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Table 1 Epidemic outbreaks of Ebola virus disease in Africa, 1976 to 2014

From: Ebola virus disease: from epidemiology to prophylaxis

Year Starting month Area Species Cases, n Deaths, n Fatality Ref.
1976 June South Sudan SUDV 284 151 53.2% [10]
1976 September DRC EBOV 318 280 88.1% [4]
1979 October South Sudan SUDV 34 22 64.7% [11]
1994 June Gabon EBOV 52 31 59.6% [12]
1995 April DRCa EBOV 315 250 79.4% [12]
1996 February Gabon EBOV 60 45 75.0% [12]
2000 August Uganda SUDV 425 224 52.7% [17]
2001 October DRC/Gabon EBOV 122 96 78.7% [18]
2002 December DRC EBOV 143 128 89.5% [19]
2007b April DRC EBOV 264 187 70.8% [20]
2007 December Uganda BDBV 149 37 24.8% [15]
2012 November Uganda SUDV 14 7 50.0% [21]
2012 June DRC BDBV 52 25 48.1% [16]
2014a,b March West Africa EBOV 19065 7388 38.8% [20]
  1. EBOV: Zaire ebolavirus; SUDV, Sudan ebolavirus; BDBV, ebolavirus; DRC, The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  2. aCase counts updated December 17, 2014.
  3. bData source: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/history/distribution-map [20].