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Table 1 Summary of studies investigating the relationship between quality of life and hearing loss measures among the veteran military population

From: The impact of hearing impairment and noise-induced hearing injury on quality of life in the active-duty military population: challenges to the study of this issue

Study QOL measurement Population Findings/conclusions
Mulrow et al. (1990) [15] Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), Quantified Denver Scale of Communication Function (QDS), Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Self-Evaluation of Life Function (SELF) Older adult veterans Hearing loss is associated with important adverse effects on the quality of life of elderly persons, effects which are reversible with hearing aids.
Quality-of-life changes and hearing impairment randomized trial.
Mulrow, Tuley, and Aguilar, (1992) [24] HHIE, QDS, GDS, SPMSQ Hearing impaired veterans All QOL areas improved significantly from baseline to 4 months. Social and emotional HHIE, communication QDS, and depression GDS benefits were sustained at 8-12 months, but cognitive changes reverted to baseline at 12 months SPMSQ.
Sustained benefits of hearing aids
Hawkins et al. (2012) [30] Veterans RAND 12-item Data from Health Update Survey –10 % of 5,515 eligible adults with AARP Medicare Supplement Plan responded Hearing impairment was strongly associated with a lower quality of life from both a physical and mental health standpoint.
The prevalence of hearing impairment and its burden on the quality of life among adults with Medicare Supplement Insurance
Tambs (2004) [37] One-page hearing questionnaire which included symptoms checklist-25, four tapping symptoms of anxiety and 6 tapping depression. HUNT Q1 and Q2 50,398 subjects, ages 20-101, Norway, included those who served in military service Hearing loss is associated with substantially reduced mental health ratings among some young and middle-aged persons but usually does not significantly affect mental health among older persons.
Moderate Effects of Hearing Loss on Mental Health and Subjective Well-Being: Results from the Nord-Trondelag Hearing Loss Study
Abrams, Chisolm, McArdle (2002) [28] Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form – modified for Veteran population (SF-36 V) Veterans Of the two arms in the study, the arm that was given both the hearing aid and audiological rehabilitation interventions saved $28.09 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) compared to hearing aid intervention only arm.
A cost-utility analysis of adult group audiologic rehabilitation: Are the benefits worth the cost?
Yueh et al. (2010) [26] RAND-36 (formerly called SF-36 V) Veterans No statistically significant differences in RAND-36 measurements were found.
Long‐Term Effectiveness of Screening for Hearing Loss: The Screening for Auditory Impairment—Which Hearing Assessment Test (SAI‐WHAT) Randomized Trial