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  1. Content type: Review

    The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are c...

    Authors: Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush and Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:1

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  2. Content type: Research

    Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symp...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Johnson, David L. Albright, James R. Marzolf, Jessica L. Bibbo, Hayley D. Yaglom, Sandra M. Crowder, Gretchen K. Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L. Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman and Nathan Harms

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:3

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  3. Content type: Research

    Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mir...

    Authors: Catherine L. Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Jared F. Cook, Sean L. Simpson, Sung W. Lee and Charles H. Tegeler

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:38

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  4. Content type: Research

    The ankle-foot injuries are among the war-related injuries that cause many serious secondary problems for a lifetime. This nationwide study aimed to assess health-related quality of life and the ability to per...

    Authors: Mostafa Allami, Amir Yavari, Amir Karimi, Mehdi Masoumi, Mohammadreza Soroush and Elahe Faraji

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:37

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  5. Content type: Research

    Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition of pain induced by exercise, and it is characterized by muscle swelling and impaired muscle function in the lower leg. Given the diversity in the d...

    Authors: Mariëtte Z. Meulekamp, Peter van der Wurff, Alfred van der Meer and Cees Lucas

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:36

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  6. Content type: Research

    Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease with a high incidence rate in the Chinese army, which directly disturbs military training and affects soldiers’ health. Influenza surveillance systems are w...

    Authors: Jian Wang, Hui-Suo Yang, Bing Deng, Meng-Jing Shi, Xiang-Da Li, Qing-Gong Nian, Wen-Jing Song, Feng Bing and Qing-Feng Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:35

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  7. Content type: Research

    Wounded personnel who work at sea often encounter a plethora of difficulties. The most important of these difficulties is seawater immersion. Common medical dressings have little effect when the affected area ...

    Authors: Xian-Rong Shen, Xiu-Li Chen, Hai-Xia Xie, Ying He, Wei Chen, Qun Luo, Wei-Hong Yuan, Xue Tang, Deng-Yong Hou, Ding-Wen Jiang and Qing-Rong Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:33

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  8. Content type: Review

    Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are serious problems for healthcare systems, especially in developing countries where public health infrastructure and technology for infection preventions remain undevelope...

    Authors: Sanjeewa Jayachandra Rajakaruna, Wen-Bin Liu, Yi-Bo Ding and Guang-Wen Cao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:32

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  9. Content type: Research

    Dietary supplement use (protein/amino acids, weight-loss supplements, performance enhancers) is common among U.S. military members. Reported dietary supplement use in deployed troops is limited and is of conce...

    Authors: Shawn M. Varney, Patrick C. Ng, Crystal A. Perez, Allyson A. Araña, Edwin R. Austin, Rosemarie G. Ramos and Vikhyat S. Bebarta

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:34

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  10. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    L. David Marquet, a decorated Navy Captain, transformed an underperforming submarine crew by empowering his subordinates to be leaders and reach their full potential. He called this intent-based leadership (IB...

    Authors: Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Rebecca Oney, Sungjin A. Song and Macario Camacho

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:31

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  11. Content type: Research

    Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with ...

    Authors: Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji and Zohreh Ganjparvar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:30

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  12. Content type: Review

    This study concerns the effects of microwave on health because they pervade diverse fields of our lives. The brain has been recognized as one of the organs that is most vulnerable to microwave radiation. There...

    Authors: Wei-Jia Zhi, Li-Feng Wang and Xiang-Jun Hu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:29

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  13. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Despite the passage of time, a large number of veterans are still affected by injuries acquired during Iran-Iraq war. In addition to their primary injuries, the majority of veterans also experience difficulty ...

    Authors: Mostafa Allami and Mohammadreza Soroush

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:28

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  14. Content type: Research

    Particulate matter (PM), which has adverse effects on citizen health, is a major air pollutant in Beijing city. PM2.5 is an indicator of PM in urban areas and can cause serious damage to human health. Many epidem...

    Authors: Hui Peng, Xiao-Hong Zhao, Ting-Ting Bi, Xiao-Yan Yuan, Jia-Bin Guo and Shuang-Qing Peng

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:27

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Craniocerebral gunshot injury refers to a wound caused by a bullet passing through or lodged in brain tissue, resulting in the loss of function of a certain area or other fatal damage to the human brain. Crani...

    Authors: Qi-Yong Mei, Yao Li, Chao He, Hong-Wei Shan, Yun-Kun Wang, Yan Dong, Ming-Kun Yu and Li-Jun Hou

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:26

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  16. Content type: Review

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distr...

    Authors: Deborah A. Perlick, Frederic J. Sautter, Julia J. Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C. Grier, Alexander V. Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen and Shirley M. Glynn

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:21

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  17. Content type: Research

    The critically ill or injured patient undergoing military medical evacuation may require emergent intubation. Intubation may be life-saving, but it carries risks. The novice or infrequent laryngoscopist has a ...

    Authors: Matthew C. Wallace, SSgt Tyler Britton, Robbie Meek, Sharon Walsh-Hart, Col Todd E. Carter and Steven J. Lisco

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:20

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  18. Content type: Research

    Sri Lanka has been free from indigenous malaria since November 2012 and received the WHO certificate for malaria-free status in September 2016. Due to increased global travel, imported malaria cases continue t...

    Authors: Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Rahuman Booso, Priyani Dharmawardena, Arunagirinathan Harintheran, Kugapiriyan Raviraj, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Manjula Danansuriya and Rajitha Wickremasinghe

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:19

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  19. Content type: Research

    Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) refer to a series of diseases caused by the human body's insufficient iodine intake. Edible salt became iodized in China in 1996, which yielded remarkable results. We have kn...

    Authors: Chen Xu, Zhen Liang and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:18

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  20. Content type: Research

    Splenic artery embolization (SAE) has been an effective adjunct to the Non-operative management (NOM) for blunt splenic injury (BSI). However, the optimal embolization techniques are still inconclusive. To fur...

    Authors: Jing-Jing Rong, Dan Liu, Ming Liang, Qing-Hua Wang, Jing-Yang Sun, Quan-Yu Zhang, Cheng-Fei Peng, Feng-Qi Xuan, Li-Jun Zhao, Xiao-Xiang Tian and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:17

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  21. Content type: Research

    The successful treatment of military combat casualties with penetrating injuries is significantly dependent on the time needed to get the patient to an adequate treatment facility. Profound hypothermia-induced...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Shu Li, Zhi Li, Jian Zhang, Jin-song Han, Yong Zhang, Zong-tao Yin and Hui-shan Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:16

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  22. Content type: Research

    Blood eosinophilia is a common laboratory abnormality, and its characterization frequently represents a quandary for primary care physicians. Consequently, in France, specialists and particularly hematologists...

    Authors: Jean-François Magnaval, Guy Laurent, Noémie Gaudré, Judith Fillaux and Antoine Berry

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:15

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  23. Content type: Review

    The gut microbiota, the largest symbiotic ecosystem with the host, has been shown to play important roles in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is caused by the imbalance betwe...

    Authors: Na Shi, Na Li, Xinwang Duan and Haitao Niu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:14

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  24. Content type: Research

    The German Military Medical Service contributed to the medical screening of unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) coming to Germany in 2014 and 2015. In this study, a broad range of diagnostic procedures was app...

    Authors: Winfried Maaßen, Dorothea Wiemer, Claudia Frey, Christina Kreuzberg, Egbert Tannich, Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Wille, Andreas Fritsch, Ralf Matthias Hagen and Hagen Frickmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:13

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  25. Content type: Research

    The prevalence of ischemia on nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has been decreasing. Recent research has questioned the benefit of invasive revascularization for patients with moderate to severe ische...

    Authors: David E. Winchester, Alexander J. Bolanos, Anita Wokhlu, Rebecca J. Beyth and Leslee J. Shaw

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:12

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  26. Content type: Research

    Recruit training sites are places with a high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases. Effective surveillance for acute respiratory infectious diseases in a recruit training site is an important way to pr...

    Authors: Wei-Wei Chen, Wen Xu, Yang-Xin Xie, Yun-Hui Zhang, Dan Wu, Fu-Sheng Wang and Min Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:10

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  27. Content type: Review

    Vascular leakage, or increased vascular permeability, is a common but important pathological process for various critical diseases, including severe trauma, shock, sepsis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndro...

    Authors: Chen-Yang Duan, Jie Zhang, Hui-Ling Wu, Tao Li and Liang-Ming Liu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:11

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  28. Content type: Review

    Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfactio...

    Authors: Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam and De-Yun Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:9

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  29. Content type: Research

    Cimetidine, an antagonist of histamine type II receptors, has shown protective effects against γ-rays or neutrons. However, there have been no reports on the effects of cimetidine against neutrons combined wit...

    Authors: Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang, Xian-Rong Shen, Ying He, Tian-Tian Qian, Qiong Liu, Deng-Yong Hou, Yu-Ming Liu, Wei Chen, Xin Ren and Ke-Xian Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:7

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  30. Content type: Research

    The present study was designed to evaluate load carriage performance at extremely high altitudes with different loads and walking speeds in terms of physiological evaluation. The degree of maximum oxygen consu...

    Authors: Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Anilendu Pramanik, Madhusudan Pal, Deepti Majumdar and Dhurjati Majumdar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:6

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  31. Content type: Perspective

    The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large am...

    Authors: Vladimir Sokolov, Alexey Biryukov, Igor Chmyrev, Mikhail Tarasenko and Pavel Kabanov

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:5

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  32. Content type: Review

    Sepsis remains a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality. As new inflammatory mediators are characterized, it is important to understand their roles in sepsis. Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a rece...

    Authors: Hui Xu, Heth R. Turnquist, Rosemary Hoffman and Timothy R. Billiar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:3

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  33. Content type: Research

    Hepatitis B is a disease that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is a serious public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of and...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuan Li, Wei-Wei Chen, Lei Wei, Yang-Xin Xie, Li-Feng Wang, Jun-Liang Fu and Fu-Sheng Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:2

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  34. Content type: Review

    Naval cohorts rely heavily on personnel to ensure the efficient running of naval organisations. As such, the wellbeing of personnel is essential. In an occupational setting, naval service personnel experience ...

    Authors: Cliodhna Sargent, Cormac Gebruers and Jim O’Mahony

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:1

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  35. Content type: Research

    This study evaluated the effect of omeprazole or pantoprazole on platelet reactivity in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients receiving clopidogrel.

    Authors: Ruo-Xi Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Jing Li, Jie Deng, Xing-Xing Li and Jiao Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:38

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  36. Content type: Research

    People rapidly ascending to high altitudes (>2500 m) may suffer from acute mountain sickness (AMS). The association between smoking and AMS risk remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to eval...

    Authors: Chen Xu, Hong-Xiang Lu, Yu-Xiao Wang, Yu Chen, Sheng-hong Yang and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:37

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  37. Content type: Research

    Minimally invasive surgery in the field of traumatic vascular injury diagnosis and treatment has achieved good results. This study was designed to determine whether pre-hospital emergency intervention is feasi...

    Authors: Ming Liang, Jing-Jing Rong, Jing-Yang Sun, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Fei Li, Geng Wang, Yan-Chun Liang and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:36

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  38. Content type: Review

    Traumatic injury is one of the leading causes of death, with uncontrolled hemorrhage from coagulation dysfunction as one of the main potentially preventable causes of the mortality. Hypothermia, acidosis, and ...

    Authors: Wenjun Z. Martini

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:35

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  39. Content type: Review

    Trauma still represents one of the major causes of death worldwide. Despite the reduction of post-traumatic sepsis over the past two decades, the mortality of septic trauma inpatients is still high (19.5–23 %)...

    Authors: Xiao-Yuan Ma, Li-Xing Tian and Hua-Ping Liang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:33

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  40. Content type: Research

    There is overwhelming evidence that periodontal disease and dental caries affect the majority of populations and that western culture and lifestyle may have a profound influence on oral health, especially in a...

    Authors: Piyush Pujara, Neeraj Sharma, Rujul Jayeshkumar Parikh, Maitri Shah, Shachi Parikh, Vivek Vadera, Manpreet Kaur, Isha Makkar, Mayur Parmar, Pratik Rupakar and Shrikant Patel

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:32

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