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Table 3 The influence of microwave radiation on learning and memory

From: Recent advances in the effects of microwave radiation on brains

Item Reference Method Sample/Model Exposure condition Results
Negative effects Sareesh et al. 2009 MWM Male Wistar rats (10–12 weeks old) 50 missed calls/day for 4 weeks from a GSM (900/1800 MHz) mobile phone in vibratory mode (no ring tone) Mobile phone exposure affected the acquisition of learned responses in Wistar rats
Wang et al. 2013 MWM Male Wistar rats 2.856 GHz pulsed microwave field for 6 min (unexposed, 5, 10 and 50 mW/cm2) 10 and 50 mW/cm2 displayed significant deficits inspatial learning and memory
Lai et al. 1994 12 radial-arm maze Rats Exposure to pulsed 2450 MHz microwaves for 45 min Deficit in spatial “working memory” function
Neutral effects Cassel et al. 2004 12 radial-arm maze Rats 2.45 GHz microwaves (500 pps, pulse width = 2 μs, average whole body SAR = 0.6 W/kg for 45 min) Microwave-induced behavioral alterations measured by Lai had more to do with factors related to performance bias than to spatial working memory
Cosquer et al. 2005 12 radial-arm maze Rats Whole-body exposure to 2.45 GHz electromagnetic fields Radial-arm maze performance in rats did not changed
Cobb et al. 2004 12 radial-arm maze Rats 45 min exposure to 2450 MHz fields at whole body SARs of 0.6 W/kg (500pps, pulse width = 2 μs); pre-exposure injection of one of three psychoactive compounds or saline Exposure to microwave radiation did not cause decrements in the ability of rats to learn the spatial memory task
  1. GSM Global system for mobile communication, MWM Millimeter wave mixer