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  1. The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in both males and females worldwide. In Thailand, the National Health Examination Surveys reported that the prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) am...

    Authors: Panadda Hatthachote, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin and Boonsub Sakboonyarat
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:13
  2. The aim of this work is to detect and compare the peripheral blood miRNA expression profiles in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) 2, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after injury at high altitude and to p...

    Authors: Si-qing Ma, Xue-xia Xu, Zong-zhao He, Xin-hui Li and Jun-ming Luo
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:12
  3. With improvements in personnel and vehicular body armor, robust casualty evacuation capabilities, and damage control resuscitation strategies, more combat casualties are surviving to reach higher levels of car...

    Authors: Kelly B. Thompson, Luke T. Krispinsky and Ryan J. Stark
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:11
  4. This study examines the relationship between coping strategies and symptoms of anxiety or depression among Dutch servicemembers deployed to Afghanistan.

    Authors: Loes G. M. de Kruijff, Olivia R. M. Moussault, Marie-Christine J. Plat, Rigo Hoencamp and Peter van der Wurff
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:9
  5. Inhalation injury is often associated with burns and significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The main toxic components of fire smoke are carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and irritants. In the case o...

    Authors: Tian-Tian Yan, Guo-An Lin, Min-Jie Wang, Andreas Lamkowski, Matthias Port and Alexis Rump
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:10
  6. The impact of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan on the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military service members has been poorly quantified. The purpose of this study was to examin...

    Authors: Kenneth L. Cameron, Rodney X. Sturdivant and Susan P. Baker
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:8
  7. Since 2001, the French Armed Forces have sustained many casualties during the Global War on Terror; however, even today, there is no French Military trauma registry. Some French service members (SMs) were trea...

    Authors: Marc A. Schweizer, Jud C. Janak, Zsolt T. Stockinger and Tristan Monchal
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:7

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:24

  8. The battlefield treatments of spinal and spinal cord injury vary from civilian settings. However, there is no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for spine trauma in PLA. An expert consensus is reached, b...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Hao Qin, Si-xu Chen, Jia-zhi Yang, Lei Yang, Lin Zhang, Wen-qiong Du, Xin Zhong, Ren-jie Zhou, Dan Tan and Hao Wu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:6
  9. Art therapies are a broad suite of treatments including drawing, painting and music that can facilitate non-verbal communication through artistic expression. They have been used as adjunctive therapies for a r...

    Authors: Simon R. Hunter
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:5
  10. Zinner syndrome represents a rare congenital malformation of the urinary tract. It comprises a constellation of Wolffian duct anomalies and is almost exclusively encountered as a classic triad of seminal vesic...

    Authors: Evangelos N. Symeonidis, Chrysovalantis Gkekas, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Asterios Symeonidis, Christos Georgiadis, Vasileios Kalyvas, Apostolos Malioris and Michail Papathanasiou
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:4
  11. Pharyngeal and anorectal reservoirs of gonorrhea (GC) and chlamydia (CT) are increasingly recognized among heterosexual women. While a number of studies performed at sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics ...

    Authors: Robert Deiss, Morgan Byrne, Sara M. Echols, Stephanie M. Cammarata, Lynda Potswald, Eduardo Gomez, Jennifer A. Curry, Eric Garges, Grace Macalino, Brian K. Agan and Mary F. Bavaro
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:3
  12. It remains unclear if ad libitum water drinking, as a hydration strategy, prevents exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) during prolonged exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of EAH ...

    Authors: Heinrich W. Nolte, Kim Nolte and Tamara Hew-Butler
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:1
  13. To study the influence of blood lipid levels on hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and prognosis after acute cerebral infarction (ACI).

    Authors: Gang Lv, Guo-qiang Wang, Zhen-xi Xia, Hai-xia Wang, Nan Liu, Wei Wei, Yong-hua Huang and Wei-wei Zhang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2019 6:2
  14. Research has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of weight management, dietary and physical activity interventions in military settings. However, a recent and comprehensive overview is lacking. The aim ...

    Authors: Ahmad M. Malkawi, Ree M. Meertens, Stef P. J. Kremers and Ester F. C. Sleddens
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:43
  15. Identification of elevated intracranial pressure is important following traumatic brain injury. We assessed the feasibility of educating military trainees on accurately obtaining optic nerve sheath diameter me...

    Authors: Joseph Betcher, Torben K. Becker, Peter Stoyanoff, Jim Cranford and Nik Theyyunni
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:42
  16. Military families who have a family member with a mental illness see themselves confronted with many demands. Stigmatization is one of these challenges. Stigmatization affects not only the individual who suffe...

    Authors: Katrin Schuy, Simone Dors, Loni Brants, Marie Horzetzky, Gerd Willmund, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Zimmermann, Heinrich Rau and Stefan Siegel
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:40
  17. It is crucial for the army to know the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in active-duty army personnel. Little information has been reported on the prevalence of OSA and clinical features in...

    Authors: Anisong Pilakasiri and Prasit Mahakit
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:39
  18. Historically, sexually transmitted infections have affected the health of the U.S. military. To determine whether gonorrhea, bacterial vaginosis, genital herpes, and trichomoniasis are predictors of repeat chl...

    Authors: Christian T. Bautista, Eyako K. Wurapa, Warren B. Sateren, Bruce P. Hollingsworth and Jose L. Sanchez
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:37
  19. Despite efforts in prevention and intensive care, trauma and subsequent sepsis are still associated with a high mortality rate. Traumatic injury remains the main cause of death in people younger than 45 years ...

    Authors: Florian Bösch, Martin K. Angele and Irshad H. Chaudry
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:35
  20. The emergency treatment of thoracic injuries varies of general conditions and modern warfare. However, there are no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for thoracic injuries in the Chinese People’s Libera...

    Authors: Zhao-Wen Zong, Zhi-Nong Wang, Si-Xu Chen, Hao Qin, Lian-Yang Zhang, Yue Shen, Lei Yang, Wen-Qiong Du, Can Chen, Xin Zhong, Lin Zhang, Jiang-Tao Huo, Li-Ping Kuai, Li-Xin Shu, Guo-Fu Du and Yu-Feng Zhao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:34
  21. Hypoxia is a primary cause of mountain sickness and a common pathological condition in patients with heart failure, shock, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus far, little advancement...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yu-Qi Gao, Yi-Xing Gao, Gang Wu, Jian-Yang Zhang and Wen-Xiang Gao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:33
  22. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic impairment disorder that occurs after exposure to traumatic events. This disorder can result in a disturbance to individual and family functioning, causing sig...

    Authors: Xue-Rong Miao, Qian-Bo Chen, Kai Wei, Kun-Ming Tao and Zhi-Jie Lu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:32
  23. Junctional hemorrhage surpassed extremity hemorrhage as the leading cause of preventable death after the resurgence of limb tourniquets during the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Junctional tournique...

    Authors: Ismael Flecha, Jason F. Naylor, Steven G. Schauer, Ryan A. Curtis and Cord W. Cunningham
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:31
  24. The pubic region is often involved in accidental hot water or soup-spill burns. Most of these wounds are superficial partial thickness burns. Due to their proximity to the urinary system, as well as vaginal an...

    Authors: Jia-Jun Feng, Jia Le See, Abby Choke, Adrian Ooi and Si Jack Chong
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:29
  25. Heavy backpacks are often used by soldiers and firefighters. Weight carrying could reduce the speed and efficiency in task completion by altering the foot sole sensitivity and postural control.

    Authors: Yves Jammes, Eva Ferrand, Corentin Fraud, Alain Boussuges and Jean Paul Weber
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:28
  26. A wide spectrum of scenarios may lead to radiation incidents and the liberation of radioactive material. In the case of a terrorist attack by a “dirty bomb”, there is a risk of mechanical and thermal trauma, e...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Benjamin Becker, Stefan Eder, Andreas Lamkowski, Michael Abend and Matthias Port
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:27
  27. Acute lung injury (ALI) is a major component of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) following pulmonary and systemic infection. Alveolar macrophages (AMϕ) are at the center of ALI pathogenesis. Emerging...

    Authors: Zhi-Gang Li, Melanie J. Scott, Tomasz Brzóska, Prithu Sundd, Yue-Hua Li, Timothy R. Billiar, Mark A. Wilson, Ping Wang and Jie Fan
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:24
  28. The activities carried out by soldiers in the army involve great physical demands and require intense trainings to perform combat-specific tasks. Musculoskeletal injury is a potential threat to the health and ...

    Authors: Michele Zukauskas de Andrade Gomes and Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:23
  29. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of different uphill and downhill gradients on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses of soldiers while carrying heavy military loads in two different...

    Authors: Subhojit Chatterjee, Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Suranjana Sen and Madhusudan Pal
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:26

    The Correction to this article has been published in Military Medical Research 2019 6:14

  30. In combat operations, patients with traumatic injuries require expeditious evacuation to improve survival. Studies have shown that long transport times are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Li...

    Authors: Joseph K. Maddry, Crystal A. Perez, Alejandra G. Mora, Jill D. Lear, Shelia C. Savell and Vikhyat S. Bebarta
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:22
  31. The characteristics and treatment of pelvic fractures vary between general conditions and modern war. An expert consensus has been reached based on pelvic injury epidemiology and the concepts of battlefield tr...

    Authors: Zhao-wen Zong, Si-xu Chen, Hao Qin, Hua-ping Liang, Lei Yang and Yu-feng Zhao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:21
  32. With the development of radiotherapeutic oncology, computer technology and medical imaging technology, radiation therapy has made great progress. Research on the impact and the specific mechanism of radiation ...

    Authors: Jin-song Wang, Hai-juan Wang and Hai-li Qian
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:20
  33. The European Union Training Mission Mali (EUTM MLI) is a multinational military training deployment to the Western African tropical nation of Mali. Based on routinely collected disease and non-battle injury su...

    Authors: Hagen Frickmann, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Florian Geiselbrechtinger and Nagpal Hoysal
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:19
  34. Sufficient sleep duration and good sleep quality are crucial to ensure normal physical and mental health, cognition and work performance for the common people, as well as astronauts. On-orbit sleep problem is ...

    Authors: Bin Wu, Yue Wang, Xiaorui Wu, Dong Liu, Dong Xu and Fei Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:17
  35. Ballistics gelatin is a common tissue surrogate used in bacterial contamination models for projectile wounds. Although these studies have demonstrated that bacteria are transferred from the surface of the gela...

    Authors: Jessica J. Evans, Aaron Bost, Karim H. Muci-Küchler and Linda C. DeVeaux
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:16
  36. Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patie...

    Authors: Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar and Davood Rahimpoor
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:15
  37. Type A lactic acidosis resulted from hypoxic mitochondrial dysfunction is an independent predictor of mortality for critically ill patients. However, current therapeutic agents are still in shortage and can ev...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Ya Huang, Jing Yang, Fang-Qiang Zhou, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:13
  38. The diagnosis of bacterium-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and extra-pulmonary TB is challenging clinically. The detection of the anti-TB antibody has an important, auxiliary, clinical diagnostic value. T...

    Authors: Xue-Juan Bai, You-Rong Yang, Jian-Qin Liang, Hui-Ru An, Jie Wang, Yan-Bo Ling, Zhong-Yuan Wang and Xue-Qiong Wu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:10
  39. Currently, ionizing radiation (IR) plays a key role in the agricultural and medical industry, while accidental exposure resulting from leakage of radioactive sources or radiological terrorism is a serious conc...

    Authors: Rasoul Yahyapour, Peyman Amini, Saeed Rezapour, Mohsen Cheki, Abolhasan Rezaeyan, Bagher Farhood, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Hengameh Fallah and Masoud Najafi
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2018 5:9