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Table 1 Basic demographics and pain characteristics of adolescents with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)

From: Impact of adolescent complex regional pain syndrome on the psychopathology of young men ahead of military service: a retrospective cohort analysis of Korean conscription data

Characteristic Value
Age [year, median (range)] 19.3 (19–20)
Male [n (%)] 63 (100)
Education [n (%)]
 College or more 40 (63.5)
 High school or less 23 (36.5)
Socioeconomic status [n (%)]
 High 8 (12.7)
 Middle 33 (52.4)
 Low 22 (34.9)
Parental coresidence status [n (%)]
 Both 54 (85.7)
 One parent 8 (12.7)
 None 1 (1.6)
Abnormal MPI results [n (%)] 20 (31.7)
mCSS (2–9, x ± s) 4.05 ± 1.58
NRS (0–10, x ± s) 6.25 ± 1.57
Pain duration (month, x ± s) 27.41 ± 2.67
CRPS type [n (%)]
 I 49 (77.8)
 II 14 (22.2)
Affected site [n (%)]
 Upper extremity 18 (28.6)
 Lower extremity 43 (68.3)
 Multiple 2 (3.2)
Symptomatic presentation [n (%)]
 Allodynia 45 (71.4)
 Hyperalgesia 42 (66.7)
 Temperature asymmetry 34 (54.0)
 Skin color asymmetry 36 (57.1)
 Sweating asymmetry 28 (44.4)
 Asymmetric edema 26 (41.3)
 Trophic changes 12 (19.0)
 Motor dysfunction 21 (33.3)
 Decreased active range of motion 8 (12.7)
Treatment [n (%)]
 Physical or pharmacological therapy 21 (33.3)
 Sympathetic nerve intervention 33 (52.4)
 Spinal cord stimulation 9 (14.3)
  1. MPI Military Personality Inventory, mCSS Modified Complex regional pain syndrome Severity Score, NRS Numerical rating scale, CRPS Complex regional pain syndrome