Skip to main content



Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research

    In the military, insufficient postural stability is a risk factor for developing lower extremity injuries. Postural stability training programs are effective in preventing these injuries. However, an objective...

    Authors: Saskia Maria Theresia van der Heijden, Maarten Reinders Prins and Peter van der Wurff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:21

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research

    Deep body temperature is a critical indicator of heat strain. However, direct measures are often invasive, costly, and difficult to implement in the field. This study assessed the agreement between deep body t...

    Authors: Andrew P. Hunt, Mark J. Buller, Matthew J. Maley, Joseph T. Costello and Ian B. Stewart

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:20

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Case Report

    Orbital fractures are common injuries found in facial trauma. Typical etiologies of orbital fractures include motor vehicle collisions and assault. We report the case of a 32-year-old male who suffered an orbi...

    Authors: Timothy E. Holland, David M. Smith, Guy N. Gibson and Jared G. Brinkerhoff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:17

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Review

    Visual prostheses serve to restore visual function following acquired blindness. Acquired blindness (as opposed to congenital blindness) has many causes, including diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa, glauco...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Mirochnik and John S. Pezaris

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:19

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In this letter to the Editor, we would like to comment on the article by Betcher et al., concerning the possibility of teaching military trainees to obtain accurate optic nerve sheath diameter measurements, us...

    Authors: Maddalena De Bernardo, Livio Vitiello, Palmiro Cornetta and Nicola Rosa

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:16

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research

    Sleep disorders frequently occur in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. Chronic insomnia is a common feature of and criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD. Another sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apne...

    Authors: Barry J. Krakow, Natalia D. McIver, Jessica J. Obando and Victor A. Ulibarri

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:15

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in both males and females worldwide. In Thailand, the National Health Examination Surveys reported that the prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) am...

    Authors: Panadda Hatthachote, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin and Boonsub Sakboonyarat

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:13

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research Article

    The aim of this work is to detect and compare the peripheral blood miRNA expression profiles in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) 2, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after injury at high altitude and to p...

    Authors: Si-qing Ma, Xue-xia Xu, Zong-zhao He, Xin-hui Li and Jun-ming Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:12

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Review

    With improvements in personnel and vehicular body armor, robust casualty evacuation capabilities, and damage control resuscitation strategies, more combat casualties are surviving to reach higher levels of car...

    Authors: Kelly B. Thompson, Luke T. Krispinsky and Ryan J. Stark

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:11

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research

    This study examines the relationship between coping strategies and symptoms of anxiety or depression among Dutch servicemembers deployed to Afghanistan.

    Authors: Loes G. M. de Kruijff, Olivia R. M. Moussault, Marie-Christine J. Plat, Rigo Hoencamp and Peter van der Wurff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:9

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Review

    Inhalation injury is often associated with burns and significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The main toxic components of fire smoke are carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and irritants. In the case o...

    Authors: Tian-Tian Yan, Guo-An Lin, Min-Jie Wang, Andreas Lamkowski, Matthias Port and Alexis Rump

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:10

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research

    The impact of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan on the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military service members has been poorly quantified. The purpose of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Kenneth L. Cameron, Rodney X. Sturdivant and Susan P. Baker

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:8

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research

    Since 2001, the French Armed Forces have sustained many casualties during the Global War on Terror; however, even today, there is no French Military trauma registry. Some French service members (SMs) were trea...

    Authors: Marc A. Schweizer, Jud C. Janak, Zsolt T. Stockinger and Tristan Monchal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:7

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Position article and guidelines

    The battlefield treatments of spinal and spinal cord injury vary from civilian settings. However, there is no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for spine trauma in PLA. An expert consensus is reached, b...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Hao Qin, Si-xu Chen, Jia-zhi Yang, Lei Yang, Lin Zhang, Wen-qiong Du, Xin Zhong, Ren-jie Zhou, Dan Tan and Hao Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:6

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Art therapies are a broad suite of treatments including drawing, painting and music that can facilitate non-verbal communication through artistic expression. They have been used as adjunctive therapies for a r...

    Authors: Simon R. Hunter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:5

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Case Report

    Zinner syndrome represents a rare congenital malformation of the urinary tract. It comprises a constellation of Wolffian duct anomalies and is almost exclusively encountered as a classic triad of seminal vesic...

    Authors: Evangelos N. Symeonidis, Chrysovalantis Gkekas, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Asterios Symeonidis, Christos Georgiadis, Vasileios Kalyvas, Apostolos Malioris and Michail Papathanasiou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:4

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research

    Pharyngeal and anorectal reservoirs of gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) are increasingly recognized among heterosexual women. While a number of studies performed at sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics ...

    Authors: Robert Deiss, Morgan Byrne, Sara M. Echols, Stephanie M. Cammarata, Lynda Potswald, Eduardo Gomez, Jennifer A. Curry, Eric Garges, Grace Macalino, Brian K. Agan and Mary F. Bavaro

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:3

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research

    It remains unclear if ad libitum water drinking, as a hydration strategy, prevents exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) during prolonged exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of EAH ...

    Authors: Heinrich W. Nolte, Kim Nolte and Tamara Hew-Butler

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:1

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research

    To study the influence of blood lipid levels on hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and prognosis after acute cerebral infarction (ACI).

    Authors: Gang Lv, Guo-qiang Wang, Zhen-xi Xia, Hai-xia Wang, Nan Liu, Wei Wei, Yong-hua Huang and Wei-wei Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:2

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Review

    Research has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of weight management, dietary and physical activity interventions in military settings. However, a recent and comprehensive overview is lacking. The aim ...

    Authors: Ahmad M. Malkawi, Ree M. Meertens, Stef P. J. Kremers and Ester F. C. Sleddens

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:43

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research

    Identification of elevated intracranial pressure is important following traumatic brain injury. We assessed the feasibility of educating military trainees on accurately obtaining optic nerve sheath diameter me...

    Authors: Joseph Betcher, Torben K. Becker, Peter Stoyanoff, Jim Cranford and Nik Theyyunni

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:42

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research

    Military families who have a family member with a mental illness see themselves confronted with many demands. Stigmatization is one of these challenges. Stigmatization affects not only the individual who suffe...

    Authors: Katrin Schuy, Simone Dors, Loni Brants, Marie Horzetzky, Gerd Willmund, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Zimmermann, Heinrich Rau and Stefan Siegel

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:40

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research

    It is crucial for the army to know the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in active-duty army personnel. Little information has been reported on the prevalence of OSA and clinical features in...

    Authors: Anisong Pilakasiri and Prasit Mahakit

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:39

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research

    Historically, sexually transmitted infections have affected the health of the U.S. military. To determine whether gonorrhea, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, and trichomoniasis are predictors of repeat chl...

    Authors: Christian T. Bautista, Eyako K. Wurapa, Warren B. Sateren, Bruce P. Hollingsworth and Jose L. Sanchez

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:37

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Review

    Despite efforts in prevention and intensive care, trauma and subsequent sepsis are still associated with a high mortality rate. Traumatic injury remains the main cause of death in people younger than 45 years ...

    Authors: Florian Bösch, Martin K. Angele and Irshad H. Chaudry

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:35

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    The emergency treatment of thoracic injuries varies of general conditions and modern warfare. However, there are no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for thoracic injuries in the Chinese People’s Libera...

    Authors: Zhao-Wen Zong, Zhi-Nong Wang, Si-Xu Chen, Hao Qin, Lian-Yang Zhang, Yue Shen, Lei Yang, Wen-Qiong Du, Can Chen, Xin Zhong, Lin Zhang, Jiang-Tao Huo, Li-Ping Kuai, Li-Xin Shu, Guo-Fu Du and Yu-Feng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:34

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research

    Hypoxia is a primary cause of mountain sickness and a common pathological condition in patients with heart failure, shock, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus far, little advancement...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yu-Qi Gao, Yi-Xing Gao, Gang Wu, Jian-Yang Zhang and Wen-Xiang Gao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:33

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Review

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic impairment disorder that occurs after exposure to traumatic events. This disorder can result in a disturbance to individual and family functioning, causing sig...

    Authors: Xue-Rong Miao, Qian-Bo Chen, Kai Wei, Kun-Ming Tao and Zhi-Jie Lu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:32

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research

    Junctional hemorrhage surpassed extremity hemorrhage as the leading cause of preventable death after the resurgence of limb tourniquets during the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Junctional tournique...

    Authors: Ismael Flecha, Jason F. Naylor, Steven G. Schauer, Ryan A. Curtis and Cord W. Cunningham

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:31

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Case Report

    The pubic region is often involved in accidental hot water or soup-spill burns. Most of these wounds are superficial partial thickness burns. Due to their proximity to the urinary system, as well as vaginal an...

    Authors: Jia-Jun Feng, Jia Le See, Abby Choke, Adrian Ooi and Si Jack Chong

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:29

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research

    Heavy backpacks are often used by soldiers and firefighters. Weight carrying could reduce the speed and efficiency in task completion by altering the foot sole sensitivity and postural control.

    Authors: Yves Jammes, Eva Ferrand, Corentin Fraud, Alain Boussuges and Jean Paul Weber

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:28

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Perspective

    A wide spectrum of scenarios may lead to radiation incidents and the liberation of radioactive material. In the case of a terrorist attack by a “dirty bomb”, there is a risk of mechanical and thermal trauma, e...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Benjamin Becker, Stefan Eder, Andreas Lamkowski, Michael Abend and Matthias Port

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:27

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research

    Acute lung injury (ALI) is a major component of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) following pulmonary and systemic infection. Alveolar macrophages (AMϕ) are at the center of ALI pathogenesis. Emerging...

    Authors: Zhi-Gang Li, Melanie J. Scott, Tomasz Brzóska, Prithu Sundd, Yue-Hua Li, Timothy R. Billiar, Mark A. Wilson, Ping Wang and Jie Fan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:24

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research

    The activities carried out by soldiers in the army involve great physical demands and require intense trainings to perform combat-specific tasks. Musculoskeletal injury is a potential threat to the health and ...

    Authors: Michele Zukauskas de Andrade Gomes and Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:23

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research

    The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of different uphill and downhill gradients on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses of soldiers while carrying heavy military loads in two different...

    Authors: Subhojit Chatterjee, Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Suranjana Sen and Madhusudan Pal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:26

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:14

  36. Content type: Research

    In combat operations, patients with traumatic injuries require expeditious evacuation to improve survival. Studies have shown that long transport times are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Li...

    Authors: Joseph K. Maddry, Crystal A. Perez, Alejandra G. Mora, Jill D. Lear, Shelia C. Savell and Vikhyat S. Bebarta

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:22

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    The characteristics and treatment of pelvic fractures vary between general conditions and modern war. An expert consensus has been reached based on pelvic injury epidemiology and the concepts of battlefield tr...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Si-xu Chen, Hao Qin, Hua-ping Liang, Lei Yang and Yu-feng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:21

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Review

    With the development of radiotherapeutic oncology, computer technology and medical imaging technology, radiation therapy has made great progress. Research on the impact and the specific mechanism of radiation ...

    Authors: Jin-song Wang, Hai-juan Wang and Hai-li Qian

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:20

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research

    The European Union Training Mission Mali (EUTM MLI) is a multinational military training deployment to the Western African tropical nation of Mali. Based on routinely collected disease and non-battle injury su...

    Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Florian Geiselbrechtinger and Nagpal Hoysal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:19

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Review

    Sufficient sleep duration and good sleep quality are crucial to ensure normal physical and mental health, cognition and work performance for the common people, as well as astronauts. On-orbit sleep problem is ...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Yue Wang, Xiaorui Wu, Dong Liu, Dong Xu and Fei Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:17

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research

    Ballistics gelatin is a common tissue surrogate used in bacterial contamination models for projectile wounds. Although these studies have demonstrated that bacteria are transferred from the surface of the gela...

    Authors: Jessica J. Evans, Aaron Bost, Karim H. Muci-Küchler and Linda C. DeVeaux

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:16

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research

    Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patie...

    Authors: Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar and Davood Rahimpoor

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:15

    Published on: