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are understudied. The early readmission rate and potentially modifiable risk-factors for 90-day readmission in veterans with IBD were s...

    Authors: Ashish Malhotra, Parkpoom Phatharacharukul and Charat Thongprayoon

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:5

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  24. Content type: Research

    Chronic diseases cause a tremendous burden to the military medical system. However, the prevalence rates of major chronic diseases among military officers remain unclear in China.

    Authors: Thermite Mara, Long-Teng Ma, Shuo Wang, Ling Wang, Fan Yang, Jia-Hui Song, Yi-Chun Cao, Jian-Hua Yin and Guang-Wen Cao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:4

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  25. Content type: Review

    The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are c...

    Authors: Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush and Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:1

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  26. Content type: Research

    Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symp...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Johnson, David L. Albright, James R. Marzolf, Jessica L. Bibbo, Hayley D. Yaglom, Sandra M. Crowder, Gretchen K. Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L. Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman and Nathan Harms

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:3

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  27. Content type: Research

    Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mir...

    Authors: Catherine L. Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Jared F. Cook, Sean L. Simpson, Sung W. Lee and Charles H. Tegeler

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:38

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  28. Content type: Research

    The ankle-foot injuries are among the war-related injuries that cause many serious secondary problems for a lifetime. This nationwide study aimed to assess health-related quality of life and the ability to per...

    Authors: Mostafa Allami, Amir Yavari, Amir Karimi, Mehdi Masoumi, Mohammadreza Soroush and Elahe Faraji

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:37

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  29. Content type: Research

    Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition of pain induced by exercise, and it is characterized by muscle swelling and impaired muscle function in the lower leg. Given the diversity in the d...

    Authors: Mariëtte Z. Meulekamp, Peter van der Wurff, Alfred van der Meer and Cees Lucas

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:36

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  30. Content type: Research

    Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease with a high incidence rate in the Chinese army, which directly disturbs military training and affects soldiers’ health. Influenza surveillance systems are w...

    Authors: Jian Wang, Hui-Suo Yang, Bing Deng, Meng-Jing Shi, Xiang-Da Li, Qing-Gong Nian, Wen-Jing Song, Feng Bing and Qing-Feng Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:35

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  31. Content type: Research

    Wounded personnel who work at sea often encounter a plethora of difficulties. The most important of these difficulties is seawater immersion. Common medical dressings have little effect when the affected area ...

    Authors: Xian-Rong Shen, Xiu-Li Chen, Hai-Xia Xie, Ying He, Wei Chen, Qun Luo, Wei-Hong Yuan, Xue Tang, Deng-Yong Hou, Ding-Wen Jiang and Qing-Rong Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:33

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  32. Content type: Review

    Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are serious problems for healthcare systems, especially in developing countries where public health infrastructure and technology for infection preventions remain undevelope...

    Authors: Sanjeewa Jayachandra Rajakaruna, Wen-Bin Liu, Yi-Bo Ding and Guang-Wen Cao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:32

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  33. Content type: Research

    Dietary supplement use (protein/amino acids, weight-loss supplements, performance enhancers) is common among U.S. military members. Reported dietary supplement use in deployed troops is limited and is of conce...

    Authors: Shawn M. Varney, Patrick C. Ng, Crystal A. Perez, Allyson A. Araña, Edwin R. Austin, Rosemarie G. Ramos and Vikhyat S. Bebarta

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:34

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  34. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    L. David Marquet, a decorated Navy Captain, transformed an underperforming submarine crew by empowering his subordinates to be leaders and reach their full potential. He called this intent-based leadership (IB...

    Authors: Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Rebecca Oney, Sungjin A. Song and Macario Camacho

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:31

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  35. Content type: Research

    Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with ...

    Authors: Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji and Zohreh Ganjparvar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:30

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  36. Content type: Review

    This study concerns the effects of microwave on health because they pervade diverse fields of our lives. The brain has been recognized as one of the organs that is most vulnerable to microwave radiation. There...

    Authors: Wei-Jia Zhi, Li-Feng Wang and Xiang-Jun Hu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:29

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  37. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Despite the passage of time, a large number of veterans are still affected by injuries acquired during Iran-Iraq war. In addition to their primary injuries, the majority of veterans also experience difficulty ...

    Authors: Mostafa Allami and Mohammadreza Soroush

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:28

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  38. Content type: Research

    Particulate matter (PM), which has adverse effects on citizen health, is a major air pollutant in Beijing city. PM2.5 is an indicator of PM in urban areas and can cause serious damage to human health. Many epidem...

    Authors: Hui Peng, Xiao-Hong Zhao, Ting-Ting Bi, Xiao-Yan Yuan, Jia-Bin Guo and Shuang-Qing Peng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:27

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Craniocerebral gunshot injury refers to a wound caused by a bullet passing through or lodged in brain tissue, resulting in the loss of function of a certain area or other fatal damage to the human brain. Crani...

    Authors: Qi-Yong Mei, Yao Li, Chao He, Hong-Wei Shan, Yun-Kun Wang, Yan Dong, Ming-Kun Yu and Li-Jun Hou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:26

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