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  1. Many healthcare workers were infected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) early in the epidemic posing a big challenge for epidemic control. Hence, this study aims to explore perceived infection routes, inf...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Qiao Huang, Yun-Yun Wang, Xian-Tao Zeng, Li-Sha Luo, Zhen-Yu Pan, Yu-Feng Yuan, Zhi-Min Chen, Zhen-Shun Cheng, Xing Huang, Na Wang, Bing-Hui Li, Hao Zi, Ming-Juan Zhao, Lin-Lu Ma, Tong Deng…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:24

    Content type: Research

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  2. Intracranial infection after craniotomy is one of the most serious postoperative complications, especially multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) bacterial meningitis, and strongly affec...

    Authors: Li Zhong, Xue-Zhi Shi, Lei Su and Zhi-Feng Liu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Limb loss has a drastic impact on a patient’s life. Severe trauma to the extremities is common in current military conflicts. Among other aspects, “life before limb” damage control surgery hinders immediate re...

    Authors: Alexander Kaltenborn, Nicco Krezdorn, Sebastian Hoffmann, André Gutcke, Kirsten Haastert-Talini, Peter M. Vogt, Axel Haverich and Bettina Wiegmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:21

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  4. LL-37 peptide is a member of the human cathelicidin family, and has been shown to promote the healing of pressure ulcers. However, the low stability of this peptide within the wound environment limits its clin...

    Authors: Xu Yang, Jing-Lin Guo, Jing Han, Rui-Juan Si, Pan-Pan Liu, Zi-Rui Zhang, Ai-Min Wang and Ju Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:20

    Content type: Research

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  5. Since December 2019, a novel type of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan led to an outbreak throughout China and the rest of the world. To date, there have been more than 1,260,000 COVID-19 patients, with ...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Gang Wang, Wei Zhang, Yang Zhang, Wei-Qin Li and Zhou Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:19

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  6. On 6 February 2020, our team had published a rapid advice guideline for diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection, and this guideline provided our experience and make well referen...

    Authors: Yun-Yun Wang, Ying-Hui Jin, Xue-Qun Ren, Yi-Rong Li, Xiao-Chun Zhang, Xian-Tao Zeng and Xing-Huan Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:17

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:16

  7. In this Commentary, we would like to comment on the article titled “A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)” as a fe...

    Authors: Ting-Ting Zhou and Feng-Xian Wei

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:16

    Content type: Commentary

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:17

  8. Thrombocytopenia is a common complication of critical care patients. The rates of bleeding events and mortality are also significantly increased in critical care patients with thrombocytopenia. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Shu-Yuan Liu, Feng Zhu, Ai-Qing Wen, Lin-Hao Ma, Wei-Qin Li and Jun Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:15

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  9. None of study mentioned about contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in people who have received contrast agents twice within in a short period of time. This study is trying to identify the predictors.

    Authors: Chong-Huai Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Ya-Ling Han, Quan-Min Jing, Li-Li Ren, Yan Zhang, Jun-Yin Peng and Xin Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:14

    Content type: Research

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  10. In the original publication of this article [1] there are two garbled codes in the second sentence, the fourth paragraph of the Background section. The correct sentence should be: Tumor growth leads to the inc...

    Authors: İbrahim Mungan, Çilem Bayındır Dicle, Şerife Bektaş, Sema Sarı, Serdar Yamanyar, Mine Çavuş, Sema Turan and Erdal Birol Bostancı

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:12

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:9

  11. An acute respiratory disease, caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2, previously known as 2019-nCoV), the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread throughout China and received worldwide attention. On...

    Authors: Yan-Rong Guo, Qing-Dong Cao, Zhong-Si Hong, Yuan-Yang Tan, Shou-Deng Chen, Hong-Jun Jin, Kai-Sen Tan, De-Yun Wang and Yan Yan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:11

    Content type: Review

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  12. The impact of sleep disorders on active-duty soldiers’ medical readiness is not currently quantified. Patient data generated at military treatment facilities can be accessed to create research reports and thus...

    Authors: Jaime K. Devine, Jacob Collen, Jake J. Choynowski and Vincent Capaldi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:10

    Content type: Research

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  13. Gastric cancer is the 2nd most common cause of cancer-related deaths, and the morbidity rate after surgery is reported to be as high as 46%. The estimation of possible complications, morbidity, and mortality a...

    Authors: İbrahim Mungan, Çilem Bayındır Dicle, Şerife Bektaş, Sema Sarı, Serdar Yamanyar, Mine Çavuş, Sema Turan and Erdal Birol Bostancı

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:9

    Content type: Research

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  14. Methodological quality (risk of bias) assessment is an important step before study initiation usage. Therefore, accurately judging study type is the first priority, and the choosing proper tool is also importa...

    Authors: Lin-Lu Ma, Yun-Yun Wang, Zhi-Hua Yang, Di Huang, Hong Weng and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:7

    Content type: Review

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  15. In 2014, an outbreak of adenoviral pneumonia occurred in the Korean military training center. However, there are limited data on the characteristics of the fever and its response to antipyretic therapy in immu...

    Authors: Hongseok Yoo, Jimi Oh and Chul Park

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  16. Tobacco use, correlated with reduced physical fitness, is one of the leading causes of avoidable death worldwide. It increases the risk of dementia and can shorten the lifespan by 10 years. For the German Arme...

    Authors: Stefan Sammito, Annika Claus and Dirk-Matthias Rose

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  17. In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named “2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)” by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a ...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Lin Cai, Zhen-Shun Cheng, Hong Cheng, Tong Deng, Yi-Pin Fan, Cheng Fang, Di Huang, Lu-Qi Huang, Qiao Huang, Yong Han, Bo Hu, Fen Hu, Bing-Hui Li, Yi-Rong Li, Ke Liang…

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

    Content type: Position article and guideline

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:16

  18. Since the trauma knowledge of trauma providers correlates with the outcomes of injured patients, this study aims to assess the socio-demographic characteristics and levels of trauma knowledge of trainees in th...

    Authors: Hao Tang, Dong Liu, Dong Yang, Jia-Xin Tan, Xiu-Zhu Zhang, Xiang-Jun Bai, Mao Zhang and Lian-Yang Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:3

    Content type: Research

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  19. This study evaluated the VIsion PERformance (VIPER) simulator’s ability to assess the functional visual performance in warfighters conducting civilian and military tasks.

    Authors: Denise S. Ryan, Rose K. Sia, Jennifer B. Eaddy, Lorie A. Logan, Jide O. Familoni, Hind Beydoun, Samantha B. Rodgers and Bruce A. Rivers

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:2

    Content type: Research

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  20. Heat stroke (HS) is a fatal disease caused by thermal damage in the body, and it has a very high mortality rate. In 2015, the People’s Liberation Army Professional Committee of Critical Care Medicine published...

    Authors: Shu-Yuan Liu, Jing-Chun Song, Han-Ding Mao, Jin-Bao Zhao and Qing Song

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:1

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

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  21. When lowlanders rapidly ascend to altitudes > 2500 m, they may develop acute mountain sickness (AMS). The individual susceptibility, ascending velocity, time spent at altitude, activity levels and altitude rea...

    Authors: Yun-Peng Hou, Jia-Lin Wu, Chao Tan, Yu Chen, Rui Guo and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:38

    Content type: Review

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  22. The present investigation tested the efficacy of the Tennant Biomodulator, a novel pain management intervention that uses biofeedback-modulated electrical stimulation, to reduce chronic pain and its psychosoci...

    Authors: Kimberly S. Peacock, Erika Stoerkel, Salvatore Libretto, Weimin Zhang, Alice Inman, Michael Schlicher, John D. Cowsar Jr., David Eddie and Joan Walter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Stable angina is one of the most common clinical types of coronary artery disease (CAD) and associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, few studies have evaluated the risk factors asso...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Lei Huang and Lai-Xin Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  24. Both periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia are age-related diseases that affect millions of people worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal disease a...

    Authors: Lan Wu, Bing-Hui Li, Yun-Yun Wang, Chao-Yang Wang, Hao Zi, Hong Weng, Qiao Huang, You-Jia Zhu and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:34

    Content type: Research

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  25. The Persian Gulf War of 1990 to 1991 involved the deployment of nearly 700,000 American troops to the Middle East. Deployment-related exposures to toxic substances such as pesticides, nerve agents, pyridostigm...

    Authors: Jeremy E. Chester, Mazhgan Rowneki, William Van Doren and Drew A. Helmer

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:31

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  26. High-dependency units (HDUs) provide high-level care to patients who suffer from single organ failure, with the exception of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation; HDUs serve as an intermediary ...

    Authors: Chen Li, Hai-Bin Su, Xiao-Yan Liu, Li-Na Zhang and Jin-Hua Hu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:29

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  27. Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted in...

    Authors: Adam R. Kinney, Aaron M. Eakman, Rebecca Lassell and Wendy Wood

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:28

    Content type: Research

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  28. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between matched groups of military veterans and civilian patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA).

    Authors: Kate N. Jochimsen, Cale A. Jacobs and Stephen T. Duncan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  29. Dietary Reference Intakes are used to guide the energy intake of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) field rations provided to military personnel deployed for training or operations. However, the high energy expen...

    Authors: Mavra Ahmed, Iva Mandic, Wendy Lou, Len Goodman, Ira Jacobs and Mary R. L’Abbé

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. An error occurred during the publication of a number of articles in Military Medical Research.

    Authors:

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

    Content type: Publisher Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:18

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:20

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:17

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:19

  31. After publication of this article [1], it was brought to our attention that the Fig. 2 is incorrect. The correct Fig. 2 is as below:

    Authors: Marc A. Schweizer, Jud C. Janak, Zsolt T. Stockinger and Tristan Monchal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:24

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:7

  32. In modern warfare, therapy for combat injury is a critical issue to improve personnel survival and battle effectiveness. Be limited to the severe circumstance in the distant battlefield, quick and effective tr...

    Authors: Yong-ming Yao and Hui Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:23

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  33. The exogenous application of low-intensity electric stimulation (ES) may mimic a natural endogenous bioelectric current and accelerate the repair process of skin wounds. This study designed a novel microcurren...

    Authors: Chao Yu, Zhi-Xiu Xu, Yan-Hui Hao, Ya-Bing Gao, Bin-Wei Yao, Jing Zhang, Bing Wang, Zong-Qian Hu and Rui-Yun Peng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. In the military, insufficient postural stability is a risk factor for developing lower extremity injuries. Postural stability training programs are effective in preventing these injuries. However, an objective...

    Authors: Saskia Maria Theresia van der Heijden, Maarten Reinders Prins and Peter van der Wurff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  35. Deep body temperature is a critical indicator of heat strain. However, direct measures are often invasive, costly, and difficult to implement in the field. This study assessed the agreement between deep body t...

    Authors: Andrew P. Hunt, Mark J. Buller, Matthew J. Maley, Joseph T. Costello and Ian B. Stewart

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  36. Since the 1970s, terrorist bombings in subways have been frequently occurring worldwide. To cope with this threat and to provide medical response countermeasures, we analyzed the characteristics of subway bomb...

    Authors: Tie-Cheng Yan and Min Yu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  37. Orbital fractures are common injuries found in facial trauma. Typical etiologies of orbital fractures include motor vehicle collisions and assault. We report the case of a 32-year-old male who suffered an orbi...

    Authors: Timothy E. Holland, David M. Smith, Guy N. Gibson and Jared G. Brinkerhoff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:17

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  38. Visual prostheses serve to restore visual function following acquired blindness. Acquired blindness (as opposed to congenital blindness) has many causes, including diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa, glauco...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Mirochnik and John S. Pezaris

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:19

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  39. In this letter to the Editor, we would like to comment on the article by Betcher et al., concerning the possibility of teaching military trainees to obtain accurate optic nerve sheath diameter measurements, us...

    Authors: Maddalena De Bernardo, Livio Vitiello, Palmiro Cornetta and Nicola Rosa

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:16

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  40. Sleep disorders frequently occur in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. Chronic insomnia is a common feature of and criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD. Another sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apne...

    Authors: Barry J. Krakow, Natalia D. McIver, Jessica J. Obando and Victor A. Ulibarri

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on: