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  1. Since the end of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide. The RNA genome of SARS-CoV-2, which is highly infectious ...

    Authors: Xue-Liang Peng, Ji-Si-Yu Cheng, Hai-Lun Gong, Meng-Di Yuan, Xiao-Hong Zhao, Zibiao Li and Dai-Xu Wei
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:67
  2. The healing of bone defects can be challenging for clinicians to manage, especially after exposure to ionizing radiation. In this regard, radiation therapy and accidental exposure to gamma (γ)-ray radiation ha...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Jia-Wu Liang, Song Liao, Zhi-Dong Zhao, Yu-Xing Wang, Xiao-Fei Mao, Si-Wei Hao, Yi-Fan Wang, Heng Zhu and Bin Guo
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:61
  3. Musculoskeletal injuries (MSkIs) are a leading cause of health care utilization, as well as limited duty and disability in the US military and other armed forces. MSkIs affect members of the military during in...

    Authors: Stefan Sammito, Vedran Hadzic, Thomas Karakolis, Karen R. Kelly, Susan P. Proctor, Ainars Stepens, Graham White and Wes O. Zimmermann
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:66
  4. In the case of a terrorist attack by a “dirty bomb”, blast injuries, external irradiation and the incorporation of radioactivity are to be expected. Departing from information about the radiological attack sce...

    Authors: Alexis Rump, Stefan Eder, Cornelius Hermann, Andreas Lamkowski, Patrick Ostheim, Michael Abend and Matthias Port
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:65
  5. Urinary tract infections (UTI), urolithiasis, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are three of the most common nonmalignant conditions in urology. However, there is still a lack of comprehensive and updated...

    Authors: Cong Zhu, Dan-Qi Wang, Hao Zi, Qiao Huang, Jia-Min Gu, Lu-Yao Li, Xing-Pei Guo, Fei Li, Cheng Fang, Xiao-Dong Li and Xian-Tao Zeng
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:64
  6. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subtype and occurs in approximately 15–20% of diagnosed breast cancers. TNBC is characterized by its highly metastatic and recurrent features, as wel...

    Authors: Dan-Dan Zhou, Wei-Qi Bai, Xiao-Tian Zhai, Li-Ping Sun, Yong-Su Zhen, Zhuo-Rong Li and Qing-Fang Miao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:63
  7. Disruption of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) after a stroke can lead to brain injury and neurological impairment. Previous work confirmed the involvement of the immunoproteasome subunit of low molecular mass pe...

    Authors: Xing-Yong Chen, Shao-Fen Wan, Nan-Nan Yao, Ze-Jing Lin, Yan-Guang Mao, Xiao-Hua Yu and Yin-Zhou Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:62
  8. The burden of kidney, bladder, and prostate cancers has changed in recent decades. This study aims to investigate the global and regional burden of, and attributable risk factors for genitourinary cancers duri...

    Authors: Hao Zi, Shao-Hua He, Xie-Yuan Leng, Xiao-Feng Xu, Qiao Huang, Hong Weng, Cong Zhu, Lu-Yao Li, Jia-Min Gu, Xu-Hui Li, Dao-Jing Ming, Xiao-Dong Li, Shuai Yuan, Xing-Huan Wang, Da-Lin He and Xian-Tao Zeng
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:60
  9. Administration of propofol, an intravenous anesthetic with antioxidant property, immediately at the onset of post-ischemic reperfusion (propofol postconditioning, P-PostC) has been shown to confer cardioprotec...

    Authors: Rong-Hui Han, He-Meng Huang, Hong Han, Hao Chen, Fei Zeng, Xiang Xie, Dan-Yong Liu, Yin Cai, Liang-Qing Zhang, Xin Liu, Zheng-Yuan Xia and Jing Tang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:58
  10. Targeting immune checkpoints has achieved great therapeutic effects in the treatment of early-stage tumors. However, most patients develop adaptive resistance to this therapy. The latest evidence demonstrates ...

    Authors: Cheng Xing, Heng Li, Rui-Juan Li, Le Yin, Hui-Fang Zhang, Zi-Neng Huang, Zhao Cheng, Ji Li, Zhi-Hua Wang and Hong-Ling Peng
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:56
  11. Mitochondria have been shown to play vital roles during severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development. Currently, it is unclear whet...

    Authors: Yi Wu, Xian-Hui Wang, Xi-Hua Li, Li-Yuan Song, Shi-Long Yu, Zhi-Cheng Fang, Yu-Quan Liu, Le-Yong Yuan, Chun-Yan Peng, Shen-Yi Zhang, Wang Cheng, Hong-Chao Ma, Li-Feng Wang, Jun-Ming Tang, Yun-Fu Wang and Fu-Yun Ji
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:57
  12. The military population face a unique set of risk factors that may increase the risk of being diagnosed with dementia. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a higher preva...

    Authors: Zara Raza, Syeda F. Hussain, Suzanne Ftouni, Gershon Spitz, Nick Caplin, Russell G. Foster and Renata S. M. Gomes
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:55
  13. Despite the widespread use of malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) in clinical practice, there are a lot of challenges. We conducted a secondary analysis of 129 malaria RDT data from rounds 5–8 of the World Hea...

    Authors: Biao Xu, Bo Tu, Fang Chu, Mohamed Jalloh, Jin-Song Mu, Jun-Jie Zheng and Wei-Wei Chen
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:52
  14. Periodontitis has been proposed as a novel risk factor of genitourinary cancers: although periodontitis and genitourinary cancers are two totally distinct types of disorders, epidemiological and clinical studi...

    Authors: Shuai Yuan, Cheng Fang, Wei-Dong Leng, Lan Wu, Bing-Hui Li, Xing-Huan Wang, Hailiang Hu and Xian-Tao Zeng
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:54
  15. To determine the prevalence and clinical features of olfactory and taste disorders among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. A cross-sectional study was performed in Wuhan from April 3, 2020...

    Authors: Jian-Hui Li, Yi Sun, Mei-Rong Li, Hu Yuan, Chang-Liang Yang, Cheng-Cheng Huang, Feng-Jie Zhou, Rui-Yao Chen, Lei-Bo Zhang, Ning Yu, Qiong Liu, Jing-Jing He, Xue-Jun Zhou, Xiao-Bing Fu and Shi-Ming Yang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:51
  16. The management of bacterial infections is becoming a major clinical challenge due to the rapid evolution of antibiotic resistant bacteria. As an excellent candidate to overcome antibiotic resistance, antimicro...

    Authors: Qi-Yu Zhang, Zhi-Bin Yan, Yue-Ming Meng, Xiang-Yu Hong, Gang Shao, Jun-Jie Ma, Xu-Rui Cheng, Jun Liu, Jian Kang and Cai-Yun Fu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:48
  17. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) sense viral RNA and activate antiviral immune responses. Herein we investigate their functions in human epithelia...

    Authors: Duo-Meng Yang, Ting-Ting Geng, Andrew G. Harrison and Peng-Hua Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:49
  18. SARS-CoV-2 is a newly identified member of the coronavirus family that has caused the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This rapidly evolving and unrelenting SARS-CoV-2 has disrupted the lives and ...

    Authors: Natalie Yan-Lin Pang, Alexander Shao-Rong Pang, Vincent T. Chow and De-Yun Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:47
  19. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a candidate general marker of oxidative stress (OS). We sought to assess the relation of MDA to Gulf War illness (GWI) and to a variety of exposures.

    Authors: Beatrice Alexandra Golomb, Sridevi Devaraj, Alexis K. Messner, Hayley Jean Koslik, Jun Hee Han and Barnabas Yik
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:46
  20. Many high quality studies have emerged from public databases, such as Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCG...

    Authors: Wen-Tao Wu, Yuan-Jie Li, Ao-Zi Feng, Li Li, Tao Huang, An-Ding Xu and Jun Lyu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:44
  21. Service members are at risk for sleep and psychological conditions affecting their readiness. Chronotype (“morningness” or “eveningness”) is strongly associated with sleep, health and performance. The objectiv...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Harrison, Alexandra P. Easterling, Emily A. Schmied, Suzanne L. Hurtado and Gena L. Glickman
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:43
  22. War and combat exposure pose great risks to the vision system. More recently, vision related deficiencies and impairments have become common with the increased use of powerful explosive devices and the subsequ...

    Authors: Syeda F. Hussain, Zara Raza, Andrew T. G. Cash, Thomas Zampieri, Robert A. Mazzoli, Randy H. Kardon and Renata S. M. Gomes
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:42
  23. The clinical efficiency of routine oxygen therapy is uncertain in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who do not have hypoxemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between oxygen ther...

    Authors: Yue Yu, Ren-Qi Yao, Yu-Feng Zhang, Su-Yu Wang, Wang Xi, Jun-Nan Wang, Xiao-Yi Huang, Yong-Ming Yao and Zhi-Nong Wang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:38
  24. Septic shock has a high incidence and mortality rate in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Earlier intravenous fluid resuscitation can significantly improve outcomes in septic patients but easily leads to fluid over...

    Authors: Mei-Ping Wang, Li Jiang, Bo Zhu, Bin Du, Wen Li, Yan He and Xiu-Ming Xi
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:40
  25. Meta-analysis is a statistical method to synthesize evidence from a number of independent studies, including those from clinical studies with binary outcomes. In practice, when there are zero events in one or ...

    Authors: Jia-Jin Wei, En-Xuan Lin, Jian-Dong Shi, Ke Yang, Zong-Liang Hu, Xian-Tao Zeng and Tie-Jun Tong
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:41
  26. Pituicytoma is an extremely rare low-grade glial tumor that is closely related to the neurohypophysis axis. Most studies of pituicytomas include only several cases. To better understand this disease, we review...

    Authors: Jian-Hua Cheng, Ding Nie, Bin Li, Song-Bai Gui, Chu-Zhong Li, Ya-Zhuo Zhang, Luigi Maria Cavallo and Peng Zhao
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:39
  27. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the main life-threatening complication of crush syndrome (CS), and myoglobin is accepted as the main pathogenic factor. The pattern recognition receptor retinoicacid-inducible gene...

    Authors: Peng-Tao Wang, Ning Li, Xin-Yue Wang, Jia-Le Chen, Chen-Hao Geng, Zi-Quan Liu, Hao-Jun Fan, Qi Lv, Shi-Ke Hou and Yan-Hua Gong
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:37
  28. Fluid overload (FO) after resuscitation is frequent and contributes to adverse outcomes among postinjury open abdomen (OA) patients. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a promising tool for monitoring fl...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Shi-Long Sun, Xin-Yu Wang, Cheng-Nan Chu, Ze-Hua Duan, Chao Yang, Bao-Chen Liu, Wei-Wei Ding, Wei-Qin Li and Jie-Shou Li
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:36
  29. An adequate hydration status is critical to ensure efficiency during mental and physical activities. Our goal was to assess the hydration status of a Spanish group of aeronautical military men and to determine...

    Authors: Alejandra Carretero-Krug, Natalia Úbeda, Carlos Velasco, Juan Medina-Font, Trinidad Trujillo Laguna, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras and Ana Montero
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:35
  30. The traditional Chinese medicine NiuBeiXiaoHe (NBXH) extract and Chinese medicine preparation JieHeWan (JHW) exhibit anti-tuberculosis effects. The anti- tuberculosis effect of NBXH was compared with that of J...

    Authors: Li-Yao Duan, Yan Liang, Wen-Ping Gong, Yong Xue, Jie Mi, Jie Wang, Lan Wang, Zai-Xing Jia, Hong Lei, Yu-Mei Liang, Jun Liu, Yue Zheng and Xue-Qiong Wu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:34
  31. The vital signs of trauma patients are complex and changeable, and the prediction of blood transfusion demand mainly depends on doctors’ experience and trauma scoring system; therefore, it cannot be accurately...

    Authors: Yan-Nan Feng, Zhen-Hua Xu, Jun-Ting Liu, Xiao-Lin Sun, De-Qing Wang and Yang Yu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:33
  32. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but its use remains low among U.S. military men who have sex with men (MSM), likely due to mis-matching with personal pref...

    Authors: José I. Gutierrez, Alex Dubov, Frederick L. Altice and David Vlahov
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:32
  33. In response to an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) within a cluster of Navy personnel in Sri Lanka commencing from 22nd April 2020, an aggressive outbreak management program was launched by the ...

    Authors: N. W. A. N. Y. Wijesekara, Nayomi Herath, K. A. L. C. Kodituwakku, H. D. B. Herath, Samitha Ginige, Thilanga Ruwanpathirana, Manjula Kariyawasam, Sudath Samaraweera, Anuruddha Herath, Senarupa Jayawardena and Deepa Gamge
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:31
  34. Aeromedical evacuation of patients with burn trauma is an important transport method in times of peace and war, during which patients are exposed to prolonged periods of hypobaric hypoxia; however, the effects...

    Authors: Meng-Jing Xiao, Xiao-Fang Zou, Bin Li, Bao-Long Li, Shi-Jian Wu and Bo Zhang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:30
  35. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is also a combat-related injury that is increasing in modern warfare. The aim of this work is to inform medical experts regarding the different course of bladder cancer in ab...

    Authors: Ralf Böthig, Christian Tiburtius, Wolfgang Schöps, Michael Zellner, Oliver Balzer, Birgitt Kowald, Sven Hirschfeld, Roland Thietje, Aki Pietsch, Ines Kurze, Martin Forchert, Thura Kadhum and Klaus Golka
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:29
  36. Tension pneumothorax is one of the leading causes of preventable death on the battlefield. Current prehospital diagnosis relies on a subjective clinical impression complemented by a manual thoracic and respira...

    Authors: Adir Sommer, Noy Mark, Gavriel D. Kohlberg, Rafi Gerasi, Linn Wagnert Avraham, Ruth Fan-Marko, Arik Eisenkraft and Dean Nachman
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:27
  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Meng-Meng Yang, Lu Wang, Yu Zhang, Rui Yuan, Yan Zhao, Jie Hu, Fei-Hu Zhou and Hong-Jun Kang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:26

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:40

  38. Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is caused by post-traumatic tissue injury and manifests as hypercoagulability that leads to thromboembolism or hypocoagulability that leads to uncontrollable massive hemorrhag...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Song, Li-Kun Yang, Wei Zhao, Feng Zhu, Gang Wang, Yao-Peng Chen and Wei-Qin Li
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:25
  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: An-Dong Zhao, Hua Qin, Meng-Li Sun, Kui Ma and Xiao-Bing Fu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:24

    The original article was published in Military Medical Research 2020 7:42

  40. Studies have revealed the protective effect of DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) against diseases associated with ischemic hypoxia. However, the role of NBP in animals with hypobaric hypoxia has not been elucidated....

    Authors: Gang Xu, Yi-Kun Shi, Bin-Da Sun, Lu Liu, Guo-Ji E., Shu He, Jian-Yang Zhang, Bao Liu, Qiu Hu, Jian Chen, Yu-Qi Gao and Er-Long Zhang
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:23
  41. To develop an effective model of predicting fatal outcomes in the severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

    Authors: Yun Yang, Xiao-Fei Zhu, Jian Huang, Cui Chen, Yang Zheng, Wei He, Ling-Hao Zhao, Qian Gao, Xuan-Xuan Huang, Li-Juan Fu, Yu Zhang, Yan-Qin Chang, Huo-Jun Zhang and Zhi-Jie Lu
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:21
  42. Battlefield internal medicine aims at the treatment of combatants and noncombatants with various internal diseases on the battlefield. The military medical research on battlefield internal diseases focuses on ...

    Authors: Guang-Dong Liu, Nan Wang, Hai-Ming Wang, Xin Li, Jun-Jie Shao, Zi-Fan Liu, Min Jiang, Lin Wang, Zi-Kai Wang, Meng Li, Xue-Ying Cao, Jiang Wang, Ran Zhang and Yun-Dai Chen
    Citation: Military Medical Research 2021 8:20