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Table 2 Association of injury-related factors with psychological symptoms in the SCL-90-R (n = 215)

From: Mental health among Iranian combat veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal injuries

Item n (%) SCL-90-R subscales GSI
Somatization Obsessions-compulsions Interpersonal sensitivity Depression Anxiety Hostility Phobic anxiety Paranoid ideation Psychoticism
Disability rating
  < 30% 94(43.7%) 1.5 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6
  ≥ 30% 121(56.3%) 1.5 ± 0.8 1.2 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 0.7 ± 0.6 1.0 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
P value   0.921 0.018 0.027 0.144 0.103 0.186 0.005 0.064 0.132 0.062
Age at the time of injury (year)
  ≤ 27 105(48.8%) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
  > 27 110(51.2%) 1.6 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 0.9 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6
P value   0.093 0.069 0.007 0.002 0.043 0.211 0.528 0.006 0.069 0.017
Associate injury
 No 59(27.4%) 1.3 ± 0.8 1.2 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 0.7 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.6
 Yes 156(72.6%) 1.6 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
P value   0.006 0.106 0.162 0.083 0.007 0.003 0.110 0.159 0.104 0.022
Limb disability
 No 72(33.5%) 1.2 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 0.6 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 0.7 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.6
 Yes 143(66.5%) 1.7 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6
P value   <0.001 <0.001 0.005 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 <0.001
Head injury
 No 169(78.6%) 1.4 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.5
 Yes 46(21.4%) 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
P value   0.004 0.161 0.126 0.199 0.014 0.128 0.202 0.432 0.061 0.039
Facial injury
 No 177(82.3%) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
 Yes 38(17.7%) 1.9 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.5
P value   0.001 0.230 0.310 0.138 0.008 0.011 0.545 0.484 0.239 0.050
Thoracic injury
 No 191(88.8%) 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
 Yes 24(11.2%) 1.8 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.6
P value   0.056 0.129 0.252 0.238 0.123 0.28 0.303 0.845 0.120 0.133
Abdominal injury
 No 171(79.5%) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
 Yes 44(20.5%) 1.8 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.8 1.1 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6
P value   0.004 0.111 0.091 0.322 0.027 0.138 0.194 0.097 0.021 0.033
Upper limb injury
 No 155(72.1%) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
 Yes 60(27.9%) 1.6 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.5
P value   0.077 0.488 0.585 0.911 0.367 0.206 0.790 0.049 0.321 0.852
Back and spinal injury
 No 178(82.8%) 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
 Yes 37(17.2%) 1.6 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
P value   0.191 0.797 0.479 0.907 0.691 0.192 0.984 0.801 0.530 0.566
Hospitalization due to injury
 No 184(85.6%) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6
 Yes 31(14.4%) 1.8 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.9 1.2 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6
P value   0.009 0.052 0.104 0.010 0.027 0.057 0.478 0.035 0.026 0.016
Hospitalization for other reasons
 No 190(88.4%) 1.5 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 0.9 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.6
 Yes 25(11.6%) 1.9 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.6 0.9 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.4
P value   0.003 0.044 0.050 0.013 0.132 0.366 0.662 0.120 0.733 0.039