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Table 1 Clinic baseline characteristics

From: Can minimally invasive puncture and drainage for hypertensive spontaneous Basal Ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage improve patient outcome: a prospective non-randomized comparative study

Characteristics All patients (n = 198) Groups P
A (n = 84) B (n = 114)
Age, mean ± SD (range) 57.1 ± 12.8 (31–95) 59.4 ± 14.5 (31–95) 55.3 ± 11.1 (36–87) 0.025a
  60, n (%) 49.5 ± 6.7, 130 (65.7) 48.4 ± 7.2, 45 (53.6) 50.0 ± 6.4, 85 (74.6) 0.209a
  > 60, n (%) 71.5 ± 8.3, 68 (34.3) 72.1 ± 9.5, 39 (46.4) 70.9 ± 6.4, 29 (25.4) 0.562a
Female/Male, n (%) 54 (27.3)/144 (72.7) 22 (26.2)/62 (73.8) 32 (28.1)/82 (71.9) 0.769
Diabetes, No/Yes, n (%) 127 (64.1)/71 (35.9) 60 (71.4)/24 (28.6) 67 (58.8)/47 (41.2) 0.066
Time from ictus to operation, h    0.123b
  Median (25%, 75%) 7 (5, 9) 7 (6, 10) 6 (5, 9)  
BP (mm Hg), mean ± SD     
  SBP 188.1 ± 26.4 185.9 ± 24.5 189.8 ± 27.7 0.300a
  DBP 103.4 ± 12.1 102.1 ± 11.1 104.3 ± 12.7 0.108a
GCS, mean ± SD 8.1 ± 3.4 8.6 ± 3.6 7.8 ± 3.2 0.082
  15-13, n (%) 30 (15.2) 17 (20.2) 13 (11.4) 0.111b
  12-7, n (%) 88 (44.4) 37 (44.0) 51 (44.7)
  6-3, n (%) 80 (40.4) 30 (35.7) 50 (43.9)
NIHSS, mean ± SD 20.8 ± 5.3 20.2 ± 5.5 21.2 ± 5.1 0.194
  <15, n (%) 32 (16.2) 17 (20.2) 15 (13.2) 0.163 b
  15-20, n (%) 50 (25.3) 22 (26.2) 28 (24.6)
  >20, n (%) 116 (58.6) 45 (53.6) 71 (62.3)
HV, mL (Range) 56.7 ± 23.0 ( 30–144) 53.7 ± 23.4 (30–144) 58.9 ± 22.5 (30–128) 0.119a
  60 mL, n (%) 43.12 ± 8.9, 131 (66.2) 41.9 ± 8.9, 61 (72.6) 44.2 ± 8.8, 70 (61.4) 0.142a
  > 60 mL, n (%) 83.2 ± 18.6, 67 (33.8) 85.0 ± 21.1, 23 (27.4) 82.2 ± 17.3, 44 (38.6) 0.560 a
IVH, n (%),     0.219b
0 64 (32.3) 30 (35.7) 34 (29.8)  
1-4 62 (31.3) 27 (32.1) 35 (30.7)  
5-8 36 (18.2) 15 (17.9) 21 (18.4)  
9-12 36 (18.2) 12 (14.3) 24 (21.1)  
  1. P values were calculated using the Chi-square , Student’s t (a) or Wilcoxon rank sum tests (b). Groups: A, minimal invasive puncture and drainage; B, decompressive craniectomy; BP: blood pressure; SPB systolic blood pressure. DBP: diastolic blood pressure. GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale; NIHSS: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; HV: hematoma volume; IVH: intraventricular hemorrhage.