Skip to main content

Table 1 The Haddon matrix and traffic accidents

From: Using the Haddon matrix to explore medical response strategies for terrorist subway bombings

Phase Host Agent/Vehicle Physical environment Social environment/Organizational culture
Pre-crash •Information
•Attitude
•Traffic police officers’ law enforcement efforts
•...
•Lighting
•Brakes
•Vehicle performance
•...
•Road design and layout
•Inadequate signage
•...
•Speed limits
•...
Crash •Use of fixtures
•Degree of traffic crash injuries
•...
•Role of fixtures
•Anti-collision design
•...
•Collision-protection facilities on the road
•...
•...
Post-crash •Organization of the medical response
•First-aid level
•...
•Risk of a vehicle fire
•Difficulties when entering and exiting the vehicle
•...
•Suitable rescue equipment
•Traffic congestion
•...
•Assistance from family and society
•Insurance
•...
  1. …: The matrix presented here only serves as an example, “…” indicates the remaining factors