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Table 6 Comparison of good outcome at 1 year

From: Can minimally invasive puncture and drainage for hypertensive spontaneous Basal Ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage improve patient outcome: a prospective non-randomized comparative study

  All Patients n (%) Groups
     A (n = 84)   B (n = 114)   
  Bad (GOS3) Good (GOS > 3) P Bad (GOS3) Good (GOS > 3) Total Bad (GOS3) Good (GOS > 3) Total P
  145 (73.2) 53 (26.8)   51 (60.7) 33 (39.3) 84 94 (82.5) 20 (17.5) 114 0.001
Age           0.001
60 85 (65.4) 45 (34.6) 0.001 18 (40.0) 27 (60.0) 45 67 (78.8) 18 (21.2) 85 <0.001
 > 60 60 (88.2) 8 (11.8) 33 (84.6) 6 (15.4) 39 27 (93.1) 2 (6.9) 29 0.451
Gender           0.001
 Female 40 (74.1) 14 (25.9) 0.870 15 (68.2) 7 (31.8) 22 25 (78.1) 7 (21.9) 32 0.417
 Male 105 (72.9) 39 (27.1) 36 (58.1) 26 (41.9) 62 69 (84.1) 13 (15.9) 82 0.001
Diabetes           0.001
 No 85 (66.9) 42 (33.1) 0.008 32 (53.3) 28 (46.7) 60 53 (79.1) 14 (20.9) 67 0.002
 Yes 60 (84.5) 11 (15.5) 19 (79.2) 5 (20.8) 24 41 (87.2) 6 (12.8) 47 0.490
GCS    <0.001        0.004
 15-13 (grade 1) 14 (46.7) 17 (53.3)   5 (29.4) 12 (70.6) 17 9 (69.2) 4 (30.8) 13 0.033
 12-7 (grade 2) 55 (62.5) 33 (37.5) 0.130a 18 (48.6) 19 (51.4) 37 37 (72.5) 14 (27.5) 51 0.023
 6-3 (grade 3) 76 (95.0) 4 (5.0) <0.001b 28 (93.3) 2 (6.7) 30 48 (96.0) 2 (4.0) 50 0.705
NIHSS    <0.001        0.001
 <15 (grade 1) 15 (46.9) 17 (53.1)   4 (23.5) 13 (76.5) 17 11 (73.3) 4 (26.7) 15 0.006
 15-20 (grade 2) 28 (56.0) 22 (44.0) 0.422a 10 (45.5) 12 (54.5) 22 18 (64.3) 10 (35.7) 28 0.187
 >20 (grade 3) 102 (87.9) 14 (12.1) <0.001b 37 (82.2) 8 (17.8) 45 65 (91.5) 6 (8.5) 71 0.135
HV , mL           0.001
60 80 (61.1) 51 (38.9) <0.001 29 (47.5) 32 (52.5) 61 51 (72.9) 19 (27.1) 70 0.003
 > 60 65 (97.0) 2 (3.0) 22 (95.7) 1 (4.3) 23 43 (97.7) 1 (2.3) 44 1.000
IVH    <0.001        0.001
 0 31 (48.4) 32 (51.6)   10 (33.3) 20 (66.7) 30 21 (61.8) 13 (38.2) 34 0.024
 1-4 (grade 1) 43 (69.4) 19 (30.6) 0.018c 14 (51.9) 13 (48.1) 27 29 (82.9) 6(17.1) 35 0.009
 5-8 (grade 2) 36 (100.0) 0 <0.001a 15 (100.0) 0 15 21 (100.0) 0 21 1.000
 9-12 (grade 3) 35 (97.2) 1 (2.8) 1.000 12 (100.0) 0 12 23 (95.8) 1 (4.2) 24 1.000
Complications, n (%)          
RB           0.001
 No 136 (72.0) 53 (28.0) 0.116 50 (60.2) 33 (39.8) 83 86 (81.1) 20 (18.9) 106 0.002
 Yes 9 (100.0) 0 1 (100.0) 0 1 8 (100) 0 8 1.000
RF           0.001
 NO 124 (70.1) 53 (29.9) 0.003 46 (58.2) 33 (41.8) 79 78 (79.6) 20 (20.4) 98 0.002
 Yes 21 (100.0) 0 5 (100.0) 0 5 16 (100.0) 0 16 1.000
PI           0.001
 No 70 (60.3) 46 (39.7) <0.001 22 (44.0) 28 (56.0) 50 48 (72.7) 18 (27.3) 66 0.002
 Yes 75 (91.5) 7 (8.5) 29 (85.3) 5 (14.7) 34 46 (95.8) 2 (4.2) 48 0.120
UGB          0.001
 No 131 (71.6) 52 (28.4) 0.075 44 (57.1) 33 (42.9) 77 87 (82.1) 19 (17.9) 106 <0.001
 Yes 14 (93.3) 1 (6.7) 7 (100.0) 0 7 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5) 8 1.000
  1. P values were calculated using the Wilcoxon or Kruskal-Wallis rank sum tests. Groups: A, minimal invasive puncture and drainage; B, decompressive craniectomy; GOS: Glasgow Outcome Scale; BP: blood pressure; SPB systolic blood pressure. DBP: diastolic blood pressure. GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale; NIHSS: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; HV: hematoma volume; IVH: intraventricular hemorrhage; RB: rebleed; PI: pulmonary infection; RF: renal failure; UGB: upper gastrointestinal bleeding; agrade 1 vs. grade 2; bgrade 2 vs. grade 3; cIVH 0 vs. IVH grade 1.