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Table 3 Comparison of key points from the scoring table between baseline and post-intervention measurements [n (%)]

From: An effective snakebite first aid training method for medics in the Chinese troops: a RCT

Key pointsGroup A (n = 27) Group B (n = 27)Group C (n = 26) Group A vs BGroup A vs CGroup B vs C
BaselinePost-interventionRate differencePBaselinePost-interventionRate differencePBaselinePost-interventionRate differencePpost-intervention rate differencePpost-intervention rate differencePpost-intervention rate differenceP
Right measures
 Rinse wound instantly12 (44.4)18 (66.7)0.220.0512 (44.4)25 (92.6)0.48< 0.0115 (57.7)22 (84.6)0.270.010.260.010.180.070.080.18
 Oral or percutaneous snake drug administration25 (92.6)25 (92.6)  22 (81.5)22 (81.5)  24 (92.3)21 (80.8)        
 Keep stationary5 (18.5)17 (63)0.44< 0.015 (18.5)15 (55.6)0.37< 0.014 (15.4)18 (66.7)0.50< 0.010.070.290.020.430.100.23
 Pressure immobilization technique8 (29.6)16 (59.3)0.300.015 (18.5)17 (63)0.44< 0.012 (7.7)17 (65.4)0.58< 0.010.040.390.060.320.020.43
 Stretcher transport11 (40.7)9 (33.3)  9 (33.3)18 (66.7)  13 (50)21 (80.8)        
 Assess patient’s condition and monitor the complications5 (18.5)2 (7.4)  5 (18.5)3 (11.1)  6 (23.1)5 (19.2)        
 Diagnosis of allergic shock8 (29.6)4 (14.8)  8 (29.6)5 (18.5)  5 (19.2)12 (46.2)        
 Obtain IV access7 (25.9)7 (25.9)  5 (18.5)17 (63)  6 (23.0)19 (73.1)        
0.5 mg IM/H epinephrine3 (11.1)10 (37)0.300.012 (7.4)17 (63)0.56< 0.011 (3.9)17 (65.4)0.62< 0.010.260.030.280.020.020.43
 10 mg IV dexamethasone8 (29.6)12 (44.4)  8 (29.6)16 (59.3)  10 (38.5)15 (57.7)        
 GTT saline IV for expansion4 (14.8)1 (3.7)  2 (7.4)8 (29.6)  5 (19.2)6 (23.1)        
 If ineffective in 5 min, repeat injection of epinephrine1 (3.7)4 (14.8)0.110.08014 (51.9)0.56< 0.01015 (57.7)0.58< 0.010.37< 0.010.43< 0.010.060.34
 Evacuation18 (66.7)16 (59.3)  19 (70.4)25 (92.6)  18 (66.7)25 (96.2)        
Wrong measures
 Tourniquet ligation22 (81.5)8 (29.6)0.110.0819 (70.4)3 (11.1)0.59< 0.0117 (65.4)5 (19.2)0.46< 0.01      
 Cupping therapy5 (18.5)1 (3.7)0.150.045 (18.5)00.190.015 (19.2)00.190.01      
 Suck, squeeze venom out3 (11.1)3 (11.1)0.000.53 (11.1)1 (3.7)0.070.151 (3.9)00.040.16      
Incise the wound13 (48.2)6 (22.2)0.260.0212 (44.4)1 (3.7)0.41< 0.018 (30.8)1 (3.9)0.270.010.190.020.180.020.000.49
 Alcohol/iodophor disinfection2 (7.4)1 (3.7)  1 (3.7)0  3 (11.5)0        
 Noradrenaline/norepinephrine1 (3.7)0  00  01 (3.9)        
Chlorphenamine maleate5 (18.5)1 (3.7)  4 (14.8)0  4 (15.4)0        
  1. Statistical analysis was performed in comparing the core key points, and the blanked cells in the table represent non-core key points.