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  1. Trauma still represents one of the major causes of death worldwide. Despite the reduction of post-traumatic sepsis over the past two decades, the mortality of septic trauma inpatients is still high (19.5–23 %)...

    Authors: Xiao-Yuan Ma, Li-Xing Tian and Hua-Ping Liang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:33

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. There is overwhelming evidence that periodontal disease and dental caries affect the majority of populations and that western culture and lifestyle may have a profound influence on oral health, especially in a...

    Authors: Piyush Pujara, Neeraj Sharma, Rujul Jayeshkumar Parikh, Maitri Shah, Shachi Parikh, Vivek Vadera, Manpreet Kaur, Isha Makkar, Mayur Parmar, Pratik Rupakar and Shrikant Patel

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:32

    Content type: Research

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  3. Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is a common complication in septic patients and is associated with increased mortality. In the clinical setting, it was once believed that myocardial dysfunction was not a...

    Authors: Xiuxiu Lv and Huadong Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:30

    Content type: Review

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  4. Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality among critically ill patients. The study’s objectives were to explore the prevalence of IAH and physicians’ awareness of the 20...

    Authors: Hua-yu Zhang, Dong Liu, Hao Tang, Shi-jin Sun, Shan-mu Ai, Wen-qun Yang, Dong-po Jiang and Lian-yang Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:27

    Content type: Research

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  5. The German wound healing society ICW (Initiative Chronische Wunden) started a training program for nurses in 2005. Certified by TÜV Rheinland the courses are regularly audited and the quality is ensured. More ...

    Authors: Karl-Christian Münter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:29

    Content type: Editorial

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2017 4:4

  6. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are group of chronic inflammatory illnesses with a remitting and relapsing course that may result in appreciable morbidity and high medical costs secondary to repeated hospit...

    Authors: Ashish Malhotra, K.C. Mandip, Aasma Shaukat and Thomas Rector

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  7. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), a newly identified member of the lymphoid population, play a critical role in the transition from innate to adaptive immunity in host defense. ILCs are important in mucosal barrie...

    Authors: Deng-Ming Lai, Qiang Shu and Jie Fan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:25

    Content type: Review

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  8. Cardiac troponin assays have improved the ability to detect myocardial damage. However, ascertaining whether troponin elevation is due to myocardial infarction (MI) or secondary to another process can be chall...

    Authors: David E. Winchester, Nayan Agarwal, Lucas Burke, Steven Bradley, Tatiana Schember and Carsten Schmalfuss

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  9. Traditionally, neurocognitive testing is performed weeks to months after head injury and is mostly performed on patients who continue to have symptoms or difficulties. In this study, we sought to determine whe...

    Authors: Latha Ganti, Yasamin Daneshvar, Sarah Ayala, Aakash N. Bodhit and Keith R. Peters

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  10. Rabies is a zoonosis transmitted via the bites of various mammals, primarily dogs and bats. Known since antiquity, this disease may have the deadliest human fatality rates and is responsible for approximately ...

    Authors: S. Manoj, A. Mukherjee, S. Johri and K. V. S. Hari Kumar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:21

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Bell’s palsy is a common condition seen in clinical practice. The aetiology of this condition is not clearly defined and neuroimaging is essential to exclude intracranial causes of infra-nuclear facial palsy.

    Authors: K. V. S. Hari Kumar, K. P. Shijith and F. M. H. Ahmad

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:18

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. Recently, studies on the extent to which spaceflight affects the psychology of individuals has received attention. In order to reveal the mental challenges that humans face in space, we need practical viewpoin...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Ren-Lai Zhou, Xin Zhao, Xiao-Ping Chen and Shan-Guang Chen

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:15

    Content type: Review

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  13. Pelvic fracture combined with massive bleeding (PFCMB) is a complex issue in clinical practice. Currently, the use of angiography and embolization for the treatment of PFCMB obtains good results. The aim of th...

    Authors: Bing Xie, Ming Liang, Da-Peng Zhou, Wen Zhao, Jing-Yang Sun, Jing-Jing Rong and Jing Tian

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  14. In worldwide, the mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) raises year by year. Although the applications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and anticoagulants effectively reduce the mortal...

    Authors: Xin Zhao, Xiao-Xu Yang, Su-Zhen Ji, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Li Wang, Chong-Huai Gu, Li-Li Ren and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  15. Physical fitness tests are widely used to assess endurance, sprint ability, coordination and/or strength. The objective of the present study was to analyze the degree to which the results of the Bundeswehr Bas...

    Authors: Stefan Sammito, Nils Gundlach and Irina Böckelmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  16. The objectives of this research were to 1) summarize the available evidence on the impact of hearing loss on quality of life (QOL) among U.S. active-duty service members, 2) describe the QOL instruments that h...

    Authors: Hasanat Alamgir, Caryn A. Turner, Nicole J. Wong, Sharon P. Cooper, Jose A. Betancourt, James Henry, Andrew J. Senchak, Tanisha L. Hammill and Mark D. Packer

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:11

    Content type: Review

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  17. The use of open abdomen (OA) as a technique in the treatment of exsanguinating trauma patients was first described in the mid-19th century. Since the 1980s, OA has become a relatively new and increasingly common ...

    Authors: Yu-hua Huang and You-sheng Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:10

    Content type: Perspective

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  18. Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition with exertional heat stroke occurring frequently among soldiers and athletes. Because of its common occurrence, many military trainees practice preventive measures p...

    Authors: Buddhika T. B. Wijerathne, Senaka D. Pilapitiya, Vadivel Vijitharan, Mohammed M. F. Farah, Yashodhara V. M. Wimalasooriya and Sisira H Siribaddana

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:8

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. The optimal time to save a person who has had a sudden cardiac arrest is within the first few minutes of the incident. Early compression and early defibrillation should be performed at this time. Timeliness is...

    Authors: Xiang-Min Gu, Zhi-Hui Li, Zhong-jie He, Zhe-Wei Zhao and Shuang-Qing Liu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  20. Military operation personnel often suffer from sleep difficulty because of their work requirements. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of zaleplon at two doses to induce afternoon-sleep under noise in...

    Authors: Liang-En Chen, An-Dong Zhao, Qing-Jun Zhang, Feng Wu, Zhao-Li Ge, Hua Ge and Hao Zhan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  21. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal disorder in women of reproductive age. Since the initial work of Leopoldo in 1953 and Gardner and Dukes in 1955, researchers have not been able to identify the caus...

    Authors: Christian T. Bautista, Eyako Wurapa, Warren B. Sateren, Sara Morris, Bruce Hollingsworth and Jose L. Sanchez

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:4

    Content type: Review

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  22. Indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (ITON) refers to optic nerve injury resulting from impact remote to the optic nerve. The mechanism of injury is not understood, and there are no confirmed protocols for prev...

    Authors: Eric L. Singman, Nitin Daphalapurkar, Helen White, Thao D. Nguyen, Lijo Panghat, Jessica Chang and Timothy McCulley

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:2

    Content type: Review

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  23. Acne vulgaris, a common skin disease, affects up to 80 % of the population. Moderate to severe acne requires treatment with a combination of topical and oral drugs such as antibiotics, hormones and retinoids. ...

    Authors: Chen Fleischmann, Lior Cohen, Elimelech Adams and Michael Hartal

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:37

    Content type: Research

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  24. The department of defense’s FM 3-11 is among the military’s field manuals for preparing for, reacting to and recovering from chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear attacks. Since post 9-11, U.S. milita...

    Authors: George Edafese Alakpa and John W. Collins Jr

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:36

    Content type: Research

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  25. The global war on terrorism has prompted an increase in the deployment of security personnel from multi-national forces on foreign lands, especially in places where known terrorist groups are based. The aim of...

    Authors: George Edafese Alakpa and John W. Collins Jr

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:34

    Content type: Research

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  26. Syncope is a relevant health problem in military environments. Reliable diagnosis is challenging. Tilt table testing is an important tool for syncope diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether s...

    Authors: Hans-Joachim Gilfrich, Lena Marie Heidelmann, Franziska Grube, Hagen Frickmann and Sven Andreas Jungblut

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:31

    Content type: Research

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  27. Traumatic brain injury is a major health problem that frequently leads to deficits in executive function. Self-regulation processes, such as goal-setting, may become disordered after traumatic brain injury, pa...

    Authors: Alexander V. Libin, Joel Scholten, Manon Maitland Schladen, Ellen Danford, Nawar Shara, Walter Penk, Jordan Grafman, Linda Resnik, Dwan Bruner, Samantha Cichon, Miriam Philmon, Brenda Tsai, Marc Blackman and Alexander Dromerick

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:32

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  28. To describe the mental health status of 78 child and adolescent survivors of post-war landmine explosions.

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Hemmati, Hamid Shokoohi, Mehdi Masoumi, Shahriar Khateri, Mohammadreza Soroush, Ehsan Modirian, Mahtab Poor Zamany Nejat Kermany, Maryam Hosseini and Batool Mousavi

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:30

    Content type: Research

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  29. Military medicine cadets undergo strenuous military training alongside demanding medical studies. This stressful and complex educational environment can lead to the emergence of depressive symptoms. We investi...

    Authors: Dimitrios Nasioudis, Leonidas Palaiodimos, Matthaios Dagiasis, Angeliki Katsarou and Evangelos Ntouros

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:28

    Content type: Research

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  30. So far, there have been no measurements confirmed useful in diagnosing acute mountain sickness (AMS). The aim of this study was to determine the role of heart rate (HR) difference (ΔHR) and oxygen saturation ( Sa...

    Authors: Ming Li, Ji-Hang Zhang, Guo-Xi Zhao, Shi-Zhu Bian, Xu-Bin Gao, Xi Liu, Jie Yu, Jun-Qing Dong, Guo-Zhu Chen, Hong Wang and Lan Huang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  31. Vitreous hemorrhages are important clinical manifestations of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Non-cleared vitreous hemorrhages could lead to hemosiderosis bulbi and glaucoma. Here, we describe the case of ...

    Authors: Pedro Cuevas, Luis Antonio Outeiriño, Carlos Azanza, Javier Angulo and Guillermo Giménez-Gallego

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Given the multiple terrorist attacks that have occurred in recent years in China, medical rescue teams and specialized incident assessment teams have been established by the government; however, medical rescue...

    Authors: Hai-Long Li, Wen-Jun Tang, Ya-Kun Ma, Ji-Min Jia, Rong-Li Dang and Er-Chen Qiu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2015 2:19

    Content type: Perspective

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