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Table 1 Overview of main medical public database

From: Data mining in clinical big data: the frequently used databases, steps, and methodological models

Database Range Location Founded year Cost URL References
Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Tumor USA 1973 Partially free https://seer.cancer.gov/ [11]
Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC) Intensive medical USA 2001 Free https://mimic.physionet.org/ [12]
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Children and adults health USA 1999 Free https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/ [13]
Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Epidemic trends and burden of disease Global 1988 Free http://ghdx.healthdata.org/ [14]
UK Biobank (UKB) Health-related genetic data and phenotypic data UK 2006 Partially free https://www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/ [15]
The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Cancer genomics USA 2006 Free http://cancergenome.nih.gov/ [16]
Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) Sequencing and gene expression USA 2000 Free https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/ [17]
International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) Cancer genomics Global 2008 Free https://dcc.icgc.org/ [18]
China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) Chronic diseases China 2004 Partially free https://www.ckbiobank.org/site/ [19]
Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) Environmental chemicals and human health USA 2004 Free http://ctdbase.org/ [20]
Paediatric Intensive Care (PIC) Paediatric Intensive China 2010 Free http://pic.nbscn.org/ [21]
Biologic Specimen and Data Repositories Information Coordinating Center (BioLINCC) Cardiovascular, pulmonary, and hematological USA 2009 Free https://biolincc.nhlbi.nih.gov/ [22]
China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) Health and nutrition China 1989 Partially free http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/china [23]
China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) Ageing and health China 2011 Free http://charls.pku.edu.cn/ [24]
eICU Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD) Intensive medical USA 2018 Free https://eicu-crd.mit.edu/ [25]
Health and Retirement Study (HRS) Aging health and social support Global 1992 Free https://hrs.isr.umich.edu/ [26]