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Table 1 Distribution of four domains of the western scale [n (%)]

From: Effect of westernization on oral health among college students of Udaipur City, India

Western scale Never Sometimes Often Very often
Language preference
 Speak with mother or father in English 648 (81.0) 80 (10.0) 48 (6.0) 24 (3.0)
 Speak with siblings in English 437 (54.6) 308 (38.5) 7 (0.9) 48 (6.0)
 Speak with friends in English 432 (54.0) 304 (38.0) 2 (0.2) 62 (7.7)
Media preference
 Watch English TV shows 192 (24.0) 156 (19.5) 168 (21.0) 284 (35.5)
 Watch English movies or films 88 (11.0) 192 (24.0) 412 (51.5) 108 (13.5)
 Listen to English music 129 (16.1) 90 (11.3) 474 (59.3) 107 (13.4)
Preference for food
 Eat English food for lunch 80 (10.0) 104 (13.0) 184 (23.0) 432 (54.0)
 Eat English food for a snack 88 (11.0) 88 (11.0) 360 (45.o) 264 (33.0)
 Eat English food for dessert 106 (13.3) 133 (16.6) 290 (36.3) 271 (33.9)
Other consumer goods
 Wear Western clothing 192 (24.0) 311 (38.9) 213 (26.6) 84 (10.5)
 Go to a Western coffee house 84 (10.5) 172 (21.5) 280 (27.0) 264 (42.0)
 Go to a Western-type shopping mall 76 (2.5) 172 (9.5) 216 (31.0) 336 (57.0)