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  1. Until January 18, 2021, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 93 million individuals and has caused a certain degree of panic. Viral pneumonia caused by common viruses such as respiratory ...

    Authors: Guang-Li Ren, Xian-Feng Wang, Jun Xu, Jun Li, Qiong Meng, Guo-Qiang Xie, Bo Huang, Wei-Chun Zhu, Jing Lin, Cheng-He Tang, Sheng Ye, Zhuo Li, Jie Zhu, Zhen Tang, Ming-Xin Ma, Cong Xie…
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:13
  2. We published rapid advice guidelines and updated guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management on February 6, 2020, and September 4, 2020, respectively. These two guidelines vary widely in thei...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Xiao-Mei Yao and Xian-Tao Zeng
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:10

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:41

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

  3. The present moment is not the first time that America has found itself at war with a pathogen during a time of international conflict. Between crowded barracks at home and trenches abroad, wartime conditions h...

    Authors: Lauren K. Dutton, Peter C. Rhee, Alexander Y. Shin, Richard J. Ehrlichman and Richard J. Shemin
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:8

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:11

  4. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a pathogen that has caused a rapidly spreading pandemic all over the world. The primary mean of tra...

    Authors: Deniz Esin Tekcan Sanli, Duzgun Yildirim, Ahmet Necati Sanli, Suha Turkmen, Neval Erozan, Guray Husmen, Aytug Altundag and Filiz Tuzuner
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:7
  5. Cold injury refers to local or systemic injury caused by a rapid, massive loss of body heat in a cold environment. The incidence of cold injury is high. However, the current situation regarding the diagnosis a...

    Authors: Hong-Xu Jin, Yue Teng, Jing Dai and Xiao-Dong Zhao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:6
  6. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Laurent Mathieu, Soryapong Plang, Nicolas de l’Escalopier, James Charles Murison, Christophe Gaillard, Antoine Bertani and Frédéric Rongieras
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:4

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:51

  7. In radiological emergencies with radionuclide incorporation, decorporation treatment is particularly effective if started early. Treating all people potentially contaminated (“urgent treatment”) may require la...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Patrick Ostheim, Stefan Eder, Cornelius Hermann, Michael Abend and Matthias Port
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:3
  8. Wound healing, tissue repair and regenerative medicine are in great demand, and great achievements in these fields have been made. The traditional strategy of tissue repair and regeneration has focused on the ...

    Authors: Xiao-Bing Fu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:2
  9. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused millions of infections and deaths worldwide since its emergence in December 2019. As ...

    Authors: Dan-Dan Li and Qi-Han Li
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:1
  10. Low back pain is the most common spinal disorder among soldiers, and load carriage training (LCT) is considered the main cause. We aimed to investigate changes in the spine system of soldiers after LCT at high...

    Authors: Hao Qu, Ling-Jia Yu, Ju-Tai Wu, Gang Liu, Sheng-Hui Liu, Peng Teng, Li Ding and Yu Zhao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:63
  11. The relationship between physical and psychopathological features in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) has been a subject of constant interest, but no data are available in adolescents. Therefore, we aimed...

    Authors: Shin-Heon Lee, Myeong-Jin Ko, Taek-Kyun Nam, Jeong-Taik Kwon and Yong-Sook Park
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:62
  12. In 2019, an outbreak of Mycoplasma pneumoniae occurred at a military academy in China. The attack rate (10.08%,60/595) was significantly different among the units. High-intensity training and crowded environments...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Min-Na Han, Jing-Hui Dong, Xiao-Xi Li, Xian-Yun Hu, Zhi Wang, En-Qiang Qin, Jing Li, Jun-Yuan Tan, Fu-Sheng Wang and Lei Huang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:60
  13. On October 5th, 2020, Drs. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice were rewarded with Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for “the discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV)”. During the past 50 year...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Chao Zhang, Ji-Jing Shi, Ji-Yuan Zhang and Fu-Sheng Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:59
  14. Cytokines are essential cellular modulators of various physiological and pathological activities, including peripheral nerve repair and regeneration. However, the molecular changes of these cellular mediators ...

    Authors: Rui-Rui Zhang, Sai-Ling Chen, Zhang-Chun Cheng, Yin-Ying Shen, Sheng Yi and Hui Xu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:57
  15. Plasma expanders are widely used for acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH). However, existing studies have not focused on large-volume infusion with colloidal plasma expanders, and there is a lack of studies t...

    Authors: Guo-Xing You, Bing-Ting Li, Zhen Wang, Quan Wang, Ying Wang, Jing-Xiang Zhao, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:55
  16. Compared with non-degradable materials, biodegradable biomaterials play an increasingly important role in the repairing of severe bone defects, and have attracted extensive attention from researchers. In the t...

    Authors: Shuai Wei, Jian-Xiong Ma, Lai Xu, Xiao-Song Gu and Xin-Long Ma
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:54
  17. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is the mildest form of acute altitude illnesses, and consists of non-specific symptoms when unacclimatized persons ascend to elevation of ≥2500 m. Risk factors of AMS include: the...

    Authors: Yang Shen, Yuan-Qi Yang, Chuan Liu, Jie Yang, Ji-Hang Zhang, Jun Jin, Hu Tan, Fang-Zheng-Yuan Yuan, Jing-Bin Ke, Chun-Yan He, Lai-Ping Zhang, Chen Zhang, Jie Yu and Lan Huang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:53
  18. Generation of neurons is essential in cell replacement therapy for neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s disease. Several studies have reported the generation of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from mouse and...

    Authors: Hua Qin, An-Dong Zhao, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:52
  19. Soft tissue reconstruction is typically conducted after evacuation from theater of operations. If circumstances do not allow timely evacuation, however, defect site may need to be reconstructed in the combat z...

    Authors: Laurent Mathieu, Soryapong Plang, Nicolas de l’Escalopier, James Charles Murison, Christophe Gaillard, Antoine Bertani and Frédéric Rongieras
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:51

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:4

  20. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Denise S. Ryan, Rose K. Sia, Jennifer B. Eaddy, Lorie A. Logan, Jide O. Familoni, Hind Beydoun, Samantha B. Rodgers and Bruce A. Rivers
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:50

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:2

  21. The effects of coronaviruses on the respiratory system are of great concern, but their effects on the digestive system receive much less attention. Coronaviruses that infect mammals have shown gastrointestinal...

    Authors: Xi Luo, Guan-Zhou Zhou, Yan Zhang, Li-Hua Peng, Li-Ping Zou and Yun-Sheng Yang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:49
  22. p53 and DIRAS3 are tumor suppressors that are frequently silenced in tumors. In this study, we sought to determine whether the concurrent re-expression of p53 and DIRAS3 could effectively induce head and neck ...

    Authors: Zhe Liu, Douglas R. Hurst, Xing Qu, Li-Guang Lu, Chen-Zhou Wu, Yu-Yu Li and Yi Li
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:48
  23. Our objective was to identify possible associations between clinical and laboratory variables and the risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI) in severely injured patients admitted to the intensive care un...

    Authors: Alberto F. García, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Juan G. Bayona, Maria P. Naranjo, Dary Neicce Villa, Manuel Moreno, Sebastian Ossa, Juan M. Martinez, Nathalia Martinez and Juan C. Puyana
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:47
  24. Selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are first-line pharmacologic treatments for patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but must be given over extended period of time before the onse...

    Authors: Muhammad R. Baig, Robert D. Beck, Jennifer L. Wilson, Jennifer A. Lemmer, Adeel Meraj, Eric C. Meyer, Jim Mintz, Alan L. Peterson and John D. Roache
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:46
  25. Gastrointestinal symptoms are not rare among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, but there have been no reports regarding convalescent plasma therapy for the recovery of gastrointestinal problems in ...

    Authors: Li-Bo Zhang, Rong-Rong Pang, Qing-Hua Qiao, Zhi-Hua Wang, Xin-Yi Xia, Chang-Jun Wang and Xiao-Li Xu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:45
  26. The majority of Veterans Affair (VA) hospitals are in urban areas. We examined whether veterans residing in rural areas have lower mental health service use and poorer mental health status.

    Authors: Joseph J. Boscarino, Charles R. Figley, Richard E. Adams, Thomas G. Urosevich, H. Lester Kirchner and Joseph A. Boscarino
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:44
  27. Using ultrasound to measure optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is an emerging bedside technique to noninvasively assess intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with brain injury. This technique is unique among...

    Authors: Heidi M. Felix, Kristin A. Rosenbush, Amy M. Lannen, Robert A. Pooley, Jason L. Siegel, Benjamin L. Brown, Melissa L. McMullan, Christina I. Collins and William D. Freeman
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:43
  28. Motor neuron degeneration or loss in the spinal cord is the characteristic phenotype of motor neuron diseases or spinal cord injuries. Being proliferative and located near neurons, astrocytes are considered id...

    Authors: An-Dong Zhao, Hua Qin, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:24

  29. The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of a rapidly spreading illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), affecting more than seventeen million people around the ...

    Authors: Ying-Hui Jin, Qing-Yuan Zhan, Zhi-Yong Peng, Xue-Qun Ren, Xun-Tao Yin, Lin Cai, Yu-Feng Yuan, Ji-Rong Yue, Xiao-Chun Zhang, Qi-Wen Yang, Jianguang Ji, Jian Xia, Yi-Rong Li, Fu-Xiang Zhou, Ya-Dong Gao, Zhui Yu…
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:41

    The Letter to the editor to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:10

    The Position article and guideline to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:4

  30. Heat stroke (HS) is a serious, life-threatening disease. However, there is no scoring system for HS so far. This research is to establish a scoring system that can quantitatively assess the severity of exertio...

    Authors: Meng-Meng Yang, Lu Wang, Yu Zhang, Rui Yuan, Yan Zhao, Jie Hu, Fei-Hu Zhou and Hong-Jun Kang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:40

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2021 8:26

  31. Circadian clocks have important physiological and behavioral functions in humans and other organisms, which enable organisms to anticipate and respond to periodic environmental changes. Disturbances in circadi...

    Authors: Jin-Hu Guo, Xiao-Hong Ma, Huan Ma, Yin Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Tian, Xin Wang and Yong-Cong Shao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:39
  32. The occurrence of infectious complications characterizes the more severe forms of acute pancreatitis (AP) and is associated with high mortality. We investigated the effects of infection at different sites in p...

    Authors: Xun Jiang, Ji-Yu Shi, Xia-Yu Wang, Yong Hu and Yun-Feng Cui
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:38
  33. Heat stroke is the most severe type of heat illness, it is often accompanied by severe multiorgan damage and has a high fatality rate. In January 2020, based on new research evidence and the experiences of Chi...

    Authors: Shu-Yuan Liu, Qian Wang, Yun-Peng Lou, Yan Gao, Bo Ning, Qing Song and Hai-Ling Li
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:37
  34. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that is characterized by multiple organ dysfunction due to abnormal host response to various pathogens, like bacteria, fungi and virus. The differences between viral and ...

    Authors: Chao Ren, Ren-Qi Yao, Di Ren, Ying Li, Yong-Wen Feng and Yong-Ming Yao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:36
  35. More people ascend to high altitude (HA) for various activities, and some individuals are susceptible to HA illness after rapidly ascending from plains. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a general complaint tha...

    Authors: Ji-Hang Zhang, Yang Shen, Chuan Liu, Jie Yang, Yuan-Qi Yang, Chen Zhang, Shi-Zhu Bian, Jie Yu, Xu-Bin Gao, Lai-Ping Zhang, Jing-Bin Ke, Fang-Zheng-Yuan Yuan, Wen-Xu Pan, Zhi-Nian Guo and Lan Huang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:35
  36. Pediatric casualties account for a notable proportion of encounters in the deployed setting based on the humanitarian medical care mission. Previously published data demonstrates that an age-adjust shock index...

    Authors: Camaren M. Cuenca, Matthew A. Borgman, Michael D. April, Andrew D. Fisher and Steven G. Schauer
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:33
  37. Neuronal networks, especially those in the central nervous system (CNS), evolved to support extensive functional capabilities while ensuring stability. Several physiological “brakes” that maintain the stabilit...

    Authors: Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Hong Chen and De-Yun Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:30
  38. Civilian explosion blast injury is more frequent in developing countries, including China. However, the incidence, casualties, and characteristics of such incidents in China are unknown.

    Authors: Xu Wang, Juan Du, Zhuo Zhuang, Zheng-Guo Wang, Jian-Xin Jiang and Ce Yang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:29
  39. Recent studies reported that patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) might have liver injury. However, few data on the combined analysis and change patterns of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), asparta...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Hong Zhao, Li-Gai Liu, Yan-Bin Wang, Ting Zhang, Ming-Hui Li, Yan-Li Xu, Gui-Ju Gao, Hao-Feng Xiong, Ying Fan, Ying Cao, Rui Ding, Jing-Jing Wang, Cheng Cheng and Wen Xie
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:28
  40. Attrition rate in new army recruits is higher than in incumbent troops. In the current study, we identified the risk factors for attrition due to injuries and physical fitness failure in recruit training. A va...

    Authors: Robin M. Orr, Bruce S. Cohen, Stephen C. Allison, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Edward J. Zambraski and Mark Jaffrey
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:26
  41. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide. BCG is an effective vaccine, but not widely used in many parts of the world due to a variety of issues. Mycobacterium vaccae (M. vaccae) is another vaccine used...

    Authors: Wen-Ping Gong, Yan Liang, Yan-Bo Ling, Jun-Xian Zhang, You-Rong Yang, Lan Wang, Jie Wang, Ying-Chang Shi and Xue-Qiong Wu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2020 7:25