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  1. Sri Lanka has been free from indigenous malaria since November 2012 and received the WHO certificate for malaria-free status in September 2016. Due to increased global travel, imported malaria cases continue t...

    Authors: Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Rahuman Booso, Priyani Dharmawardena, Arunagirinathan Harintheran, Kugapiriyan Raviraj, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Manjula Danansuriya and Rajitha Wickremasinghe

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  2. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) refer to a series of diseases caused by the human body's insufficient iodine intake. Edible salt became iodized in China in 1996, which yielded remarkable results. We have kn...

    Authors: Chen Xu, Zhen Liang and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  3. Splenic artery embolization (SAE) has been an effective adjunct to the Non-operative management (NOM) for blunt splenic injury (BSI). However, the optimal embolization techniques are still inconclusive. To fur...

    Authors: Jing-Jing Rong, Dan Liu, Ming Liang, Qing-Hua Wang, Jing-Yang Sun, Quan-Yu Zhang, Cheng-Fei Peng, Feng-Qi Xuan, Li-Jun Zhao, Xiao-Xiang Tian and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  4. The successful treatment of military combat casualties with penetrating injuries is significantly dependent on the time needed to get the patient to an adequate treatment facility. Profound hypothermia-induced...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Shu Li, Zhi Li, Jian Zhang, Jin-song Han, Yong Zhang, Zong-tao Yin and Hui-shan Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:16

    Content type: Research

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  5. Blood eosinophilia is a common laboratory abnormality, and its characterization frequently represents a quandary for primary care physicians. Consequently, in France, specialists and particularly hematologists...

    Authors: Jean-François Magnaval, Guy Laurent, Noémie Gaudré, Judith Fillaux and Antoine Berry

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:15

    Content type: Research

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  6. The gut microbiota, the largest symbiotic ecosystem with the host, has been shown to play important roles in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is caused by the imbalance betwe...

    Authors: Na Shi, Na Li, Xinwang Duan and Haitao Niu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:14

    Content type: Review

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  7. The German Military Medical Service contributed to the medical screening of unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) coming to Germany in 2014 and 2015. In this study, a broad range of diagnostic procedures was app...

    Authors: Winfried Maaßen, Dorothea Wiemer, Claudia Frey, Christina Kreuzberg, Egbert Tannich, Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Wille, Andreas Fritsch, Ralf Matthias Hagen and Hagen Frickmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:13

    Content type: Research

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  8. The prevalence of ischemia on nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has been decreasing. Recent research has questioned the benefit of invasive revascularization for patients with moderate to severe ische...

    Authors: David E. Winchester, Alexander J. Bolanos, Anita Wokhlu, Rebecca J. Beyth and Leslee J. Shaw

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  9. Recruit training sites are places with a high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases. Effective surveillance for acute respiratory infectious diseases in a recruit training site is an important way to pr...

    Authors: Wei-Wei Chen, Wen Xu, Yang-Xin Xie, Yun-Hui Zhang, Dan Wu, Fu-Sheng Wang and Min Zhao

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  10. Vascular leakage, or increased vascular permeability, is a common but important pathological process for various critical diseases, including severe trauma, shock, sepsis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndro...

    Authors: Chen-Yang Duan, Jie Zhang, Hui-Ling Wu, Tao Li and Liang-Ming Liu

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:11

    Content type: Review

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  11. Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfactio...

    Authors: Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam and De-Yun Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:9

    Content type: Review

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  12. Cimetidine, an antagonist of histamine type II receptors, has shown protective effects against γ-rays or neutrons. However, there have been no reports on the effects of cimetidine against neutrons combined wit...

    Authors: Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang, Xian-Rong Shen, Ying He, Tian-Tian Qian, Qiong Liu, Deng-Yong Hou, Yu-Ming Liu, Wei Chen, Xin Ren and Ke-Xian Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:7

    Content type: Research

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  13. The present study was designed to evaluate load carriage performance at extremely high altitudes with different loads and walking speeds in terms of physiological evaluation. The degree of maximum oxygen consu...

    Authors: Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Anilendu Pramanik, Madhusudan Pal, Deepti Majumdar and Dhurjati Majumdar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:6

    Content type: Research

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  14. The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large am...

    Authors: Vladimir Sokolov, Alexey Biryukov, Igor Chmyrev, Mikhail Tarasenko and Pavel Kabanov

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:5

    Content type: Perspective

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  15. Sepsis remains a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality. As new inflammatory mediators are characterized, it is important to understand their roles in sepsis. Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a rece...

    Authors: Hui Xu, Heth R. Turnquist, Rosemary Hoffman and Timothy R. Billiar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:3

    Content type: Review

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  16. Hepatitis B is a disease that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is a serious public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of and...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuan Li, Wei-Wei Chen, Lei Wei, Yang-Xin Xie, Li-Feng Wang, Jun-Liang Fu and Fu-Sheng Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:2

    Content type: Research

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  17. Naval cohorts rely heavily on personnel to ensure the efficient running of naval organisations. As such, the wellbeing of personnel is essential. In an occupational setting, naval service personnel experience ...

    Authors: Cliodhna Sargent, Cormac Gebruers and Jim O’Mahony

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2017 4:1

    Content type: Review

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  18. This study evaluated the effect of omeprazole or pantoprazole on platelet reactivity in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients receiving clopidogrel.

    Authors: Ruo-Xi Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Jing Li, Jie Deng, Xing-Xing Li and Jiao Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:38

    Content type: Research

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  19. People rapidly ascending to high altitudes (>2500 m) may suffer from acute mountain sickness (AMS). The association between smoking and AMS risk remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to eval...

    Authors: Chen Xu, Hong-Xiang Lu, Yu-Xiao Wang, Yu Chen, Sheng-hong Yang and Yong-Jun Luo

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Minimally invasive surgery in the field of traumatic vascular injury diagnosis and treatment has achieved good results. This study was designed to determine whether pre-hospital emergency intervention is feasi...

    Authors: Ming Liang, Jing-Jing Rong, Jing-Yang Sun, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Fei Li, Geng Wang, Yan-Chun Liang and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:36

    Content type: Research

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  21. Traumatic injury is one of the leading causes of death, with uncontrolled hemorrhage from coagulation dysfunction as one of the main potentially preventable causes of the mortality. Hypothermia, acidosis, and ...

    Authors: Wenjun Z. Martini

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:35

    Content type: Review

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  22. Trauma still represents one of the major causes of death worldwide. Despite the reduction of post-traumatic sepsis over the past two decades, the mortality of septic trauma inpatients is still high (19.5–23 %)...

    Authors: Xiao-Yuan Ma, Li-Xing Tian and Hua-Ping Liang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:33

    Content type: Review

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  23. There is overwhelming evidence that periodontal disease and dental caries affect the majority of populations and that western culture and lifestyle may have a profound influence on oral health, especially in a...

    Authors: Piyush Pujara, Neeraj Sharma, Rujul Jayeshkumar Parikh, Maitri Shah, Shachi Parikh, Vivek Vadera, Manpreet Kaur, Isha Makkar, Mayur Parmar, Pratik Rupakar and Shrikant Patel

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:32

    Content type: Research

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  24. Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is a common complication in septic patients and is associated with increased mortality. In the clinical setting, it was once believed that myocardial dysfunction was not a...

    Authors: Xiuxiu Lv and Huadong Wang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:30

    Content type: Review

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  25. Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality among critically ill patients. The study’s objectives were to explore the prevalence of IAH and physicians’ awareness of the 20...

    Authors: Hua-yu Zhang, Dong Liu, Hao Tang, Shi-jin Sun, Shan-mu Ai, Wen-qun Yang, Dong-po Jiang and Lian-yang Zhang

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:27

    Content type: Research

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  26. The German wound healing society ICW (Initiative Chronische Wunden) started a training program for nurses in 2005. Certified by TÜV Rheinland the courses are regularly audited and the quality is ensured. More ...

    Authors: Karl-Christian Münter

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:29

    Content type: Editorial

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2017 4:4

  27. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are group of chronic inflammatory illnesses with a remitting and relapsing course that may result in appreciable morbidity and high medical costs secondary to repeated hospit...

    Authors: Ashish Malhotra, K.C. Mandip, Aasma Shaukat and Thomas Rector

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  28. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), a newly identified member of the lymphoid population, play a critical role in the transition from innate to adaptive immunity in host defense. ILCs are important in mucosal barrie...

    Authors: Deng-Ming Lai, Qiang Shu and Jie Fan

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:25

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Cardiac troponin assays have improved the ability to detect myocardial damage. However, ascertaining whether troponin elevation is due to myocardial infarction (MI) or secondary to another process can be chall...

    Authors: David E. Winchester, Nayan Agarwal, Lucas Burke, Steven Bradley, Tatiana Schember and Carsten Schmalfuss

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  30. Traditionally, neurocognitive testing is performed weeks to months after head injury and is mostly performed on patients who continue to have symptoms or difficulties. In this study, we sought to determine whe...

    Authors: Latha Ganti, Yasamin Daneshvar, Sarah Ayala, Aakash N. Bodhit and Keith R. Peters

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:23

    Content type: Research

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  31. Rabies is a zoonosis transmitted via the bites of various mammals, primarily dogs and bats. Known since antiquity, this disease may have the deadliest human fatality rates and is responsible for approximately ...

    Authors: S. Manoj, A. Mukherjee, S. Johri and K. V. S. Hari Kumar

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:21

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Bell’s palsy is a common condition seen in clinical practice. The aetiology of this condition is not clearly defined and neuroimaging is essential to exclude intracranial causes of infra-nuclear facial palsy.

    Authors: K. V. S. Hari Kumar, K. P. Shijith and F. M. H. Ahmad

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:18

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Recently, studies on the extent to which spaceflight affects the psychology of individuals has received attention. In order to reveal the mental challenges that humans face in space, we need practical viewpoin...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Ren-Lai Zhou, Xin Zhao, Xiao-Ping Chen and Shan-Guang Chen

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:15

    Content type: Review

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  34. Pelvic fracture combined with massive bleeding (PFCMB) is a complex issue in clinical practice. Currently, the use of angiography and embolization for the treatment of PFCMB obtains good results. The aim of th...

    Authors: Bing Xie, Ming Liang, Da-Peng Zhou, Wen Zhao, Jing-Yang Sun, Jing-Jing Rong and Jing Tian

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  35. In worldwide, the mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) raises year by year. Although the applications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and anticoagulants effectively reduce the mortal...

    Authors: Xin Zhao, Xiao-Xu Yang, Su-Zhen Ji, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Li Wang, Chong-Huai Gu, Li-Li Ren and Ya-Ling Han

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  36. Physical fitness tests are widely used to assess endurance, sprint ability, coordination and/or strength. The objective of the present study was to analyze the degree to which the results of the Bundeswehr Bas...

    Authors: Stefan Sammito, Nils Gundlach and Irina Böckelmann

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  37. The objectives of this research were to 1) summarize the available evidence on the impact of hearing loss on quality of life (QOL) among U.S. active-duty service members, 2) describe the QOL instruments that h...

    Authors: Hasanat Alamgir, Caryn A. Turner, Nicole J. Wong, Sharon P. Cooper, Jose A. Betancourt, James Henry, Andrew J. Senchak, Tanisha L. Hammill and Mark D. Packer

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:11

    Content type: Review

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  38. The use of open abdomen (OA) as a technique in the treatment of exsanguinating trauma patients was first described in the mid-19th century. Since the 1980s, OA has become a relatively new and increasingly common ...

    Authors: Yu-hua Huang and You-sheng Li

    Citation: Military Medical Research 2016 3:10

    Content type: Perspective

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