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Table 2 Mean scores for each outcome measure across time

From: Effects of therapeutic horseback riding on post-traumatic stress disorder in military veterans

Item Wait-list control group data Riding group data
Baseline (n = 14) Week 3 (n = 13) Week 6 (n = 13) Baseline (n = 28) Week 3 (n = 23) Week 6 (n = 19)
PTSD symptoms 58.36 ± 16.40 (21–75) 57.62 ± 13.15 (31–78) 59.23 ± 14.29 (31–76) 57.72 ± 14.63 (29–79) 53.22 ± 13.8 (28–82)* 47.00 ± 14.67 (26-78)*
Coping self-efficacy 114.43 ± 64.02 5–255) 103.38 ± 61.08 (0–255) 115.00 ± 48.17 (61–236) 115.59 ± 50.55 (20–236) 116.09 ± 50.68 (34–209) 130.21 ± 51.84 (29–234)
Emotion regulation 113.50 ± 27.80 (58–149) 109.46 ± 24.33 (58–147) 110.00 ± 32.07 (43–154) 106.00 ± 29.60 (43–163) 108.65 ± 21.46 (67–147) 99.42 ± 18.31 (70–132)
Social and emotional loneliness 49.35 ± 5.06 (39–57) 52.08 ± 12.47 (27–74) 53.61 ± 8.03 (42–66) 50.38 ± 11.92 (20–72) 53.52 ± 13.70 (28–85) 57.00 ± 10.29 (42–80)
  1. *Change from previous time point statistically significant at P < 0.05
  2. The Riding group data comprise the data of waitlist control group collected at 0-, 3-, 6-week after THR following 6-week waiting and those of treatment group collected at 0-, 3-, 6-week after THR