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  1. Fluid overload (FO) after resuscitation is frequent and contributes to adverse outcomes among postinjury open abdomen (OA) patients. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a promising tool for monitoring fl...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Shi-Long Sun, Xin-Yu Wang, Cheng-Nan Chu, Ze-Hua Duan, Chao Yang, Bao-Chen Liu, Wei-Wei Ding, Wei-Qin Li and Jie-Shou Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:36

    Content type: Research

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  2. An adequate hydration status is critical to ensure efficiency during mental and physical activities. Our goal was to assess the hydration status of a Spanish group of aeronautical military men and to determine...

    Authors: Alejandra Carretero-Krug, Natalia Úbeda, Carlos Velasco, Juan Medina-Font, Trinidad Trujillo Laguna, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras and Ana Montero

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:35

    Content type: Research

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  3. The traditional Chinese medicine NiuBeiXiaoHe (NBXH) extract and Chinese medicine preparation JieHeWan (JHW) exhibit anti-tuberculosis effects. The anti- tuberculosis effect of NBXH was compared with that of J...

    Authors: Li-Yao Duan, Yan Liang, Wen-Ping Gong, Yong Xue, Jie Mi, Jie Wang, Lan Wang, Zai-Xing Jia, Hong Lei, Yu-Mei Liang, Jun Liu, Yue Zheng and Xue-Qiong Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:34

    Content type: Research

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  4. The vital signs of trauma patients are complex and changeable, and the prediction of blood transfusion demand mainly depends on doctors’ experience and trauma scoring system; therefore, it cannot be accurately...

    Authors: Yan-Nan Feng, Zhen-Hua Xu, Jun-Ting Liu, Xiao-Lin Sun, De-Qing Wang and Yang Yu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:33

    Content type: Research

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  5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but its use remains low among U.S. military men who have sex with men (MSM), likely due to mis-matching with personal pref...

    Authors: José I. Gutierrez, Alex Dubov, Frederick L. Altice and David Vlahov

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:32

    Content type: Research

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  6. In response to an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) within a cluster of Navy personnel in Sri Lanka commencing from 22nd April 2020, an aggressive outbreak management program was launched by the ...

    Authors: N. W. A. N. Y. Wijesekara, Nayomi Herath, K. A. L. C. Kodituwakku, H. D. B. Herath, Samitha Ginige, Thilanga Ruwanpathirana, Manjula Kariyawasam, Sudath Samaraweera, Anuruddha Herath, Senarupa Jayawardena and Deepa Gamge

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:31

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. Aeromedical evacuation of patients with burn trauma is an important transport method in times of peace and war, during which patients are exposed to prolonged periods of hypobaric hypoxia; however, the effects...

    Authors: Meng-Jing Xiao, Xiao-Fang Zou, Bin Li, Bao-Long Li, Shi-Jian Wu and Bo Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:30

    Content type: Research

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  8. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is also a combat-related injury that is increasing in modern warfare. The aim of this work is to inform medical experts regarding the different course of bladder cancer in ab...

    Authors: Ralf Böthig, Christian Tiburtius, Wolfgang Schöps, Michael Zellner, Oliver Balzer, Birgitt Kowald, Sven Hirschfeld, Roland Thietje, Aki Pietsch, Ines Kurze, Martin Forchert, Thura Kadhum and Klaus Golka

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:29

    Content type: Research

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  9. Tension pneumothorax is one of the leading causes of preventable death on the battlefield. Current prehospital diagnosis relies on a subjective clinical impression complemented by a manual thoracic and respira...

    Authors: Adir Sommer, Noy Mark, Gavriel D. Kohlberg, Rafi Gerasi, Linn Wagnert Avraham, Ruth Fan-Marko, Arik Eisenkraft and Dean Nachman

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:27

    Content type: Research

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  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Meng-Meng Yang, Lu Wang, Yu Zhang, Rui Yuan, Yan Zhao, Jie Hu, Fei-Hu Zhou and Hong-Jun Kang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:26

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:40

  11. Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is caused by post-traumatic tissue injury and manifests as hypercoagulability that leads to thromboembolism or hypocoagulability that leads to uncontrollable massive hemorrhag...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Li-Kun Yang, Wei Zhao, Feng Zhu, Gang Wang, Yao-Peng Chen and Wei-Qin Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:25

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    Published on:

  12. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: An-Dong Zhao, Hua Qin, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:24

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:42

  13. Studies have revealed the protective effect of DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) against diseases associated with ischemic hypoxia. However, the role of NBP in animals with hypobaric hypoxia has not been elucidated....

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yi-Kun Shi, Bin-Da Sun, Lu Liu, Guo-Ji E., Shu He, Jian-Yang Zhang, Bao Liu, Qiu Hu, Jian Chen, Yu-Qi Gao and Er-Long Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:23

    Content type: Research

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  14. To develop an effective model of predicting fatal outcomes in the severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

    Authors: Yun Yang, Xiao-Fei Zhu, Jian Huang, Cui Chen, Yang Zheng, Wei He, Ling-Hao Zhao, Qian Gao, Xuan-Xuan Huang, Li-Juan Fu, Yu Zhang, Yan-Qin Chang, Huo-Jun Zhang and Zhi-Jie Lu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:21

    Content type: Research

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  15. Battlefield internal medicine aims at the treatment of combatants and noncombatants with various internal diseases on the battlefield. The military medical research on battlefield internal diseases focuses on ...

    Authors: Guang-Dong Liu, Nan Wang, Hai-Ming Wang, Xin Li, Jun-Jie Shao, Zi-Fan Liu, Min Jiang, Lin Wang, Zi-Kai Wang, Meng Li, Xue-Ying Cao, Jiang Wang, Ran Zhang and Yun-Dai Chen

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:20

    Content type: Review

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  16. Invasive Trichosporon asahii (T. asahii) infection frequently occurs with a high mortality in immunodeficient hosts, but the pathogenesis of T. asahii infection remains elusive. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a typ...

    Authors: Ming-Wang Zhang, Zhi-Hong Zhu, Zhi-Kuan Xia, Xin Yang, Wan-Ting Luo, Jun-Hong Ao and Rong-Ya Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:19

    Content type: Research

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  17. Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) both play an important role in the treatment of wounds. This study aims to explore the effects of the combination of VSD and EGF on wound healing...

    Authors: Shuai Wei, Wei Wang, Li Li, Hao-Ye Meng, Chun-Zhen Feng, Yu-Ying Dong, Xi-Chi Fang, Qi-Qiang Dong, Wen Jiang, Hai-Li Xin, Zhan-Zhen Li and Xin Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:18

    Content type: Research

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  18. Postoperative care has been evolving since the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was introduced in China. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early ambulation within 24 h after unilater...

    Authors: Yi-Ting Lei, Jin-Wei Xie, Qiang Huang, Wei Huang and Fu-Xing Pei

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:17

    Content type: Research

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  19. Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5)-mediated pathways play critical roles in regulating the hepatic immune response and show hepatoprotective effects in mouse models of hepatic diseases. However, the role of TLR5 in e...

    Authors: Wen Zhang, Lei Wang, Xue-Hua Sun, Xian Liu, Yang Xiao, Jie Zhang, Ting Wang, Hui Chen, Yi-Qun Zhan, Miao Yu, Chang-Hui Ge, Chang-Yan Li, Guang-Ming Ren, Rong-Hua Yin and Xiao-Ming Yang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:16

    Content type: Research

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  20. Technological advancements in modern military and acrobatic jet planes have resulted in extraordinary psychophysiological loads being exerted upon flying personnel, including inducing neck and back pain. The p...

    Authors: Monika Rausch, Frank Weber, Sven Kühn, Carla Ledderhos, Christoph Zinner and Billy Sperlich

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:15

    Content type: Research

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  21. The potential association between medical resources and the proportion of oldest-old (90 years of age and above) in the Chinese population was examined, and we found that the higher proportion of oldest-old wa...

    Authors: Chao Tan, Cai-Zhi Tang, Xing-Shu Chen and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:14

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  22. Until January 18, 2021, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 93 million individuals and has caused a certain degree of panic. Viral pneumonia caused by common viruses such as respiratory ...

    Authors: Guang-Li Ren, Xian-Feng Wang, Jun Xu, Jun Li, Qiong Meng, Guo-Qiang Xie, Bo Huang, Wei-Chun Zhu, Jing Lin, Cheng-He Tang, Sheng Ye, Zhuo Li, Jie Zhu, Zhen Tang, Ming-Xin Ma, Cong Xie…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. We published rapid advice guidelines and updated guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management on February 6, 2020, and September 4, 2020, respectively. These two guidelines vary widely in thei...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Xiao-Mei Yao and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:10

    Content type: Letter to the editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:41

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

  24. The present moment is not the first time that America has found itself at war with a pathogen during a time of international conflict. Between crowded barracks at home and trenches abroad, wartime conditions h...

    Authors: Lauren K. Dutton, Peter C. Rhee, Alexander Y. Shin, Richard J. Ehrlichman and Richard J. Shemin

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:8

    Content type: Perspective

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:11

  25. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a pathogen that has caused a rapidly spreading pandemic all over the world. The primary mean of tra...

    Authors: Deniz Esin Tekcan Sanli, Duzgun Yildirim, Ahmet Necati Sanli, Suha Turkmen, Neval Erozan, Guray Husmen, Aytug Altundag and Filiz Tuzuner

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:7

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  26. Cold injury refers to local or systemic injury caused by a rapid, massive loss of body heat in a cold environment. The incidence of cold injury is high. However, the current situation regarding the diagnosis a...

    Authors: Hong-Xu Jin, Yue Teng, Jing Dai and Xiao-Dong Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:6

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    Published on:

  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Laurent Mathieu, Soryapong Plang, Nicolas de l’Escalopier, James Charles Murison, Christophe Gaillard, Antoine Bertani and Frédéric Rongieras

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:4

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:51

  28. In radiological emergencies with radionuclide incorporation, decorporation treatment is particularly effective if started early. Treating all people potentially contaminated (“urgent treatment”) may require la...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Patrick Ostheim, Stefan Eder, Cornelius Hermann, Michael Abend and Matthias Port

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:3

    Content type: Perspective

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  29. Wound healing, tissue repair and regenerative medicine are in great demand, and great achievements in these fields have been made. The traditional strategy of tissue repair and regeneration has focused on the ...

    Authors: Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:2

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  30. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused millions of infections and deaths worldwide since its emergence in December 2019. As ...

    Authors: Dan-Dan Li and Qi-Han Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. Low back pain is the most common spinal disorder among soldiers, and load carriage training (LCT) is considered the main cause. We aimed to investigate changes in the spine system of soldiers after LCT at high...

    Authors: Hao Qu, Ling-Jia Yu, Ju-Tai Wu, Gang Liu, Sheng-Hui Liu, Peng Teng, Li Ding and Yu Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The relationship between physical and psychopathological features in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) has been a subject of constant interest, but no data are available in adolescents. Therefore, we aimed...

    Authors: Shin-Heon Lee, Myeong-Jin Ko, Taek-Kyun Nam, Jeong-Taik Kwon and Yong-Sook Park

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. In 2019, an outbreak of Mycoplasma pneumoniae occurred at a military academy in China. The attack rate (10.08%,60/595) was significantly different among the units. High-intensity training and crowded environments...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Min-Na Han, Jing-Hui Dong, Xiao-Xi Li, Xian-Yun Hu, Zhi Wang, En-Qiang Qin, Jing Li, Jun-Yuan Tan, Fu-Sheng Wang and Lei Huang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:60

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  34. On October 5th, 2020, Drs. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice were rewarded with Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for “the discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV)”. During the past 50 year...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Chao Zhang, Ji-Jing Shi, Ji-Yuan Zhang and Fu-Sheng Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:59

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  35. Cytokines are essential cellular modulators of various physiological and pathological activities, including peripheral nerve repair and regeneration. However, the molecular changes of these cellular mediators ...

    Authors: Rui-Rui Zhang, Sai-Ling Chen, Zhang-Chun Cheng, Yin-Ying Shen, Sheng Yi and Hui Xu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Plasma expanders are widely used for acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH). However, existing studies have not focused on large-volume infusion with colloidal plasma expanders, and there is a lack of studies t...

    Authors: Guo-Xing You, Bing-Ting Li, Zhen Wang, Quan Wang, Ying Wang, Jing-Xiang Zhao, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Compared with non-degradable materials, biodegradable biomaterials play an increasingly important role in the repairing of severe bone defects, and have attracted extensive attention from researchers. In the t...

    Authors: Shuai Wei, Jian-Xiong Ma, Lai Xu, Xiao-Song Gu and Xin-Long Ma

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:54

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is the mildest form of acute altitude illnesses, and consists of non-specific symptoms when unacclimatized persons ascend to elevation of ≥2500 m. Risk factors of AMS include: the...

    Authors: Yang Shen, Yuan-Qi Yang, Chuan Liu, Jie Yang, Ji-Hang Zhang, Jun Jin, Hu Tan, Fang-Zheng-Yuan Yuan, Jing-Bin Ke, Chun-Yan He, Lai-Ping Zhang, Chen Zhang, Jie Yu and Lan Huang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Generation of neurons is essential in cell replacement therapy for neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s disease. Several studies have reported the generation of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from mouse and...

    Authors: Hua Qin, An-Dong Zhao, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Soft tissue reconstruction is typically conducted after evacuation from theater of operations. If circumstances do not allow timely evacuation, however, defect site may need to be reconstructed in the combat z...

    Authors: Laurent Mathieu, Soryapong Plang, Nicolas de l’Escalopier, James Charles Murison, Christophe Gaillard, Antoine Bertani and Frédéric Rongieras

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:51

    Content type: Case series

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:4

  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Denise S. Ryan, Rose K. Sia, Jennifer B. Eaddy, Lorie A. Logan, Jide O. Familoni, Hind Beydoun, Samantha B. Rodgers and Bruce A. Rivers

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:50

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:2