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Table 2 Clinical outcomes of the study patients with different fluid balance trajectory patterns

From: Association of fluid balance trajectories with clinical outcomes in patients with septic shock: a prospective multicenter cohort study

Characteristics All (n = 986) Fluid balance trajectory patterns P
Decreasing FB
(n = 64)
Low FB
(n = 841)
High FB
(n = 81)
Clinical outcomes [n (%)]
 Hospital mortality 430 (43.6) 30 (46.9) 342 (40.7) 58 (71.6)§ <  0.001
 Organ dysfunction 613 (62.2) 30 (46.9) 519 (61.7) 64 (79.0)§ <  0.001
 MAKE 499 (50.6) 33 (51.6) 399 (47.4)§ 67 (82.7)§ <  0.001
 SRAE 373 (37.8) 19 (29.7) 307 (36.5) 47 (58.0)§ 0.014
Length of stay [d, M (IQR)]
 Hospital* 20.0 (12.0–30.0) 21.0 (13.0–31.0) 19.0 (12.0–30.0) 20.0 (8.0–35.0) 0.576
 ICU* 10.0 (5.0–16.0) 12.0 (8.0–17.0) 10.0 (5.0–16.0) 9.0 (4.0–23.0) 0.128
  1. FB fluid balance, IQR interquartile range, MAKE major adverse kidney events, SRAE severe respiratory adverse events, *For survivors; §Compared with decreasing FB, P < 0.05