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Table 2 Comparison between mode and gradient with their significance, pairwise comparison, P value and F value for the different parameters

From: Effect of heavy load carriage on cardiorespiratory responses with varying gradients and modes of carriage

Dependent variable Independent variable F value P value Post hoc Bonferroni test (pairwise comparison)
HR (beats/min) Mode F(2, 10) = 50.92 0.000* M1-M2* (0.001)
M2-M3, NS
Gradient F(4, 20) = 275.55 0.000* G1- G3*(0.000)
G1- G4*(0.000)
G1- G5*(0.000)
G2- G3*(0.025)
G2- G4*(0.001)
G2- G5*(0.000)
G3- G4*(0.000)
G3- G5*(0.000)
G4- G5*(0.001)
Mode × Gradient F(8, 40) = 12.015 0.000*
RF (breaths/min) Mode F(1.112, 5.560) = 17.104 0.000* M1-M2*(0.000)
M2-M3, NS
Gradient F(4, 20) = 19.679 0.001* G2- G5*(0.022)
G3- G5*(0.027)
G4- G5*(0.004)
Mode × Gradient F(8, 40) = 5.137 0.000*
VO2 [ml/(min·kg)] Mode F(2, 10) = 4.991 0.000* M1-M2, NS
M2-M3, NS
Gradient F(4, 20) = 963.97 0.031* G1- G3*(0.000)
G1- G4*(0.000)
G1- G5*(0.000)
G2- G3*(0.000)
G2- G4*(0.000)
G2- G5*(0.000)
G3- G4*(0.000)
G3- G5*(0.000)
G4- G5*(0.000)
Mode × Gradient F(8, 40) = 5.663 0.000*
EE (kcal/min) Mode F(2, 10) = 4.802 0.000* M1-M2, NS
M2-M3, NS
Gradient F(4, 20) = 957.28 0.035* G1- G3*(0.000)
G1- G4*(0.000)
G1- G5*(0.000)
G2- G3*(0.000)
G2- G4*(0.000)
G2- G5*(0.000)
G3- G4*(0.000)
G3- G5*(0.000)
G4- G5*(0.000)
Mode × Gradient F(8, 40) = 6.789 0.000*
  1. HR Heart rate, VO2 Oxygen consumption, EE Energy expenditure, RF Respiratory frequency; *P < 0.05; NS Not significant, G1. Grade 1, −10%; G2. Grade 2, −5%; G3. Grade 3, 0%; G4. Grade 4, 5%; G5. Grade 5, 10%; M1. Mode 1, NL; M2. Mode 2, distributed mode; M3. Mode 3, compact mode; “-”. No data