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Table 2 Rural vs. non-rural residence by mental health status measures (N = 1692)

From: Mental health status in veterans residing in rural versus non-rural areas: results from the veterans’ health study

Item Study variable (totals) [n(%)] Residencea OR P
Non-rural (%) Rural (%)
bGlobal severity (BSI-18)
  High [213(12.8)] 14.9 10.2 0.65 0.003
  Not high [1457 (87.2)] 85.1 89.8 1.00
Depression
  Current depressive disorder [141 (8.3)] 8.6 8.0 0.91 0.606
  No current depressive disorder [1551 (91.7)] 91.4 92.0 1.00
PTSD
  Yes in past year [130 (7.7)] 8.8 6.4 0.71 0.067
  No in past year [1562 (92.3)] 91.2 93.6 1.00
Alcohol use
  Positive AUDIT-C Alc. screen [411 (24.3)] 25.8 22.4 0.83 0.103
  Negative AUDIT-C Alc. screen [1281 (75.7)] 74.2 77.6 1.00
Head trauma
  In-service concussion [480 (28.4)] 28.5 28.2 0.98 0.863
  No in-service concussion [1212 (71.6)] 71.5 71.8 1.00
VA service
  Currently using [845 (49.9)] 49.4 50.6 1.05 0.629
  Not currently using [847 (50.1)] 50.6 49.4 1.00
Psych service (any)
  Used psych services in past year [397 (23.5)] 26.9 19.3 0.65 < 0.001
  No psych services in past year [1295 (76.5)] 73.1 80.7 1.00
  1. aBased on column percent. bFor global severity n = 1670 due to missing data on this measure. Altogether, 38 veterans had missing zipcode data and excluded from this analysis