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Table 3 Total water intake, water loss, water balance, and total water intake/weight by hydration status (\( \overline{x} \) ± s)

From: Hydration status, body composition, and anxiety status in aeronautical military personnel from Spain: a cross-sectional study

Item Not meet hydration criteria (n = 36) Meet hydration criteria (n = 152) P value
Water from beverages (ml/d) 1704.4 ± 489.9 2947.6 ± 865.5 0.002*
Water from food (ml/d) 574.1 ± 250.4 847.9 ± 427.7 0.005*
Total water intake (ml/d) 2278.4 ± 473.6 3800.4 ± 1016.4 0.000*
Water loss (ml/d) 3383.3 ± 1130.9 3406.9 ± 1079.5 0.975
Water balance (ml/d) − 1104.8 ± 996.6 371.1 ± 1193.5 0.034*
Total water intake/weight (ml/kg) 27.1 ± 5.4 47.6 ± 13.8 0.000*
Water loss/weight (ml/kg) 40.1 ± 12.4 42.9 ± 14.9 0.172
  1. P value derived through Student’s t-test
  2. *Significant differences between groups (Student’s t-test, P ≤ 0.05)