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Table 4 Upper extremity muscle strength in bilateral upper limb amputees (n = 206)

From: A comprehensive musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous system assessment of war-related bilateral upper extremity amputees

Joint Right side Left side Total limited
Normal Good Fair/Poor Trace/None Normal Good Fair/Poor Trace/None n %a
Scapula
 Elevation 93 7 0 1 87 10 0 0 18 9.1
 Depression 92 8 0 1 86 11 0 0 20 10.1
 Protraction 89 8 0 3 83 7 5 2 25 12.6
 Retraction 86 11 1 3 79 9 6 2 32 16.1
Shoulder
 Flexion 86 9 0 1 83 8 2 0 20 10.8
 Extension 85 10 0 1 82 8 2 0 21 11.3
 Abduction 77 15 2 1 77 11 4 0 33 17.7
 Adduction 84 9 1 1 79 9 3 0 24 12.4
 Horizontal abduction 82 11 2 1 78 9 4 0 27 14.5
 Horizontal adduction 83 11 0 1 78 9 3 0 24 12.9
 External rotation 75 16 3 1 77 11 3 1 35 18.8
 Internal rotation 74 16 3 1 77 11 3 1 35 18.8
Elbow
 Flexion 78 6 1 2 75 8 0 1 18 10.5
 Extension 78 6 1 2 75 8 0 1 18 10.5
 Pronation 76 5 1 1 71 9 0 1 17 10.4
 Supination 76 4 1 1 71 8 0 1 15 9.3
Wrist
 Ulnar deviation 7 3 1 5 7 2 0 5 16 53.3
 Radial deviation 7 3 1 5 7 2 0 5 16 53.3
 Flexion 7 5 0 4 7 2 0 5 16 53.3
 Extension 8 4 1 3 7 2 0 5 15 50.0
Metacarpophalangeal
 Flexion 4 1 2 4 3 0 2 4 13 65.0
 Extension 4 1 2 4 3 0 2 3 12 63.2
 Abduction 4 0 3 3 3 0 1 2 9 56.3
Interphalangeal
 Flexion of proximal interphalangeal 4 0 3 4 3 0 2 2 11 61.1
 Extension of distal interphalangeal 4 0 4 3 3 0 2 2 11 61.1
Thumb
 Metacarpophalangeal flexion 3 1 4 2 2 0 1 3 11 68.8
 Interphalangeal flexion 2 1 4 2 2 0 1 3 11 73.3
 Palmar abduction 2 1 3 2 3 0 1 3 10 66.7
 Radial abduction 2 1 3 2 3 0 1 3 10 66.7
 Opposition 2 0 3 3 3 0 1 3 10 66.7
  1. aThe percent was calculated according to the number of applicable cases