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Table 2 Passive range of motion of upper extremity joints in bilateral upper limb amputees (n = 103)

From: A comprehensive musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous system assessment of war-related bilateral upper extremity amputees

Joint Right side Left side Unilateral/Bilateral limited
Limited Normal NAa Limited Normal NA n %b
Scapula
 Elevation 0 100 3 0 101 2 0 0
 Depression 0 100 3 1 100 2 0 0
 Protraction 1 99 3 2 99 2 1 1.0
 Retraction 2 98 3 4 97 2 2 2.0
Shoulder
 Flexion 0 96 7 1 97 5 0 0
 Extension 1 95 7 1 96 6 0 0
 Abduction 4 92 7 3 94 6 3 3.0
 Adduction 0 96 7 0 97 6 0 0
 Horizontal abduction 1 95 7 2 95 6 1 1.0
 Horizontal adduction 0 94 9 2 95 6 0 0
 External rotation 2 94 7 2 95 6 1 1.0
 Internal rotation 2 92 9 2 95 6 1 1.0
Elbow
 Flexion 0 88 15 0 89 14 0 0
 Extension 0 88 15 0 89 14 0 0
 Pronation 1 85 17 1 85 17 0 0
 Supination 1 84 18 1 84 18 0 0
Wrist
 Ulnar deviation 8 12 83 8 10 85 3 10.7
 Radial deviation 8 13 82 7 11 85 3 10.3
 Flexion 7 14 82 7 11 85 3 10.3
 Extension 7 13 83 7 11 85 3 10.7
Metacarpophalangeal
 Flexion 6 7 90 7 6 90 2 10.0
 Extension 6 7 90 6 6 91 2 10.5
 Abduction 8 4 91 6 5 92 2 13.3
Interphalangeal
 Flexion of proximal interphalangeal 6 7 90 5 6 92 2 11.1
 Extension of distal interphalangeal 6 7 90 6 5 92 2 11.1
Thumb
 Metacarpophalangeal flexion 5 7 91 5 5 93 1 5.9
 Interphalangeal flexion 5 6 92 5 5 93 1 6.2
 Palmar abduction 5 5 93 6 4 93 1 6.7
 Radial abduction 6 4 93 6 3 94 1 6.7
 Opposition 5 4 94 4 4 95 1 7.1
  1. aNot applicable; bThe percent was calculated according to the number of applicable cases