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Table 1 Myocardial depressant factors in sepsis

From: Pathophysiology of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction

Classification Myocardial depressant factor
Cytokines Interleukin-1
Tumor necrosis factor-α
Complement components Activated complement 3
Complement anaphylatoxin (C5a)
Pathogen-associated molecular patterns LPS
Damage-associated molecular patterns High mobility group box 1
Extracellular histones
Matrix metalloproteinases Matrix metalloproteinase-9