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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression predicting any psychiatric service utilization controlling for current PTSD, depression, AUDIT-C positive status, and high global severity among veterans (N = 1666)a

From: Mental health status in veterans residing in rural versus non-rural areas: results from the veterans’ health study

Variables OR 95% CI P
Age (in years) 0.98 0.97–0.99 0.003
Female Sex 2.89 1.59–5.26 0.001
White Race 1.10 0.56–2.15 0.793
Income Over $100 k 0.90 0.64–1.26 0.532
Multiple Tours 1.15 0.86–1.54 0.341
Combat High 1.68 1.21–2.33 0.002
Concussion History 2.19 1.61–2.99 < 0.001
High Stress, Past Year 1.75 1.26–2.43 0.001
High Lifetime Trauma 1.82 1.32–2.52 < 0.001
Low Social Support 1.03 0.72–1.48 0.886
Low Social Capital 1.54 1.11–2.14 0.010
High Global Severity (BSI-18) 2.50 1.59–3.93 < 0.001
AUDIT-C Positive 0.90 0.65–1.25 0.517
Current PTSD 3.17 1.79–5.61 < 0.001
Current Major Depression 6.73 3.90–11.62 < 0.001
Rural Residence 0.70 0.52–0.93 0.013
  1. aModel N = 1666 due to missing data