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  1. When lowlanders rapidly ascend to altitudes > 2500 m, they may develop acute mountain sickness (AMS). The individual susceptibility, ascending velocity, time spent at altitude, activity levels and altitude rea...

    Authors: Yun-Peng Hou, Jia-Lin Wu, Chao Tan, Yu Chen, Rui Guo and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:38

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. The present investigation tested the efficacy of the Tennant Biomodulator, a novel pain management intervention that uses biofeedback-modulated electrical stimulation, to reduce chronic pain and its psychosoci...

    Authors: Kimberly S. Peacock, Erika Stoerkel, Salvatore Libretto, Weimin Zhang, Alice Inman, Michael Schlicher, John D. Cowsar Jr., David Eddie and Joan Walter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:37

    Content type: Research

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  3. Stable angina is one of the most common clinical types of coronary artery disease (CAD) and associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, few studies have evaluated the risk factors asso...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Lei Huang and Lai-Xin Zhou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  4. Both periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia are age-related diseases that affect millions of people worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal disease a...

    Authors: Lan Wu, Bing-Hui Li, Yun-Yun Wang, Chao-Yang Wang, Hao Zi, Hong Weng, Qiao Huang, You-Jia Zhu and Xian-Tao Zeng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:34

    Content type: Research

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  5. The Persian Gulf War of 1990 to 1991 involved the deployment of nearly 700,000 American troops to the Middle East. Deployment-related exposures to toxic substances such as pesticides, nerve agents, pyridostigm...

    Authors: Jeremy E. Chester, Mazhgan Rowneki, William Van Doren and Drew A. Helmer

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:31

    Content type: Review

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  6. High-dependency units (HDUs) provide high-level care to patients who suffer from single organ failure, with the exception of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation; HDUs serve as an intermediary ...

    Authors: Chen Li, Hai-Bin Su, Xiao-Yan Liu, Li-Na Zhang and Jin-Hua Hu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:29

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted in...

    Authors: Adam R. Kinney, Aaron M. Eakman, Rebecca Lassell and Wendy Wood

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:28

    Content type: Research

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  8. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between matched groups of military veterans and civilian patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA).

    Authors: Kate N. Jochimsen, Cale A. Jacobs and Stephen T. Duncan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  9. Dietary Reference Intakes are used to guide the energy intake of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) field rations provided to military personnel deployed for training or operations. However, the high energy expen...

    Authors: Mavra Ahmed, Iva Mandic, Wendy Lou, Len Goodman, Ira Jacobs and Mary R. L’Abbé

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  10. An error occurred during the publication of a number of articles in Military Medical Research.

    Authors:

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

    Content type: Publisher Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:18

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:20

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:17

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:19

  11. After publication of this article [1], it was brought to our attention that the Fig. 2 is incorrect. The correct Fig. 2 is as below:

    Authors: Marc A. Schweizer, Jud C. Janak, Zsolt T. Stockinger and Tristan Monchal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:24

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:7

  12. In modern warfare, therapy for combat injury is a critical issue to improve personnel survival and battle effectiveness. Be limited to the severe circumstance in the distant battlefield, quick and effective tr...

    Authors: Yong-ming Yao and Hui Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:23

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  13. The exogenous application of low-intensity electric stimulation (ES) may mimic a natural endogenous bioelectric current and accelerate the repair process of skin wounds. This study designed a novel microcurren...

    Authors: Chao Yu, Zhi-Xiu Xu, Yan-Hui Hao, Ya-Bing Gao, Bin-Wei Yao, Jing Zhang, Bing Wang, Zong-Qian Hu and Rui-Yun Peng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. In the military, insufficient postural stability is a risk factor for developing lower extremity injuries. Postural stability training programs are effective in preventing these injuries. However, an objective...

    Authors: Saskia Maria Theresia van der Heijden, Maarten Reinders Prins and Peter van der Wurff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  15. Deep body temperature is a critical indicator of heat strain. However, direct measures are often invasive, costly, and difficult to implement in the field. This study assessed the agreement between deep body t...

    Authors: Andrew P. Hunt, Mark J. Buller, Matthew J. Maley, Joseph T. Costello and Ian B. Stewart

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  16. Since the 1970s, terrorist bombings in subways have been frequently occurring worldwide. To cope with this threat and to provide medical response countermeasures, we analyzed the characteristics of subway bomb...

    Authors: Tie-Cheng Yan and Min Yu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  17. Orbital fractures are common injuries found in facial trauma. Typical etiologies of orbital fractures include motor vehicle collisions and assault. We report the case of a 32-year-old male who suffered an orbi...

    Authors: Timothy E. Holland, David M. Smith, Guy N. Gibson and Jared G. Brinkerhoff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:17

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  18. Visual prostheses serve to restore visual function following acquired blindness. Acquired blindness (as opposed to congenital blindness) has many causes, including diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa, glauco...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Mirochnik and John S. Pezaris

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:19

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:25

  19. In this letter to the Editor, we would like to comment on the article by Betcher et al., concerning the possibility of teaching military trainees to obtain accurate optic nerve sheath diameter measurements, us...

    Authors: Maddalena De Bernardo, Livio Vitiello, Palmiro Cornetta and Nicola Rosa

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:16

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  20. Sleep disorders frequently occur in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. Chronic insomnia is a common feature of and criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD. Another sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apne...

    Authors: Barry J. Krakow, Natalia D. McIver, Jessica J. Obando and Victor A. Ulibarri

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in both males and females worldwide. In Thailand, the National Health Examination Surveys reported that the prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) am...

    Authors: Panadda Hatthachote, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin and Boonsub Sakboonyarat

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. The aim of this work is to detect and compare the peripheral blood miRNA expression profiles in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) 2, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after injury at high altitude and to p...

    Authors: Si-qing Ma, Xue-xia Xu, Zong-zhao He, Xin-hui Li and Jun-ming Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:12

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  23. With improvements in personnel and vehicular body armor, robust casualty evacuation capabilities, and damage control resuscitation strategies, more combat casualties are surviving to reach higher levels of car...

    Authors: Kelly B. Thompson, Luke T. Krispinsky and Ryan J. Stark

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:11

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  24. This study examines the relationship between coping strategies and symptoms of anxiety or depression among Dutch servicemembers deployed to Afghanistan.

    Authors: Loes G. M. de Kruijff, Olivia R. M. Moussault, Marie-Christine J. Plat, Rigo Hoencamp and Peter van der Wurff

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:9

    Content type: Research

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  25. Inhalation injury is often associated with burns and significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The main toxic components of fire smoke are carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and irritants. In the case o...

    Authors: Tian-Tian Yan, Guo-An Lin, Min-Jie Wang, Andreas Lamkowski, Matthias Port and Alexis Rump

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:10

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  26. The impact of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan on the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military service members has been poorly quantified. The purpose of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Kenneth L. Cameron, Rodney X. Sturdivant and Susan P. Baker

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Since 2001, the French Armed Forces have sustained many casualties during the Global War on Terror; however, even today, there is no French Military trauma registry. Some French service members (SMs) were trea...

    Authors: Marc A. Schweizer, Jud C. Janak, Zsolt T. Stockinger and Tristan Monchal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:24

  28. The battlefield treatments of spinal and spinal cord injury vary from civilian settings. However, there is no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for spine trauma in PLA. An expert consensus is reached, b...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Hao Qin, Si-xu Chen, Jia-zhi Yang, Lei Yang, Lin Zhang, Wen-qiong Du, Xin Zhong, Ren-jie Zhou, Dan Tan and Hao Wu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:6

    Content type: Position article and guidelines

    Published on:

  29. Art therapies are a broad suite of treatments including drawing, painting and music that can facilitate non-verbal communication through artistic expression. They have been used as adjunctive therapies for a r...

    Authors: Simon R. Hunter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:5

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  30. Zinner syndrome represents a rare congenital malformation of the urinary tract. It comprises a constellation of Wolffian duct anomalies and is almost exclusively encountered as a classic triad of seminal vesic...

    Authors: Evangelos N. Symeonidis, Chrysovalantis Gkekas, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Asterios Symeonidis, Christos Georgiadis, Vasileios Kalyvas, Apostolos Malioris and Michail Papathanasiou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:4

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  31. Pharyngeal and anorectal reservoirs of gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) are increasingly recognized among heterosexual women. While a number of studies performed at sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics ...

    Authors: Robert Deiss, Morgan Byrne, Sara M. Echols, Stephanie M. Cammarata, Lynda Potswald, Eduardo Gomez, Jennifer A. Curry, Eric Garges, Grace Macalino, Brian K. Agan and Mary F. Bavaro

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. It remains unclear if ad libitum water drinking, as a hydration strategy, prevents exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) during prolonged exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of EAH ...

    Authors: Heinrich W. Nolte, Kim Nolte and Tamara Hew-Butler

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. To study the influence of blood lipid levels on hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and prognosis after acute cerebral infarction (ACI).

    Authors: Gang Lv, Guo-qiang Wang, Zhen-xi Xia, Hai-xia Wang, Nan Liu, Wei Wei, Yong-hua Huang and Wei-wei Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Research has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of weight management, dietary and physical activity interventions in military settings. However, a recent and comprehensive overview is lacking. The aim ...

    Authors: Ahmad M. Malkawi, Ree M. Meertens, Stef P. J. Kremers and Ester F. C. Sleddens

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:43

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. Identification of elevated intracranial pressure is important following traumatic brain injury. We assessed the feasibility of educating military trainees on accurately obtaining optic nerve sheath diameter me...

    Authors: Joseph Betcher, Torben K. Becker, Peter Stoyanoff, Jim Cranford and Nik Theyyunni

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Military families who have a family member with a mental illness see themselves confronted with many demands. Stigmatization is one of these challenges. Stigmatization affects not only the individual who suffe...

    Authors: Katrin Schuy, Simone Dors, Loni Brants, Marie Horzetzky, Gerd Willmund, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Zimmermann, Heinrich Rau and Stefan Siegel

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  37. It is crucial for the army to know the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in active-duty army personnel. Little information has been reported on the prevalence of OSA and clinical features in...

    Authors: Anisong Pilakasiri and Prasit Mahakit

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Historically, sexually transmitted infections have affected the health of the U.S. military. To determine whether gonorrhea, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, and trichomoniasis are predictors of repeat chl...

    Authors: Christian T. Bautista, Eyako K. Wurapa, Warren B. Sateren, Bruce P. Hollingsworth and Jose L. Sanchez

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:37

    Content type: Research

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  39. Despite efforts in prevention and intensive care, trauma and subsequent sepsis are still associated with a high mortality rate. Traumatic injury remains the main cause of death in people younger than 45 years ...

    Authors: Florian Bösch, Martin K. Angele and Irshad H. Chaudry

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:35

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. The emergency treatment of thoracic injuries varies of general conditions and modern warfare. However, there are no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for thoracic injuries in the Chinese People’s Libera...

    Authors: Zhao-Wen Zong, Zhi-Nong Wang, Si-Xu Chen, Hao Qin, Lian-Yang Zhang, Yue Shen, Lei Yang, Wen-Qiong Du, Can Chen, Xin Zhong, Lin Zhang, Jiang-Tao Huo, Li-Ping Kuai, Li-Xin Shu, Guo-Fu Du and Yu-Feng Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:34

    Content type: Position article and Guidelines

    Published on:

  41. Hypoxia is a primary cause of mountain sickness and a common pathological condition in patients with heart failure, shock, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus far, little advancement...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yu-Qi Gao, Yi-Xing Gao, Gang Wu, Jian-Yang Zhang and Wen-Xiang Gao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic impairment disorder that occurs after exposure to traumatic events. This disorder can result in a disturbance to individual and family functioning, causing sig...

    Authors: Xue-Rong Miao, Qian-Bo Chen, Kai Wei, Kun-Ming Tao and Zhi-Jie Lu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:32

    Content type: Review

    Published on: