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Table 1 Demographic parameters at baseline between subjects with successful and unsuccessful outcomes

From: Identifying prognostic factors for conservative treatment outcomes in servicemen with chronic exertional compartment syndrome treated at a rehabilitation center

Item Successful (n = 25) Unsuccessful (n = 20) P value Statistical method
Age (year, median (range)) 23.0 (19–40) 22.5 (18–34) 0.96 M-U
Male (n) 24 20 0.37 χ2
Military service (n)    0.23 χ2
 Army 21 16   
 Air force 2 1   
 Navy 1 2   
 Military police 1 1   
Sports behavior (n)    0.26 χ2
 Military sports 15 9   
 Running 14 8   
 Soccer 5 5   
 Fitness 10 13   
 Remaining 2 6   
Duration of military service (month, median (IQR)) 21 (12, 55) 32 (10, 82) 0.79 M-U
IMP (mmHg, x ± SD) 63.33 ± 15.49 65.01 ± 16.37 0.42 T
BMI (n)    0.95 χ2
 Normal (<25 kg/m2) 11 9   
 Overweight (≥25 kg/m2) 14 11   
Body fat percentage (n)    0.130 χ2
 Normal 6 10   
 Overweight 16 10   
 Missing 3 0   
PSEQ (median (range)) 48 (22–60) 46 (25–58) 0.44 M-U
Other comorbidity (n)    0.75 χ2
 Yes 6 4   
 No 19 16   
Use of protein (n)    1.00 χ2
 Yes 15 12   
 No 10 8   
Use of creatine (n)    0.64 χ2
 Yes 13 9   
 No 12 11   
Fasciotomy > 1 year ago (n)    0.41 χ2
 Yes 3 0   
 No 22 20   
Smoking (n)    0.95 χ2
 Yes 11 9   
 No 14 11   
Alcohol use (n)    0.24 χ2
Yes 16 16   
No 9 4   
Foot alignment (n)    0.11 χ2
 Normal 13 15   
 Abnormal 12 5   
Complaint duration (months, n)    0.53 χ2
 3–6 10 4   
 7–10 3 4   
 11–12 2 2   
  > 12 10 10   
Recurrence (n)    0.49 χ2
 Yes 10 6   
 No 15 14   
Physical demands (n)    0.57 χ2
 Low 14 9   
 High 11 10   
 Missing 0 1   
  1. IMP Intramuscular pressure, BMI Body mass index, IQR Inter-quartile range, M-U Mann-Whitney U test, T Student’s t - test, PSEQ Pain self-efficacy questionnaire, χ 2 Chi-Square test