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Table 3 Active range of motion of upper extremity joints in bilateral upper limb amputees (n = 103)

From: A comprehensive musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous system assessment of war-related bilateral upper extremity amputees

Joint Right side Left side Unilateral/Bilateral limited
Limited Normal NAa Limited Normal NA n %b
Scapula
 Elevation 1 100 2 0 101 2 0 0
 Depression 2 99 2 1 100 2 1 1.0
 Protraction 3 97 3 6 95 2 2 2.0
 Retraction 9 92 2 10 91 2 2 2.2
Shoulder
 Flexion 4 92 7 4 94 5 2 2.0
 Extension 4 92 7 5 92 6 2 2.0
 Abduction 15 82 6 13 84 6 8 8.0
 Adduction 3 94 6 3 94 6 1 1.0
 Horizontal abduction 10 86 7 9 88 6 5 5.0
 Horizontal adduction 2 95 6 3 94 6 1 1.0
 External rotation 12 84 6 9 88 6 6 6.0
 Internal rotation 13 84 7 9 88 6 6 6.0
Elbow
 Flexion 1 88 14 1 88 14 0 0
 Extension 1 88 14 2 87 14 0 0
 Pronation 2 85 16 2 84 17 0 0
 Supination 2 84 17 2 83 18 0 0
Wrist
 Ulnar deviation 11 10 82 9 9 85 4 14.3
 Radial deviation 10 10 83 9 9 85 4 13.8
 Flexion 7 12 84 9 9 85 4 13.8
 Extension 9 10 84 9 9 85 4 14.3
Metacarpophalangeal
 Flexion 7 6 90 8 5 90 2 10.0
 Extension 7 6 90 8 4 91 2 10.5
 Abduction 9 3 91 7 3 93 2 13.3
Interphalangeal
 Flexion of proximal interphalangeal 7 6 90 7 4 92 2 11.1
 Extension of distal interphalangeal 7 6 90 8 3 92 2 11.1
Thumb
 Metacarpophalangeal flexion 8 5 90 5 5 93 1 5.9
 Interphalangeal flexion 8 4 91 5 5 93 1 6.2
 Palmar abduction 7 4 92 6 4 93 1 6.7
 Radial abduction 7 4 92 6 3 94 2 13.3
 Opposition 6 4 93 5 3 95 2 14.3
  1. aNot applicable; bThe percent was calculated according to the number of applicable cases