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Table 2 Associations of periodontal status (CPI) with several independent variables

From: Effect of westernization on oral health among college students of Udaipur City, India

Variables Community Periodontal Index scores [n (%)]
Healthy Bleeding Calculus Pocket (4–5 mm) Pocket (6 mm or more) P value
Gender       0.24
 Male (n = 435) 107 (24.6) 128 (29.4) 124 (28.5) 66 (15.2) 10 (2.3)  
 Female (n = 365) 74 (20.3) 101 (27.7) 118 (32.3) 56 (15.3) 16 (4.4)
Socioeconomic status       0.75
 Low (n = 190) 49 (25.8) 49 (25.8) 58 (30.5) 28 (14.7) 6 (3.2)  
 Medium (n = 398) 89 (22.4) 120 (30.2) 113 (28.4) 65 (16.3) 11 (2.8)
 High (n = 212) 43 (20.3) 60 (28.3) 71 (33.5) 29 (143.7) 9 (4.2)
Adverse habits       0.001*
 Present (n = 368) 123 (33.4) 122 (33.2) 87 (23.6) 28 (7.6) 8 (2.2)  
 Absent (n = 432) 58 (13.4) 107 (24.8) 155 (35.9) 94 (21.8) 18 (4.2)
Western scale
 Language preference
  Speak with mother or father in English (n = 72) 17 (23.6) 29 (40.3) 14 (19.4) 9 (12.5) 3 (4.2) 0.11
  Speak with siblings in English (n = 55) 33 (60.0) 9 (14.5) 8 (7.3) 4 (16.4) 1 (1.8) 0.21
  Speak with friends in English (n = 64) 30 (46.9) 19 (29.7) 9 (14.1) 6 (9.37) 0 0.35
 Media preference
  Watch English TV shows (n = 452) 122 (27.0) 118 (260.1) 130 (28.8) 67 (14.8) 15 (3.3) 0.10
  Watch English movies or films (n = 520) 134 (25.8) 148 (28.5) 143 (27.5) 77 (14.8) 18 (3.5) 0.07
  Listen to English music (n = 581) 135 (23.2) 149 (25.6) 170 (29.3) 107 (18.4) 20 (3.4) 0.03*
 Preference for food
  Eat English food for lunch (n = 616) 151 (24.5) 200 (32.5) 166 (26.9) 85 (13.8) 14 (2.3) 0.001*
  Eat English food for a snack (n = 624) 141 (22.6) 174 (27.9) 188 (30.1) 98 (15.7) 23 (3.7) 0.001*
  Eat English food for dessert (n = 561) 124 (22.1) 167 (29.8) 163 (29.1) 84 (15.0) 23 (4.1) 0.04*
 Other consumer goods
  Wear Western clothing (n = 297) 79 (26.6) 91 (30.6) 85 (28.6) 37 (12.5) 5 (1.7) 0.23
  Go to a Western coffee house (544) 25 (23.0) 142 (26.1) 169 (31.1) 87 (16.0) 21 (3.9) 0.05
  Go to a Western-type shopping mall (n = 552) 130 (23.6) 154 (27.9) 161 (29.2) 84 (15.2) 23 (4.2) 0.17
  1. Test applied Chi-square test, *statistically significant at P < 0.05